Journal №7 (59) / 2023|KELM

LIST OF FILES

CURRENT TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF ART EDUCATION IN UKRAINE

Olga Bolshanina

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Pedagogy Kryvyi Rih State Pedagogical University (Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9000-4982
Anotation. The article examines the context of trends in developing contemporary art education in Ukraine. The fundamental problems in the current situation of art education institutions and the teaching system in general are identified. The content of modern trends proposed by Ukrainian scholars A. Kozyr and M. Pikchur is analysed and characterised in detail. The key trends corresponding to the ideas and opinions expressed in the theoretical and methodological works of Ukrainian artists-pedagogues of the first half of the twentieth century are identified. The essence of the identified trends is described in detail, and an analysis of each identified trend with representatives of Ukrainian art education is provided. Several statements are formulated on the relevance of the identified trends and the need for their active continuation for implementation in art educational institutions in Ukraine. Essential aspects of implementing the formulated trends for the further education of professional skills of students of artistic specialities are identified.
Keywords: The article examines the context of trends in developing contemporary art education in Ukraine. The fundamental problems in the current situation of art education institutions and the teaching system in general are identified. The content of modern trends proposed by Ukrainian scholars A. Kozyr and M. Pikchur is analysed and characterised in detail. The key trends corresponding to the ideas and opinions expressed in the theoretical and methodological works of Ukrainian artists-pedagogues of the first half of the twentieth century are identified. The essence of the identified trends is described in detail, and an analysis of each identified trend with representatives of Ukrainian art education is provided. Several statements are formulated on the relevance of the identified trends and the need for their active continuation for implementation in art educational institutions in Ukraine. Essential aspects of implementing the formulated trends for the further education of professional skills of students of artistic specialities are identified.

STUDY OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE METHODS OF TEACHING MOTOR SKILLS AND PROFESSIONAL ORIENTATION SKILLS OF FUTURE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SPECIALISTS IN THE PROCESS OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION

Volodymyr Zayka

Applicant at the Department of Theory and Methods of Physical Education, Ukrainian State University named after Mykhailo Drahomanov (Kyiv Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9872-360X
Anotation. The article examines the effectiveness of the method of training motor skills and professional orientation skills of future information technology specialists. The results of the pedagogical experiment established that the level of somatic health and physical qualities of students of information specialties after the implementation of the experimental method did not worsen the indicators of somatic health and the level of physical fitness of future information technology specialists. At the same time, it is shown that the effectiveness of the methodology implemented in the process of physical education was manifested in the positive dynamics of the level of special motor training. (at p>0.05). In addition, it was determined that improving the educational process of physical education creates new opportunities for improving the professional training of students of information majors. At the same time, the results of the research allow us to say that the application of the methodology of teaching motor skills and skills of a professional orientation in physical education classes significantly increased the effectiveness of the formation of professionally significant skills and abilities of students of information majors. Thus, the analysis of the educational achievements of future information technology specialists in the disciplines of the cycle of professional and practical training showed that the level of professional success in the boys of the experimental group increased by 10.1%, and in girls – by 7.2% (p<0.05). while in the students of the control group, respectively, 6.8% and 3.4% (p>0.05).
Keywords: The article examines the effectiveness of the method of training motor skills and professional orientation skills of future information technology specialists. The results of the pedagogical experiment established that the level of somatic health and physical qualities of students of information specialties after the implementation of the experimental method did not worsen the indicators of somatic health and the level of physical fitness of future information technology specialists. At the same time, it is shown that the effectiveness of the methodology implemented in the process of physical education was manifested in the positive dynamics of the level of special motor training. (at p>0.05). In addition, it was determined that improving the educational process of physical education creates new opportunities for improving the professional training of students of information majors. At the same time, the results of the research allow us to say that the application of the methodology of teaching motor skills and skills of a professional orientation in physical education classes significantly increased the effectiveness of the formation of professionally significant skills and abilities of students of information majors. Thus, the analysis of the educational achievements of future information technology specialists in the disciplines of the cycle of professional and practical training showed that the level of professional success in the boys of the experimental group increased by 10.1%, and in girls – by 7.2% (p<0.05). while in the students of the control group, respectively, 6.8% and 3.4% (p>0.05).

COGNITIVE EDUCATION AS THE PROCESS OF DEVELOPING THE INDIVIDUAL POTENTIAL OF JUNIOR SCHOOL STUDENTS

Olha Movchan

Postgraduate Student Field of Study: 011 Education, Pedagogical Sciences Mykolaiv National University V.O. Sukhomlynskyi (Mykolaiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0009-0003-3828-0052
Anotation. The article focuses on studying the essence and significance of cognitive education in the context of the development of younger students in the modern educational environment. It analyzes the content of the concepts of cognitive development and cognitive education, explores key aspects of cognitive education, and defines its purpose in the context of the demands of contemporary society, paving the way for democratization and national revival. The emphasis is placed on recognizing cognitive education as one of the key strategies of the modern school, which must adapt to the fundamental principles of the New Ukrainian School. In light of this, the problems of traditional teaching are analyzed, highlighting the necessity of ensuring cognitive development in students at the initial stage of education, considering the vast amount of information and rapid scientific-technological progress. The article discusses the importance of integrating psychological and pedagogical knowledge for the successful implementation of cognitive education, emphasizing the role of the pedagogical process in shaping the personality of the child and contributing to their further development. Conclusions are drawn regarding the relevance and necessity of introducing innovative methods and approaches into the education system that correspond to the challenges of modern society and contribute to the full cognitive development of younger students.
Keywords: The article focuses on studying the essence and significance of cognitive education in the context of the development of younger students in the modern educational environment. It analyzes the content of the concepts of cognitive development and cognitive education, explores key aspects of cognitive education, and defines its purpose in the context of the demands of contemporary society, paving the way for democratization and national revival. The emphasis is placed on recognizing cognitive education as one of the key strategies of the modern school, which must adapt to the fundamental principles of the New Ukrainian School. In light of this, the problems of traditional teaching are analyzed, highlighting the necessity of ensuring cognitive development in students at the initial stage of education, considering the vast amount of information and rapid scientific-technological progress. The article discusses the importance of integrating psychological and pedagogical knowledge for the successful implementation of cognitive education, emphasizing the role of the pedagogical process in shaping the personality of the child and contributing to their further development. Conclusions are drawn regarding the relevance and necessity of introducing innovative methods and approaches into the education system that correspond to the challenges of modern society and contribute to the full cognitive development of younger students.

QUALIFICATION CENTERS AS A MODERN MECHANISM FOR ASSESSING PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE AND EFFICIENT USE OF HUMAN CAPITAL

Olexandr Nazarkin, Oleg Podоylak

Olexandr Nazarkin, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Transport & Welding Department Ukrainian Engineering and Pedagogical Academy (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
Oleg Podоylak, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of Mechanical Engineering, Transport & Welding Department Ukrainian Engineering and Pedagogical Academy (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-1384-749X, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-1477-8548
Anotation. An analysis of the state and problems of the implementation and functioning of the system of qualification centers (QC) in Ukraine was carried out. Analysis, generalization, mathematical-statistical, graphic method, systematic approach were used in the research. The objects of the research were: regulatory framework, professional standards, scientific publications, register of qualifications. An analysis of the market of services for the confirmation of professional qualifications by direction and by territory was carried out. It was established that in Ukraine as a whole and in the Kharkiv region in particular, the number of QCs does not meet the objective need for such services. The expediency of creating a center based on the professional qualifications of «electric welder of manual welding» and «turner» has been substantiated. An analysis of the regulatory and legal regulation of the procedure for the creation and accreditation of QCs and ensuring their effective functioning has been carried out. The procedure is described and the algorithm for opening the QC is proposed. The implementation of the National System of Qualifications in modern conditions provides an opportunity for specialists who have relevant experience and knowledge, but do not have a diploma, to confirm their professional qualifications and get a job, and for the state, in the form of employers, to use human capital most effectively based on the assessment of professional competence by qualification centers.
Keywords: An analysis of the state and problems of the implementation and functioning of the system of qualification centers (QC) in Ukraine was carried out. Analysis, generalization, mathematical-statistical, graphic method, systematic approach were used in the research. The objects of the research were: regulatory framework, professional standards, scientific publications, register of qualifications. An analysis of the market of services for the confirmation of professional qualifications by direction and by territory was carried out. It was established that in Ukraine as a whole and in the Kharkiv region in particular, the number of QCs does not meet the objective need for such services. The expediency of creating a center based on the professional qualifications of «electric welder of manual welding» and «turner» has been substantiated. An analysis of the regulatory and legal regulation of the procedure for the creation and accreditation of QCs and ensuring their effective functioning has been carried out. The procedure is described and the algorithm for opening the QC is proposed. The implementation of the National System of Qualifications in modern conditions provides an opportunity for specialists who have relevant experience and knowledge, but do not have a diploma, to confirm their professional qualifications and get a job, and for the state, in the form of employers, to use human capital most effectively based on the assessment of professional competence by qualification centers.

THE CONCEPT OF «CREATIVITY», «AUTHOR», «WORK» IN MODERN ART CRITICISM AND LEGAL DIMENSIONS

Olha Umanets, Liudmyla Perevalova

Olha Umanets, Candidate of Art Criticism, Associative Professor, Associative Professor at the Department of Cultural Studies Yaroslav Mudry National Law University (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
Liudmyla Perevalova, PhD, Associative Professor, Associative Professor at the Department of Law National Technical University «Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute»
ORCID ID: 0009-0008-2113-1292, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5182-2838
Anotation. The article highlights the probletmatic areas of copyright and related rights determined by the global importance of human capital and creativity in the culture of the information society, stylistic, genre, language and speech, and expressive shifts in the artistic practice of the metamodern. The author outlines the dissonance in the understanding of the concepts of «creativity» and «work» in art criticism in their conceptual, semantic and spiritual significance and in the legal field – from the effective, material and subjective, valuation and cost positions, as well as the nuances of positioning the concept of «author». It is found the markers of contemporary artistic reflection recognized if the art criticism – intertextuality, use the «codes»- symbols, quotations and allusions, collage, diffusion of folklore, academic and popular art, priority of innovative combination – problematize the issue of originality and specificity of quotation in the legal field. The synthesis of arts, shifts in the hierarchy of their means of expression, development of synthetic artistic practice, partial fixation of a work due to the identification of the author and the performer, remixing practice, etc. are positioned as factors of clarification of the concepts of copyright and related rights.
Keywords: The article highlights the probletmatic areas of copyright and related rights determined by the global importance of human capital and creativity in the culture of the information society, stylistic, genre, language and speech, and expressive shifts in the artistic practice of the metamodern. The author outlines the dissonance in the understanding of the concepts of «creativity» and «work» in art criticism in their conceptual, semantic and spiritual significance and in the legal field – from the effective, material and subjective, valuation and cost positions, as well as the nuances of positioning the concept of «author». It is found the markers of contemporary artistic reflection recognized if the art criticism – intertextuality, use the «codes»- symbols, quotations and allusions, collage, diffusion of folklore, academic and popular art, priority of innovative combination – problematize the issue of originality and specificity of quotation in the legal field. The synthesis of arts, shifts in the hierarchy of their means of expression, development of synthetic artistic practice, partial fixation of a work due to the identification of the author and the performer, remixing practice, etc. are positioned as factors of clarification of the concepts of copyright and related rights.

CERTAIN ASPECTS OF THE EXAMINATION OF THE CORPSE AT THE SCENE AND THE APPOINTMENT OF A FORENSIC MEDICAL EXAMINATION

Oleksandr Hruzd, Olha Lytvynenko

Oleksandr Hruzd, PhD in Law, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Organization of Pretrial Investigation, Faculty No. 1, Kryvyi Rih Educational and Scientific Institute of the Donetsk State University of Internal Affairs (Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine)
Olha Lytvynenko, PhD in Law, Associate Professor of the Department of Organization of Pretrial Investigation, Faculty No. 1, Kryvyi Rih Educational and Scientific Institute of the Donetsk State University of Internal Affairs (Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-0370-3791
Anotation. The article is devoted to the problematic issues of the examination of the corpse at the scene of the incident and the subsequent immediate appointment of a forensic medical examination of the corpse. It has been established that there are certain gaps in the legislation that do not allow the investigator to fully and effectively conduct a pretrial investigation. A problematic issue is the legislative determination of conducting, before entering information into the Unified Register of Pretrial Investigations, only an inspection of the scene of the incident, without indicating the possibility of an inspection of the corpse. Attention has been drawn to the fact that delaying the examination of a corpse and the subsequent appointment of a forensic medical examination of such a corpse may negatively affect the collection of evidentiary information. It was established that an examination of the corpse should be carried out as soon as possible after its discovery at the scene, and immediately after its examination, a forensic medical examination was appointed to determine the cause of death, etc. It is proposed to make changes to the criminal procedural code of Ukraine, which will improve the current legislation and improve the work of pretrial investigation bodies.
Keywords: The article is devoted to the problematic issues of the examination of the corpse at the scene of the incident and the subsequent immediate appointment of a forensic medical examination of the corpse. It has been established that there are certain gaps in the legislation that do not allow the investigator to fully and effectively conduct a pretrial investigation. A problematic issue is the legislative determination of conducting, before entering information into the Unified Register of Pretrial Investigations, only an inspection of the scene of the incident, without indicating the possibility of an inspection of the corpse. Attention has been drawn to the fact that delaying the examination of a corpse and the subsequent appointment of a forensic medical examination of such a corpse may negatively affect the collection of evidentiary information. It was established that an examination of the corpse should be carried out as soon as possible after its discovery at the scene, and immediately after its examination, a forensic medical examination was appointed to determine the cause of death, etc. It is proposed to make changes to the criminal procedural code of Ukraine, which will improve the current legislation and improve the work of pretrial investigation bodies.

REACTUALISATION OF HRYHORIY SKOVORODA’S OEUVRE IN UKRAINE AFTER THE FULL-SCALE INVASION

Mariia Kuleshir

Lecturer at the Department of the Germanic and Romance languages Kyiv National Linguistic University (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-6538-8857
Anotation. The article is devoted to the versatile modes of reactualization of the ouevre of the outstanding Ukrainian philosopher, thinker and writer Hryhoriy Skovoroda, whose figure occupies a prominent, without exaggeration, unique place among the constellation of iconic figures of the Ukrainian cultural space. The investigation refers to recent projects in the autumn of 2023 dedicated to rethinking the figure, ideas and creative legacy of Skovoroda, in particular, a music album and a documentary educational film. It is emphasized that the reactualization of Skovoroda by means of popular music and non-fictional cinema is appropriate and natural. It is articulated that the projects are focused around the ideas of Skovoroda, which especially fit the military reality in Ukraine as the state of crisis in Ukrainian society during the eighteenth century correlates to a known extent with the military catastrophe in present-day Ukraine.
Keywords: The article is devoted to the versatile modes of reactualization of the ouevre of the outstanding Ukrainian philosopher, thinker and writer Hryhoriy Skovoroda, whose figure occupies a prominent, without exaggeration, unique place among the constellation of iconic figures of the Ukrainian cultural space. The investigation refers to recent projects in the autumn of 2023 dedicated to rethinking the figure, ideas and creative legacy of Skovoroda, in particular, a music album and a documentary educational film. It is emphasized that the reactualization of Skovoroda by means of popular music and non-fictional cinema is appropriate and natural. It is articulated that the projects are focused around the ideas of Skovoroda, which especially fit the military reality in Ukraine as the state of crisis in Ukrainian society during the eighteenth century correlates to a known extent with the military catastrophe in present-day Ukraine.

SEMANTIC REFERENCE OF UNITS -UN/-UNE AND THEIR DETERMINACY/INDETERMINACY IN FRENCH IDIOMS

Olga Chaplya, Victoriia Jovdii

Olga Chaplya, Associate Professor of French Philology Department Faculty of Foreign Languages Lviv National University named after Ivan Franko (Lviv, Ukraine)
Victoriia Jovdii, Senior Lecturer at the Roman Languages and Foreign Literature Department Uzhgorod State University (Uzhgorod, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-6213-3392, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-8871-4627
Anotation. The article is devoted to the study of the grammatical and communicative features of the singular/ plural category in French phraseology, represented by the units -un/-une, which can simultaneously express a numerical quantity, performing the grammatical function of an indefinite article. The study is based on the fact that the semantic referentiality of the units -un/-une in phraseological units is metaphorical, and the meaning of quantity is manifested in the internal homonomasiological structure of concepts, their genesis and functional ambiguity.. The indefinite article -un/-une performs mostly a grammatical role in compounds and does not have any decisive function in the interpretation of the metaphorical meaning of the idiom. Thus, the semantic meaning of quantity is reflected as determinism/nondeterminism, while quality is manifested in the structure of the grammatical category of defined/undefined. This approach to semantic identity was studied, and the semantic structure of phraseological units was analyzed from the point of view of determinacy/indeterminacy. So, when considering the essential characteristics, namely the structural-semantic and categorical meaning of the units -un/-une on the basis of French idioms, their binary nature was proved, namely their ability to simultaneously express numerical (metaphorical) quantification and perform the grammatical function of the indefinite article. It was established that the deterministic singular differs from the indeterminate singular; that it is actualized at the same time at the logicalsemantic level, which explains the etymological nature of phraseological units.
Keywords: The article is devoted to the study of the grammatical and communicative features of the singular/ plural category in French phraseology, represented by the units -un/-une, which can simultaneously express a numerical quantity, performing the grammatical function of an indefinite article. The study is based on the fact that the semantic referentiality of the units -un/-une in phraseological units is metaphorical, and the meaning of quantity is manifested in the internal homonomasiological structure of concepts, their genesis and functional ambiguity.. The indefinite article -un/-une performs mostly a grammatical role in compounds and does not have any decisive function in the interpretation of the metaphorical meaning of the idiom. Thus, the semantic meaning of quantity is reflected as determinism/nondeterminism, while quality is manifested in the structure of the grammatical category of defined/undefined. This approach to semantic identity was studied, and the semantic structure of phraseological units was analyzed from the point of view of determinacy/indeterminacy. So, when considering the essential characteristics, namely the structural-semantic and categorical meaning of the units -un/-une on the basis of French idioms, their binary nature was proved, namely their ability to simultaneously express numerical (metaphorical) quantification and perform the grammatical function of the indefinite article. It was established that the deterministic singular differs from the indeterminate singular; that it is actualized at the same time at the logicalsemantic level, which explains the etymological nature of phraseological units.

REPETITION IN THE SYSTEM OF MODERN LINGUISTIC MEDIA TECHNOLOGIES. PART 1

Larysa Shulinova

PhD, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Stylistics and Language Communication Educational and Scientific institute of philology of Kyiv National Taras Shevchenko university (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-1902-9191
Anotation. This article is the first stage of the research of the repetition`s functional resource as a linguistic media technology in modern mass communication. On the material of media texts of various authors published in traditional and social media for the period from January 2023 to December 2023, using general scientific and special methods of individual humanitarian scientific fields, in particular comparative, interpretive, semantic and stylistic, content analysis and monitoring, a scientific analysis of the linguistic technology of repetition from a functional point of view was carried out and the dominant means of its implementation were outlined. It was found that repetition as a linguistic media technology implements a text-creative function, that is, it is a means of media text architectonics, as well as a function of influence or manipulation through nominations significant for the author, axiological, identification, and recognition functions in media texts of various topics and directions. The means of implementation are defined as rhythmic types of repetitions, key words, linguistic markers, refrains, syntactic means, periphrasis and tautology, linguistic means in combination with non-verbal ones, which reveals the non-linear specificity of modern media texts. It is noted that several functions can be implemented in one text with the help of repetition of various means.
Keywords: This article is the first stage of the research of the repetition`s functional resource as a linguistic media technology in modern mass communication. On the material of media texts of various authors published in traditional and social media for the period from January 2023 to December 2023, using general scientific and special methods of individual humanitarian scientific fields, in particular comparative, interpretive, semantic and stylistic, content analysis and monitoring, a scientific analysis of the linguistic technology of repetition from a functional point of view was carried out and the dominant means of its implementation were outlined. It was found that repetition as a linguistic media technology implements a text-creative function, that is, it is a means of media text architectonics, as well as a function of influence or manipulation through nominations significant for the author, axiological, identification, and recognition functions in media texts of various topics and directions. The means of implementation are defined as rhythmic types of repetitions, key words, linguistic markers, refrains, syntactic means, periphrasis and tautology, linguistic means in combination with non-verbal ones, which reveals the non-linear specificity of modern media texts. It is noted that several functions can be implemented in one text with the help of repetition of various means.

THE MEDIEVAL THEORY OF THE “SEVEN CLIMATES”: A NEW APPROACH TO THE PROBLEM

Olha Borysova

Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Professor of the Department of History and Socio-Economic Disciplines, Kharkiv Humanitarian and Pedagogical Academy Kharkiv Regional Council (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-0875-9065
Anotation. In the article, the author, based on the analysis of historical sources and scientific literature, advocates the formation of a new approach to the ancient and medieval theory of the «seven climates», which was the methodology of all ancient Greek and medieval Arabic cosmography. The author establishes the extent to which this problem has been studied in science, analyses an important provision from one of the historical sources, and presents his own views that Klimata (κλίματα – ancient Greek) is not an artificial creation of the antique or medieval Arab intellect, but a certain reality that ancient scholars tried to study and describe in the ways available to them and in the traditions and categories that existed at that time. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the author presents her point of view on what the Klimata phenomenon is.
Keywords: In the article, the author, based on the analysis of historical sources and scientific literature, advocates the formation of a new approach to the ancient and medieval theory of the «seven climates», which was the methodology of all ancient Greek and medieval Arabic cosmography. The author establishes the extent to which this problem has been studied in science, analyses an important provision from one of the historical sources, and presents his own views that Klimata (κλίματα – ancient Greek) is not an artificial creation of the antique or medieval Arab intellect, but a certain reality that ancient scholars tried to study and describe in the ways available to them and in the traditions and categories that existed at that time. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the author presents her point of view on what the Klimata phenomenon is.

A MODEL OF GENDER IDENTITY LGBTIQ+: EMPIRICAL RESEARCH

Mariia Hrechanyk

Psychologist, Postgraduate Student at the Department of Psychology Zaporyzhzhua National University (Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-1650-3692
Anotation. The article reveals the results of research into the components of LGBTIQ+ gender identity. During the follow-up process, a cross-sectional analysis between LGBTIQ+ and heterosexual control groups revealed a significant difference in gender self-expression. It has been established that the gender identity of representatives of the control group is significantly influenced by their biological status, while LGBTIQ+ people are characterized by greater androgyny, and their Gender identity is much less tied to biological status. A regression analysis was carried out for both groups (LGBTIQ+ and control), which reinforces the importance of gender identity and biological status in the molded masculinity/femininity. The control group has a more traditional gender identity, while the LGBTIQ+ group has more variability and less conventional connections between genders. Identity and gender characteristics. The presence of a significant increase in age and level of masculinity/femininity index in both groups also indicates the interconnection of these factors in the formulated gender characteristics.
Keywords: The article reveals the results of research into the components of LGBTIQ+ gender identity. During the follow-up process, a cross-sectional analysis between LGBTIQ+ and heterosexual control groups revealed a significant difference in gender self-expression. It has been established that the gender identity of representatives of the control group is significantly influenced by their biological status, while LGBTIQ+ people are characterized by greater androgyny, and their Gender identity is much less tied to biological status. A regression analysis was carried out for both groups (LGBTIQ+ and control), which reinforces the importance of gender identity and biological status in the molded masculinity/femininity. The control group has a more traditional gender identity, while the LGBTIQ+ group has more variability and less conventional connections between genders. Identity and gender characteristics. The presence of a significant increase in age and level of masculinity/femininity index in both groups also indicates the interconnection of these factors in the formulated gender characteristics.

MILITARY JOURNALISM AS A TOOL OF INFORMATION PROPAGANDA

Karyna Akopian, Valentyna Shulgina

Karyna Akopian, Postgraduate Student at the Department of Journalism National Aviation University (Kyiv, Ukraine)
Valentyna Shulgina, Doctor of Philological Sciences, Professor at the Department of Journalism National Aviation University (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0009-0008-9813-5873, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9906-3033
Anotation. Since the proclamation of Ukraine's independence, military journalism has existed in its «passive» form. Press officers who served in the troops faithfully discharge duties, but no one spoke aloud about their official activities. This was due, in particular, to a small public interest in the Ukrainian army, which in the 2000s was especially «declining». But situation changed in 2014, when Ukraine became a hostage to an undeclared war by the Russian Federation, the first step of which was the annexation of the Crimea, later – the breakthrough of the eastern borders and armed aggression in the Donbas region. Since then, military journalists serving in the troops have finally emerged from the shadows. A significant number of representatives of civilian media retrained as war correspondents and began to cover the fighting directly. That is why military journalism deserves considerable attention of modern media scientists, which will positively contribute to its revival and further development.
Keywords: Since the proclamation of Ukraine's independence, military journalism has existed in its «passive» form. Press officers who served in the troops faithfully discharge duties, but no one spoke aloud about their official activities. This was due, in particular, to a small public interest in the Ukrainian army, which in the 2000s was especially «declining». But situation changed in 2014, when Ukraine became a hostage to an undeclared war by the Russian Federation, the first step of which was the annexation of the Crimea, later – the breakthrough of the eastern borders and armed aggression in the Donbas region. Since then, military journalists serving in the troops have finally emerged from the shadows. A significant number of representatives of civilian media retrained as war correspondents and began to cover the fighting directly. That is why military journalism deserves considerable attention of modern media scientists, which will positively contribute to its revival and further development.

NEWS DISCOURSE IN THE POLISH MASS MEDIA ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE RUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN WAR, NAMELY FROM 24.02.22

Nataliia Zhukovska

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Journalism National Aviation University (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0009-0002-2924-4861
Anotation. The article is devoted to the issues of news discourse. Namely, in the context of Polish media coverage of news about Ukraine in the media space. The work of television, radio, Internet portals and newspapers is discussed. It is determined that the news discourse fulfills an important social role – to express the interests of society, and therefore requires additional study. Moreover, news discourse is interactive and reflects all changes in public life. The results obtained can serve as a basis for further study of the specifics of writing and presenting news texts and information during crisis and conflict situations, including wars, which unfortunately can occur in the world.
Keywords: The article is devoted to the issues of news discourse. Namely, in the context of Polish media coverage of news about Ukraine in the media space. The work of television, radio, Internet portals and newspapers is discussed. It is determined that the news discourse fulfills an important social role – to express the interests of society, and therefore requires additional study. Moreover, news discourse is interactive and reflects all changes in public life. The results obtained can serve as a basis for further study of the specifics of writing and presenting news texts and information during crisis and conflict situations, including wars, which unfortunately can occur in the world.

TRANSREGIONALISM IN THE MODERN WORLD AS A FACTOR OF TRANSFORMATION OF PUBLIC GOVERNMENT

Viktor Shcherbak

Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of International Relations, Dnipro National University named after Oles Honchar (Dnipro, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3655-8087
Anotation. The article examines the specifics of horizontal connections between the regions of different countries, which ensure economic growth, more effective exchange of technologies and resources. Peculiarities of public governance, which applies the paradigm of new public management and is focused on increasing the effectiveness of transregional economic, social and cultural exchanges, are studied. The signs of "national settings" in relation to regional cooperation, as well as in relation to the objectives of the tasks and the specifics of the national vision of cooperation, have been established. The importance of the possibility of intensive contacts and promotion of the brand of Ukraine in those areas where it was previously dependent on the classical paradigms of international relations was clarified. The scientific status of transregionalism, which at the present stage is formed as a set of theories belonging to different disciplinary fields, is studied. The potential of transregionalism in the conditions of the Russian-Ukrainian war is evaluated, when it is necessary to understand the support of the institutional capacity of Ukraine in its fight against the external enemy. The factors of the realities of Ukraine’s development in the conditions of a full-scale invasion were revealed, which proved that there is no alternative to European values and the European space of economic interaction. It is noted that the existence of framework agreements and interstate Euroregional entities opens up ways to intensify contacts in all directions. It is established that interdisciplinary transregionalism provides a wide range of tools for understanding modern transregional cooperation.
Keywords: The article examines the specifics of horizontal connections between the regions of different countries, which ensure economic growth, more effective exchange of technologies and resources. Peculiarities of public governance, which applies the paradigm of new public management and is focused on increasing the effectiveness of transregional economic, social and cultural exchanges, are studied. The signs of "national settings" in relation to regional cooperation, as well as in relation to the objectives of the tasks and the specifics of the national vision of cooperation, have been established. The importance of the possibility of intensive contacts and promotion of the brand of Ukraine in those areas where it was previously dependent on the classical paradigms of international relations was clarified. The scientific status of transregionalism, which at the present stage is formed as a set of theories belonging to different disciplinary fields, is studied. The potential of transregionalism in the conditions of the Russian-Ukrainian war is evaluated, when it is necessary to understand the support of the institutional capacity of Ukraine in its fight against the external enemy. The factors of the realities of Ukraine’s development in the conditions of a full-scale invasion were revealed, which proved that there is no alternative to European values and the European space of economic interaction. It is noted that the existence of framework agreements and interstate Euroregional entities opens up ways to intensify contacts in all directions. It is established that interdisciplinary transregionalism provides a wide range of tools for understanding modern transregional cooperation.

FOREIGN EXPERIENCE OF ADMINISTRATIVE AND LEGAL REGULATION OF BUSINESS ACTIVITIES: A POSITIVE EXPERIENCE FOR UKRAINE

Oleksandr Golovach

Applicant at the Department of Administrative, Criminal Law and Procedure International University of Business and Law (Kherson, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0009-0007-8462-3561
Anotation. The scientific publication is devoted to the experience of foreign countries regarding the administrative and legal regulation of business activity. Particular attention is paid to the positive experience of the countries of the European Union, the Great Britain and the USA, which have the most developed systems of public administration of relations in the field of business activity, established and effective taxation systems, demonstrate positive experience in creating favorable conditions for business development, etc. It is emphasized that the positive experience of foreign countries in maintaining a fair balance between freedom of entrepreneurial activity and control by public administration bodies deserves special attention, which is manifested in strict rules for declaring income and their taxation, which forms the financial discipline and sense of social responsibility of entrepreneurs, understanding that it is more profitable to conduct business according to the established rules than to go into the shadows, avoid paying taxes, use the labor of undocumented workers and commit other illegal actions. Attention is drawn to the fact that, taking into account the positive experience of foreign countries in the field of administrative and legal regulation of business activity, all national bodies of public administration should focus their activities on creating transparent and understandable conditions for conducting business, which excludes manifestations of corruption, and also complies with legal practice business administration in the EU, Great Britain and USA. In addition, it is proposed to borrow the positive experience of the USA regarding the absence of the need to register business entities, based on the fact that every person, with the exception of legally defined officials of public administration bodies, can freely carry out business activities, but the key is financial discipline - timely payment taxes, as well as compliance with the provisions of customs, migration and other branches of legislation.
Keywords: The scientific publication is devoted to the experience of foreign countries regarding the administrative and legal regulation of business activity. Particular attention is paid to the positive experience of the countries of the European Union, the Great Britain and the USA, which have the most developed systems of public administration of relations in the field of business activity, established and effective taxation systems, demonstrate positive experience in creating favorable conditions for business development, etc. It is emphasized that the positive experience of foreign countries in maintaining a fair balance between freedom of entrepreneurial activity and control by public administration bodies deserves special attention, which is manifested in strict rules for declaring income and their taxation, which forms the financial discipline and sense of social responsibility of entrepreneurs, understanding that it is more profitable to conduct business according to the established rules than to go into the shadows, avoid paying taxes, use the labor of undocumented workers and commit other illegal actions. Attention is drawn to the fact that, taking into account the positive experience of foreign countries in the field of administrative and legal regulation of business activity, all national bodies of public administration should focus their activities on creating transparent and understandable conditions for conducting business, which excludes manifestations of corruption, and also complies with legal practice business administration in the EU, Great Britain and USA. In addition, it is proposed to borrow the positive experience of the USA regarding the absence of the need to register business entities, based on the fact that every person, with the exception of legally defined officials of public administration bodies, can freely carry out business activities, but the key is financial discipline - timely payment taxes, as well as compliance with the provisions of customs, migration and other branches of legislation.

LEGAL REGULATION OF EXPORT AND IMPORT OF MILITARY AND DUAL-USE GOODS IN SLOVAKIA AND UKRAINE: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

Ihor Doluda

Postgraduate Student Kyiv University of Law and Intellectual Property (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4336-4034
Anotation. The article provides a comparative analysis of the legal regulation of the export and import of military and dual-use goods in Slovakia and Ukraine, focusing on key legislative acts, permit acquisition procedures, as well as control mechanisms and accountability. Similar and distinct aspects of both systems are analyzed, along with their interrelations within the context of international standards and agreements. Our analysis aims to shed light on the effectiveness and transparency of legal mechanisms aimed at regulating the circulation of military and dual-use products in two important countries in Central and Eastern Europe.
Keywords: The article provides a comparative analysis of the legal regulation of the export and import of military and dual-use goods in Slovakia and Ukraine, focusing on key legislative acts, permit acquisition procedures, as well as control mechanisms and accountability. Similar and distinct aspects of both systems are analyzed, along with their interrelations within the context of international standards and agreements. Our analysis aims to shed light on the effectiveness and transparency of legal mechanisms aimed at regulating the circulation of military and dual-use products in two important countries in Central and Eastern Europe.

SUBJECTIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE STATE POLICY ON FINDING, TRACING AND MANAGEMENT OF ASSETS

Olena Duma

Applicant at the Department of Administrative and Criminal Law and Procedure, International University of Business and Law (Kherson, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0009-0007-3168-7748
Anotation. The purpose of the article is to carry out the subject characteristics of the institutional mechanism for the implementation of state policy in the field of identification, search and management of assets in modern conditions in Ukraine. The study of the defined purpose of the article was carried out using dialectical methods of scientific knowledge, the use of methods of analysis and synthesis, logical inferences, the system-structural method and the method of forecasting. It has been found that the definition of the system of subjects for the search of assets obtained by illegal means requires the delimitation of the categorical apparatus associated with establishing the content of the concepts of "search", "detection" of assets and "management" of assets. It was determined that the activity of subjects to prevent the circulation of assets obtained illegally requires not only the search for such objects, but also the imposition of an arrest on them, in the case of justification, is a logical process that completes the interaction of the participants in the proceedings. It is well-founded that one of the priorities of the implementation of state policy in the field of identification, search and management of assets, which requires legislative reflection by supplementing Article 1 of the Law of Ukraine "On the National Agency of Ukraine on Identification, Search and Management of Assets Obtained from Corruption and Other Crimes" ", the requirement to comply with the economic efficiency of the use of such assets is established in the scope of ARMA's duties. Based on the analysis of the subject structure of asset management relations, the presence of primary and secondary participants in legal relations for the implementation of state policy in the field of asset detection, search and management, or the existence of management and sub-management relations was determined. It is substantiated that within the framework of the implementation of state policy in the field of detection, search and management of assets, the primary manager is the National Agency, while the functions of sub-management of assets are entrusted to other participants of such legal relations – natural persons-entrepreneurs, or legal entities of various organizational and legal forms operating on the basis of the contract concluded in the procedure of announcing the competition and public offer.
Keywords: The purpose of the article is to carry out the subject characteristics of the institutional mechanism for the implementation of state policy in the field of identification, search and management of assets in modern conditions in Ukraine. The study of the defined purpose of the article was carried out using dialectical methods of scientific knowledge, the use of methods of analysis and synthesis, logical inferences, the system-structural method and the method of forecasting. It has been found that the definition of the system of subjects for the search of assets obtained by illegal means requires the delimitation of the categorical apparatus associated with establishing the content of the concepts of "search", "detection" of assets and "management" of assets. It was determined that the activity of subjects to prevent the circulation of assets obtained illegally requires not only the search for such objects, but also the imposition of an arrest on them, in the case of justification, is a logical process that completes the interaction of the participants in the proceedings. It is well-founded that one of the priorities of the implementation of state policy in the field of identification, search and management of assets, which requires legislative reflection by supplementing Article 1 of the Law of Ukraine "On the National Agency of Ukraine on Identification, Search and Management of Assets Obtained from Corruption and Other Crimes" ", the requirement to comply with the economic efficiency of the use of such assets is established in the scope of ARMA's duties. Based on the analysis of the subject structure of asset management relations, the presence of primary and secondary participants in legal relations for the implementation of state policy in the field of asset detection, search and management, or the existence of management and sub-management relations was determined. It is substantiated that within the framework of the implementation of state policy in the field of detection, search and management of assets, the primary manager is the National Agency, while the functions of sub-management of assets are entrusted to other participants of such legal relations – natural persons-entrepreneurs, or legal entities of various organizational and legal forms operating on the basis of the contract concluded in the procedure of announcing the competition and public offer.

THE SYSTEM OF PRINCIPLES OF ADMINISTRATIVE POLICY IN UKRAINE

Artem Zubko

Ph.D. in Law, Doctoral Student, Scientific Institute of Public Law (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2025-0202
Anotation. The object of analysis in this publication is the administrative policy of Ukraine as a set of interconnected ideational-conceptual rules that undergo thorough examination. This analysis allows for the identification and understanding of its goals, values, and the logic of functioning as an independent administrative-legal phenomenon. By applying a range of interdisciplinary scientific methods (analysis and synthesis, critical analysis, the comparative method, the descriptive method, etc.) in correlation with the application of special legal methods, such as doctrinal analysis, comparative legal analysis, and legal modeling, the system of principles of administrative policy in Ukraine is presented. Part of these principles is already an integral element of the domestic legal system, while others must necessarily find their objectification in it. The discussion of the stated issues is concluded by summarizing the presence of a correlational connection between established traditional ideational-conceptual rules of state influence on state and social relations and modern requirements aimed at improving management processes and achieving the strategic goals of state development.
Keywords: The object of analysis in this publication is the administrative policy of Ukraine as a set of interconnected ideational-conceptual rules that undergo thorough examination. This analysis allows for the identification and understanding of its goals, values, and the logic of functioning as an independent administrative-legal phenomenon. By applying a range of interdisciplinary scientific methods (analysis and synthesis, critical analysis, the comparative method, the descriptive method, etc.) in correlation with the application of special legal methods, such as doctrinal analysis, comparative legal analysis, and legal modeling, the system of principles of administrative policy in Ukraine is presented. Part of these principles is already an integral element of the domestic legal system, while others must necessarily find their objectification in it. The discussion of the stated issues is concluded by summarizing the presence of a correlational connection between established traditional ideational-conceptual rules of state influence on state and social relations and modern requirements aimed at improving management processes and achieving the strategic goals of state development.

THEORETICAL AND LEGAL CHARACTERISTICS OF A DISCIPLINARY OFFENSE AS A BASIS FOR BRINGING A LAWYER TO DISCIPLINARY RESPONSIBILITY

Anna Zuyeva

Applicant of the Scientific Research Institute of Public Law (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0009-0009-4436-1469
Anotation. The article is devoted to the scientific-theoretical analysis of the category "disciplinary misconduct of a lawyer" as a basis for bringing him to disciplinary responsibility. Theoretical and legal approaches to understanding the lawyer's disciplinary offense were studied. Subjective and objective signs of the composition of a lawyer's disciplinary offense are characterized. It is suggested that "disciplinary misconduct of a lawyer" should be understood as the culpable, illegal action or inaction of a lawyer during his professional activities, as well as other social and public activities (public, scientific, journalistic activities, communication on the Internet), which consists in violation of the legislation on advocacy and advocacy activities and/or the Rules of Advocacy Ethics, requirements and prohibitions, professional and moral and ethical obligations of an advocate before clients, colleagues and the Institute of Advocacy as a whole, the court and other state bodies, as well as society in general, which has the effect of harming the client and/or the institution of advocacy as a whole, for which the legislation provides for disciplinary responsibility.
Keywords: The article is devoted to the scientific-theoretical analysis of the category "disciplinary misconduct of a lawyer" as a basis for bringing him to disciplinary responsibility. Theoretical and legal approaches to understanding the lawyer's disciplinary offense were studied. Subjective and objective signs of the composition of a lawyer's disciplinary offense are characterized. It is suggested that "disciplinary misconduct of a lawyer" should be understood as the culpable, illegal action or inaction of a lawyer during his professional activities, as well as other social and public activities (public, scientific, journalistic activities, communication on the Internet), which consists in violation of the legislation on advocacy and advocacy activities and/or the Rules of Advocacy Ethics, requirements and prohibitions, professional and moral and ethical obligations of an advocate before clients, colleagues and the Institute of Advocacy as a whole, the court and other state bodies, as well as society in general, which has the effect of harming the client and/or the institution of advocacy as a whole, for which the legislation provides for disciplinary responsibility.

CIRCUMSTANCES TO BE PROVED IN CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS ON ACQUISITION AN OFFICIAL PERSON OF UNLAWFUL BENEFIT

Iryna Kozak

Applicant at the Department of Law Enforcement and Anti-Corruption Activities Interregional Academy of Personnel Management (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-0855-4831
Anotation. In the article under the subject of proof in criminal proceedings about receiving an illegal benefit by an official, it is proposed to understand the totality (system) of circumstances that make up the main and evidentiary facts that are subject to proof (establishment). An important component of proof is establishing the event of a criminal offense (Clause 1, Part 1, Article 91 of the Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine). The probative value of the time, place, method and other circumstances of the criminal offense was assessed. Time parameters characterize the moment of the intention to commit a criminal offense. The method of criminal offense is the actions of the criminal that naturally go through four phases of development: informational and search (reconnaissance), preparatory and organizational, operational and operational, and ensuring the concealment of traces of the criminal offense. The practice materials confirm the obligation to establish the form of guilt, motive and purpose of the offender (members of a criminal group). It has been established that in the Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine in clause 2, part 1, art. 91 of the Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine specifically states the guilt of the accused. The corresponding legislative construction does not fully correspond to the process of proof at the stage of the pre-trial investigation, since the accused is the person against whom the indictment was submitted to the court in accordance with the procedure provided for in Art. 291 of the CPC of Ukraine.
Keywords: In the article under the subject of proof in criminal proceedings about receiving an illegal benefit by an official, it is proposed to understand the totality (system) of circumstances that make up the main and evidentiary facts that are subject to proof (establishment). An important component of proof is establishing the event of a criminal offense (Clause 1, Part 1, Article 91 of the Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine). The probative value of the time, place, method and other circumstances of the criminal offense was assessed. Time parameters characterize the moment of the intention to commit a criminal offense. The method of criminal offense is the actions of the criminal that naturally go through four phases of development: informational and search (reconnaissance), preparatory and organizational, operational and operational, and ensuring the concealment of traces of the criminal offense. The practice materials confirm the obligation to establish the form of guilt, motive and purpose of the offender (members of a criminal group). It has been established that in the Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine in clause 2, part 1, art. 91 of the Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine specifically states the guilt of the accused. The corresponding legislative construction does not fully correspond to the process of proof at the stage of the pre-trial investigation, since the accused is the person against whom the indictment was submitted to the court in accordance with the procedure provided for in Art. 291 of the CPC of Ukraine.

PROCEDURAL ERRORS OF THE INVESTIGATOR DURING THE INSPECTION OF THE SCENE OF THE INCIDENT

Andriy Koloda

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Criminal Procedure and Forensics Academy of Advocacy of Ukraine (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-8348-8317
Anotation. The author investigates the legal nature of procedural errors made by the investigator during the inspection of the scene of the incident, which is distinguished from other types of investigative actions by its fundamental nature. In addition to the investigator, the subject composition, which has the right to conduct an inspection of the scene of the incident, must also include the inquirer and the prosecutor, who have the right and actually conduct this investigative action. Also, the procedure for providing voluntary consent of the owner and user of housing or other possessions of a person to conduct an inspection is rather vaguely regulated by the national legislator. The author of the article cites other procedural difficulties faced by the investigator during the inspection of the scene of the incident, which, both in the complex and separately from each other, do not contribute to reducing the probability of the prosecution making procedural errors.
Keywords: The author investigates the legal nature of procedural errors made by the investigator during the inspection of the scene of the incident, which is distinguished from other types of investigative actions by its fundamental nature. In addition to the investigator, the subject composition, which has the right to conduct an inspection of the scene of the incident, must also include the inquirer and the prosecutor, who have the right and actually conduct this investigative action. Also, the procedure for providing voluntary consent of the owner and user of housing or other possessions of a person to conduct an inspection is rather vaguely regulated by the national legislator. The author of the article cites other procedural difficulties faced by the investigator during the inspection of the scene of the incident, which, both in the complex and separately from each other, do not contribute to reducing the probability of the prosecution making procedural errors.

INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS AND DOMESTIC EXPERIENCE OF GOVERNING THE KEY ASPECTS OF NOMINATION AND APPOINTMENT OF BOARDS OF DIRECTORS OF STATE-OWNED AND MUNICIPAL-OWNED ENTERPRISES

Serhii Koreniev

Applicant at the Institution of Higher Education “International University of Business and Law” (Kherson, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0009-0009-5648-2591
Anotation. The author studies international standards of management of enterprises of state-owned and municipalowned enterprises relating to criteria and procedures for nomination and appointment of their heads and boards of directors. The article centers on experience of a wide variety of countries regarding implementation of these international standards, including those domestic policies establishing forms of implementation of the relevant appointment powers of the ownership entities of state-owned and municipal-owned stipulated for by the domestic law of different countries, approaches to solving the issue of the formation and directions of activity of special advisory bodies, etc. The methodological basis of this study is the comparative legal method, which made it possible to focus on the standards and recommendations for the legal regulation of the main aspects of the selection of heads and boards of directors of state-owned and municipalowned enterprises, which are developed on the international level, and the peculiarities of relevant experience of individual states, as well as the methods of analysis of the relevant legislative provisions, synthesis and generalization of the obtained scientific results.
Keywords: The author studies international standards of management of enterprises of state-owned and municipalowned enterprises relating to criteria and procedures for nomination and appointment of their heads and boards of directors. The article centers on experience of a wide variety of countries regarding implementation of these international standards, including those domestic policies establishing forms of implementation of the relevant appointment powers of the ownership entities of state-owned and municipal-owned stipulated for by the domestic law of different countries, approaches to solving the issue of the formation and directions of activity of special advisory bodies, etc. The methodological basis of this study is the comparative legal method, which made it possible to focus on the standards and recommendations for the legal regulation of the main aspects of the selection of heads and boards of directors of state-owned and municipalowned enterprises, which are developed on the international level, and the peculiarities of relevant experience of individual states, as well as the methods of analysis of the relevant legislative provisions, synthesis and generalization of the obtained scientific results.

DIVISION OF POWERS OF EXECUTIVE AUTHORITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT BODIES: TODAY'S CHALLENGES IN UKRAINE

Denys Moskal

Applicant of the Department of Administrative, Criminal Law and Procedure International University of Business and Law (Kherson, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0009-0009-9397-1255
Anotation. The purpose of the scientific article is to characterize the demarcation of powers of the executive power and local self-government bodies and the challenges of today in Ukraine, which have arisen under the conditions of martial law. It was determined that in Ukraine at the local regional level there is a coexistence of two subsystems of public administration - the system of local state administrations and the system of local self-government bodies. It is emphasized that the existence of two subsystems of public administration, the implementation of the functions of the state and local self-government, requires the establishment of effective interaction between them, in order to ensure the effective regulation of the needs of territorial communities and private individuals in compliance with the requirements and interests of the state. It was determined that the implementation of the balance of powers between the bodies of the Council of Ministers and the bodies of the state executive power requires the resolution of a number of problems that exist and are caused by both objective and subjective factors of influence. The objective factors that shape the balance of powers between the bodies of the Council of Ministers and the territorial administrations of the Central Committee of Ukraine and the Ministry of Internal Affairs include the following: administrative-territorial system, political perception of the idea of decentralization or centralization of power in certain regions of Ukraine; ambiguity and polysemantic interpretation of the content of the powers of powerful subjects, which is often associated with the absence or imperfection of regulatory regulation of the scope of competences of administrative bodies in various spheres of public life. It is substantiated that the lack of a clear demarcation and ratio of powers of the MC bodies and territorial bodies of the state executive power leads to problems in the implementation of interaction between them in various spheres - informational, financial, ecological, natural resources, etc.. It was determined that one of the most significant and painful problems of the exercise of powers by the bodies of the MC in relation to the functioning of the territorial bodies of the state executive power is the issue of the formation of appropriate budget funds, i.e. the issue of the implementation of the concept of financial decentralization.
Keywords: The purpose of the scientific article is to characterize the demarcation of powers of the executive power and local self-government bodies and the challenges of today in Ukraine, which have arisen under the conditions of martial law. It was determined that in Ukraine at the local regional level there is a coexistence of two subsystems of public administration - the system of local state administrations and the system of local self-government bodies. It is emphasized that the existence of two subsystems of public administration, the implementation of the functions of the state and local self-government, requires the establishment of effective interaction between them, in order to ensure the effective regulation of the needs of territorial communities and private individuals in compliance with the requirements and interests of the state. It was determined that the implementation of the balance of powers between the bodies of the Council of Ministers and the bodies of the state executive power requires the resolution of a number of problems that exist and are caused by both objective and subjective factors of influence. The objective factors that shape the balance of powers between the bodies of the Council of Ministers and the territorial administrations of the Central Committee of Ukraine and the Ministry of Internal Affairs include the following: administrative-territorial system, political perception of the idea of decentralization or centralization of power in certain regions of Ukraine; ambiguity and polysemantic interpretation of the content of the powers of powerful subjects, which is often associated with the absence or imperfection of regulatory regulation of the scope of competences of administrative bodies in various spheres of public life. It is substantiated that the lack of a clear demarcation and ratio of powers of the MC bodies and territorial bodies of the state executive power leads to problems in the implementation of interaction between them in various spheres - informational, financial, ecological, natural resources, etc.. It was determined that one of the most significant and painful problems of the exercise of powers by the bodies of the MC in relation to the functioning of the territorial bodies of the state executive power is the issue of the formation of appropriate budget funds, i.e. the issue of the implementation of the concept of financial decentralization.

PECULIARITIES OF THE LEGAL STATUS OF INFORMATION SECURITY SUBJECTS

Ivan Nedokhliebov

Postgraduate Student at the Department ofConstitutional and Administrative Law Zaporizhzhia National University (Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0009-0006-9450-2379
Anotation. In the article, a comprehensive legal analysis of the system of entities providing information security in Ukraine is carried out. It is proposed to divide all subjects of information security, depending on their legal status, into three groups: strategic subjects (determine conceptual issues of ensuring information security); administrative entities (directly responsible for the implementation of state information security strategies); controlling entities (ensure compliance with information security legislation). It has been proven that the diversity of individual types of information activity excludes the practical possibility of combining all powers within the framework of a specific authority responsible for the information security of the state. The author notes that a promising direction in modern conditions is the coordination of the interaction of state and non-state subjects of information security within the framework of a single mechanism of information governance. It is assumed that this mechanism provides for granting the public the maximum amount of rights and involving it in cooperation at all levels of information security (state, society, individual).
Keywords: In the article, a comprehensive legal analysis of the system of entities providing information security in Ukraine is carried out. It is proposed to divide all subjects of information security, depending on their legal status, into three groups: strategic subjects (determine conceptual issues of ensuring information security); administrative entities (directly responsible for the implementation of state information security strategies); controlling entities (ensure compliance with information security legislation). It has been proven that the diversity of individual types of information activity excludes the practical possibility of combining all powers within the framework of a specific authority responsible for the information security of the state. The author notes that a promising direction in modern conditions is the coordination of the interaction of state and non-state subjects of information security within the framework of a single mechanism of information governance. It is assumed that this mechanism provides for granting the public the maximum amount of rights and involving it in cooperation at all levels of information security (state, society, individual).

FEATURES AND GROUNDS OF PUBLIC-LEGAL RELATIONS IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE OPERATIVE AND SEARCH FUNCTION AS A DIRECTION OF THE ADMINISTRATIVE ACTIVITY OF THE NATIONAL POLICE OF UKRAINE

Volodymyr Ogurchenko

Candidate of Legal Sciences, Doctoral Student Dnipropetrovsk State University of Internal Affairs (Dnipro, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0009-0008-1752-9740
Anotation. The article analyzes the public-legal relations in the implementation of the operational-investigative function as a direction of the administrative activity of the National Police of Ukraine, which are the relations between the National Police of Ukraine, as a subject of public administration, and other legal entities that arise in the process of implementing operational-investigative activities . It was established that such relations are characterized by the following features: 1) a specific subject compositin (the National Police of Ukraine, as a subject of public administration, and other legal subjects, including state bodies, local self-government bodies, participate in these relations citizens, legal entities); 2) the subject of the relationship is operative investigative activity aimed at preventing, detecting, stopping and solving crimes; 3) the purpose of relations is to ensure the safety of citizens, society and the state; 4) the content is the administrative powers of the units of the National Police of Ukraine in the implementation of the operative and investigative function. The grounds of public-legal relations in the implementation of the operative-investigative function as a direction of the administrative activity of the National Police of Ukraine have been singled out.
Keywords: The article analyzes the public-legal relations in the implementation of the operational-investigative function as a direction of the administrative activity of the National Police of Ukraine, which are the relations between the National Police of Ukraine, as a subject of public administration, and other legal entities that arise in the process of implementing operational-investigative activities . It was established that such relations are characterized by the following features: 1) a specific subject compositin (the National Police of Ukraine, as a subject of public administration, and other legal subjects, including state bodies, local self-government bodies, participate in these relations citizens, legal entities); 2) the subject of the relationship is operative investigative activity aimed at preventing, detecting, stopping and solving crimes; 3) the purpose of relations is to ensure the safety of citizens, society and the state; 4) the content is the administrative powers of the units of the National Police of Ukraine in the implementation of the operative and investigative function. The grounds of public-legal relations in the implementation of the operative-investigative function as a direction of the administrative activity of the National Police of Ukraine have been singled out.

REVISION OF COURT DECISIONS AS A TOOL FOR COMBATING CORRUPTION IN THE ADMINISTRATIVE JUDICIARY OF UKRAINE

Olena Osipova

Doctor of Philosophy in Law, Judge Sumy District Administrative Court (Sumy, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-6289-5581
Anotation. In the scientific article, the author conducts an analysis of the current procedural legislation of Ukraine regarding the review of court decisions of the courts of appeal in the cassation procedure and, applying historical and comparative research methods, comes to the conclusion that the legislative limitation of the right to cassation appeal contains certain corruption risks. In order to counteract corruption by appellate judges in the process of reviewing appeals, it is proposed to provide for a special procedural anti-corruption mechanism with the participation of judges of the first instance, who will be given the right to initiate review of court decisions of the appellate court in the revision procedure in cases defined by law. For this purpose, procedural codes should be supplemented with a separate section "Revision of court decisions in the revision procedure", in which separate articles will write out the right of judges to initiate revision, cases, procedure, limits and results of review of court decisions in the revision procedure.
Keywords: In the scientific article, the author conducts an analysis of the current procedural legislation of Ukraine regarding the review of court decisions of the courts of appeal in the cassation procedure and, applying historical and comparative research methods, comes to the conclusion that the legislative limitation of the right to cassation appeal contains certain corruption risks. In order to counteract corruption by appellate judges in the process of reviewing appeals, it is proposed to provide for a special procedural anti-corruption mechanism with the participation of judges of the first instance, who will be given the right to initiate review of court decisions of the appellate court in the revision procedure in cases defined by law. For this purpose, procedural codes should be supplemented with a separate section "Revision of court decisions in the revision procedure", in which separate articles will write out the right of judges to initiate revision, cases, procedure, limits and results of review of court decisions in the revision procedure.

LEGAL ADMINISTRATIVE ENSURING THE FORMATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE POLICY IN THE SPHERE OF NOTARIAT UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF MARITAL STATE

Oksana Pylypenko

recipient of the Department of Administration, criminal law and process International University of Business and Law (Kherson, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0009-0007-5570-8179
Anotation. The article is devoted to the coverage of issues related to the establishment of the features of administrative and legal support for the formation and implementation of state policy in the field of notary in the conditions of martial law by determining the essence of state policy in the field of notary, establishing the state of its administrative and legal support, as well as the consequences of the influence of determinants modern state formation. The components of state policy in the field of notarial services are highlighted: 1) formation of prerequisites for the implementation of notarial activities; 2) ensuring the proper performance of notarial activities; accompanying material and technical support of notarial activities. It was concluded that the direction of administrative and legal provision on social relations related to the formation and implementation of state policy in the field of notary depends on the entity that carries out power-administrative activities in the field of notary and the form of external consolidation of the legal regulator applied by it. It has been established that the direction of administrative and legal provision on social relations related to the formation and implementation of state policy in the field of notary depends on the entity that carries out power-administrative activities in the field of notary and the form of external consolidation of the legal regulator applied by it. Changes to the legislation are proposed, which will contribute to the improvement of administrative and legal support for the formation and implementation of state policy in the field of notary.
Keywords: The article is devoted to the coverage of issues related to the establishment of the features of administrative and legal support for the formation and implementation of state policy in the field of notary in the conditions of martial law by determining the essence of state policy in the field of notary, establishing the state of its administrative and legal support, as well as the consequences of the influence of determinants modern state formation. The components of state policy in the field of notarial services are highlighted: 1) formation of prerequisites for the implementation of notarial activities; 2) ensuring the proper performance of notarial activities; accompanying material and technical support of notarial activities. It was concluded that the direction of administrative and legal provision on social relations related to the formation and implementation of state policy in the field of notary depends on the entity that carries out power-administrative activities in the field of notary and the form of external consolidation of the legal regulator applied by it. It has been established that the direction of administrative and legal provision on social relations related to the formation and implementation of state policy in the field of notary depends on the entity that carries out power-administrative activities in the field of notary and the form of external consolidation of the legal regulator applied by it. Changes to the legislation are proposed, which will contribute to the improvement of administrative and legal support for the formation and implementation of state policy in the field of notary.

LEGAL REGULATION OF LIFE IMPRISONMENT IN THE USA AND UKRAINE: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

Maksym Soroka

Graduate Student of the Department of Administrative and Criminal Law Oles Honchar Dnipro National University (Dnipro, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0009-0000-5229-1063
Anotation. It is indicated that in many countries of the world, life imprisonment is the most severe type of punishment, which is applied to persons who have committed the most serious criminal crimes. It is noted that, in general, researchers define life imprisonment as a type of punishment that gives the state the right to keep a prisoner in prison for life, that is, until death. The classification of life imprisonment as a type of criminal punishment developed by British and Ukrainian scientists is presented. It is emphasized that the USA is one of the most developed countries in the world with fairly strict and harsh criminal penalties applied to persons who commit crimes. It has been established that, in accordance with the Criminal Code of Ukraine, life imprisonment in Ukraine is established for the commission of particularly serious crimes. The proposal to solve the problematic aspects of the application of life imprisonment in Ukraine based on borrowing the experience of the USA, in particular regarding the introduction of parole – early release from serving a sentence in the form of life imprisonment, is substantiated. Following the example of the United States, it is proposed to create Commissions for conditional early release of persons serving life sentences in Ukraine.
Keywords: It is indicated that in many countries of the world, life imprisonment is the most severe type of punishment, which is applied to persons who have committed the most serious criminal crimes. It is noted that, in general, researchers define life imprisonment as a type of punishment that gives the state the right to keep a prisoner in prison for life, that is, until death. The classification of life imprisonment as a type of criminal punishment developed by British and Ukrainian scientists is presented. It is emphasized that the USA is one of the most developed countries in the world with fairly strict and harsh criminal penalties applied to persons who commit crimes. It has been established that, in accordance with the Criminal Code of Ukraine, life imprisonment in Ukraine is established for the commission of particularly serious crimes. The proposal to solve the problematic aspects of the application of life imprisonment in Ukraine based on borrowing the experience of the USA, in particular regarding the introduction of parole – early release from serving a sentence in the form of life imprisonment, is substantiated. Following the example of the United States, it is proposed to create Commissions for conditional early release of persons serving life sentences in Ukraine.

CONCEPTS OF UNDERSTANDING GUILT IN ADMINISTRATIVE-DELICIT LEGAL RELATIONS

Vadym Chervonopyskyi

External Postgraduate Student at the Department of Administrative and Criminal Law and Procedure, International University of Business and Law
ORCID ID: 0009-0001-5609-3897
Anotation. The purpose of the article is to characterize the concepts of understanding guilt in administrative-delict legal relations. The author emphasizes that the definition of the content and essence of guilt as an element of the mechanism of legal responsibility is an actual topic of modern jurisprudence. The author found out that within the tort legislation of Ukraine, the dominant approach to understanding guilt is the mental attitude of a person to the committed act, which creates obstacles to the introduction of norms that establish the responsibility of a legal entity as a subject of administrativetortious legal relations. It is emphasized that it is important from the point of view of the formation of the author’s concept of guilt as an administrative-delict legal relationship to carry out a review of scientific publications in related fields, in particular, administrative and financial law. It is emphasized that the implementation of administrative-legal and financial-legal research on the issues of establishing the content and essence of guilt as a condition of administrative responsibility is aimed at solving the problem of finding ways to ensure the effectiveness of prevention of offenses arising as a result of the illegal activity of a legal entity. The author concluded that the understanding of guilt within the limits of tort law results from the application of such scientific and theoretical concepts as the concept of psychological theory and the concept of behavioral theory. The author argued that according to the content of the psychological theory of guilt, its essence consists in establishing a certain emotional state of a person, being in which the individual negatively evaluates the effectiveness of his actions, inaction, or decisions made. The author emphasizes that the main shortcoming of the psychological theory of guilt is that it does not reflect the contextual and sociocultural determinants of guilt that are important in the legal sphere. The author argues that according to the behavioral theory, guilt refers to the objective elements of tortious legal relations and should be defined as compliance with the requirements of legality, which characterizes the activity of both a legal entity and an individual.
Keywords: The purpose of the article is to characterize the concepts of understanding guilt in administrative-delict legal relations. The author emphasizes that the definition of the content and essence of guilt as an element of the mechanism of legal responsibility is an actual topic of modern jurisprudence. The author found out that within the tort legislation of Ukraine, the dominant approach to understanding guilt is the mental attitude of a person to the committed act, which creates obstacles to the introduction of norms that establish the responsibility of a legal entity as a subject of administrativetortious legal relations. It is emphasized that it is important from the point of view of the formation of the author’s concept of guilt as an administrative-delict legal relationship to carry out a review of scientific publications in related fields, in particular, administrative and financial law. It is emphasized that the implementation of administrative-legal and financial-legal research on the issues of establishing the content and essence of guilt as a condition of administrative responsibility is aimed at solving the problem of finding ways to ensure the effectiveness of prevention of offenses arising as a result of the illegal activity of a legal entity. The author concluded that the understanding of guilt within the limits of tort law results from the application of such scientific and theoretical concepts as the concept of psychological theory and the concept of behavioral theory. The author argued that according to the content of the psychological theory of guilt, its essence consists in establishing a certain emotional state of a person, being in which the individual negatively evaluates the effectiveness of his actions, inaction, or decisions made. The author emphasizes that the main shortcoming of the psychological theory of guilt is that it does not reflect the contextual and sociocultural determinants of guilt that are important in the legal sphere. The author argues that according to the behavioral theory, guilt refers to the objective elements of tortious legal relations and should be defined as compliance with the requirements of legality, which characterizes the activity of both a legal entity and an individual.

FEATURES OF THE DETERMINATION OF THE CIRCUMSTANCES TO BE ESTABLISHED DURING THE INVESTIGATION OF WAR CRIMES IN UKRAINE

Kateryna Shevchyshena

Postgraduate Student of the Research Institute of Public Law (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-7768-845X
Anotation. The article examines the main aspects of the initial stage of the investigation of war crimes in Ukraine, during which the investigator establishes and examines all the circumstances of criminal-legal and criminal-procedural significance. On the basis of investigative and judicial practice, the main sources of obtaining information about the commission of a war crime were established: statements and reports received from citizens (witnesses, eyewitnesses, victims); materials of law enforcement agencies, servicemen of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, public associations and human rights organizations, mass media, Internet, mass media publications, from materials investigations separated from other criminal proceedings. It is argued that certain information at the initial stage of the investigation of war crimes in Ukraine is established through the collection of primary information, consisting in the identification of eyewitnesses, witnesses and victims, with the initial receipt of information from them about the event of a war crime, inspection of the scene of the event, work-out of the surrounding territory on the fact of the trace picture (establishment of traces), identification of the criminal and his further search.
Keywords: The article examines the main aspects of the initial stage of the investigation of war crimes in Ukraine, during which the investigator establishes and examines all the circumstances of criminal-legal and criminal-procedural significance. On the basis of investigative and judicial practice, the main sources of obtaining information about the commission of a war crime were established: statements and reports received from citizens (witnesses, eyewitnesses, victims); materials of law enforcement agencies, servicemen of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, public associations and human rights organizations, mass media, Internet, mass media publications, from materials investigations separated from other criminal proceedings. It is argued that certain information at the initial stage of the investigation of war crimes in Ukraine is established through the collection of primary information, consisting in the identification of eyewitnesses, witnesses and victims, with the initial receipt of information from them about the event of a war crime, inspection of the scene of the event, work-out of the surrounding territory on the fact of the trace picture (establishment of traces), identification of the criminal and his further search.

TASKS AND FUNCTIONS OF APPEAL COURTS IN UKRAINE IN THE CONTEXT OF ENSURING HUMAN AND CITIZEN RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS

Natalya Shust

Postgraduate Student of the Department of Public Management and Administration National Academy of Internal Affairs (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0009-0008-1934-9583
Anotation. In the article, the author, on the basis of the positions and opinions of scientists, summarizes the understanding of what is the content of the tasks and functions of the courts of appeal in Ukraine in the context of ensuring the rights and freedoms of a person and a citizen. The position is argued that, based on the regulated provisions, the most accurate and meaningful wording regarding the definition of the tasks of the courts of appeal in administrative proceedings can only be the detailing of the specified norms according to various features and structural features that depend on the level of the court - such as the appellate administrative court, as well as from the stage of the judicial process at which the latter carries out its activities. It is substantiated that the administrative-legal model of the functioning of the judicial system of Great Britain clearly demonstrates that, taking into account the complexity of the functioning of the corresponding system, the polyvariability of its application, as well as a number of those important directions of human rights protection and law enforcement of society, which are provided in the administrative-legal order, the definition of a clear and meaningful the list of tasks of such activity is fundamental from the point of view of intra-organizational activity, and the definition and meaningful filling, as well as the development of a mechanism for the implementation of clearly formulated functions in practice, is an even more priority goal. The established position that tasks, as an element of the administrative-legal status of a state authority, act as general legal restrictions on the implementation of non-competent activities and require, in our opinion, serious attention from scientists and researchers. In addition, functions are one of the few theoretical and legal categories that directly relate to the structure of the legal status of the body and are clearly defined in the legislation of Ukraine, its separate norms and provisions.
Keywords: In the article, the author, on the basis of the positions and opinions of scientists, summarizes the understanding of what is the content of the tasks and functions of the courts of appeal in Ukraine in the context of ensuring the rights and freedoms of a person and a citizen. The position is argued that, based on the regulated provisions, the most accurate and meaningful wording regarding the definition of the tasks of the courts of appeal in administrative proceedings can only be the detailing of the specified norms according to various features and structural features that depend on the level of the court - such as the appellate administrative court, as well as from the stage of the judicial process at which the latter carries out its activities. It is substantiated that the administrative-legal model of the functioning of the judicial system of Great Britain clearly demonstrates that, taking into account the complexity of the functioning of the corresponding system, the polyvariability of its application, as well as a number of those important directions of human rights protection and law enforcement of society, which are provided in the administrative-legal order, the definition of a clear and meaningful the list of tasks of such activity is fundamental from the point of view of intra-organizational activity, and the definition and meaningful filling, as well as the development of a mechanism for the implementation of clearly formulated functions in practice, is an even more priority goal. The established position that tasks, as an element of the administrative-legal status of a state authority, act as general legal restrictions on the implementation of non-competent activities and require, in our opinion, serious attention from scientists and researchers. In addition, functions are one of the few theoretical and legal categories that directly relate to the structure of the legal status of the body and are clearly defined in the legislation of Ukraine, its separate norms and provisions.

PROCEDURAL FORM OF CASE CONSIDERATION ADMINISTRATIVE COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE

Iryna Lytvyniuk

External Postgraduate Student at the International University of Business and Law (Kherson, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0009-0001-3752-0363
Anotation. The article analyses the procedural form of the case consideration by the administrative court of the first instance. It was found that the judicial administrative process is implemented in a certain procedural form according to the established order (sequence), characterized by stages. The procedural form of administrative proceedings implies the need to take into account certain rules of administration of justice, including the specifics of proof and the principle of official investigation of all the circumstances of the case. The procedure for consideration of a case in administrative proceedings requires compliance with the standardized algorithm of actions of the court and participants in the administrative process in accordance with the defined procedural form. This is aimed at achieving an impartial, fair and timely resolution of cases by the court in the field of public-legal relations for the effective protection of the rights and interests of legal entities, the rights, freedoms and interests of natural persons from violations by subjects of authority.
Keywords: The article analyses the procedural form of the case consideration by the administrative court of the first instance. It was found that the judicial administrative process is implemented in a certain procedural form according to the established order (sequence), characterized by stages. The procedural form of administrative proceedings implies the need to take into account certain rules of administration of justice, including the specifics of proof and the principle of official investigation of all the circumstances of the case. The procedure for consideration of a case in administrative proceedings requires compliance with the standardized algorithm of actions of the court and participants in the administrative process in accordance with the defined procedural form. This is aimed at achieving an impartial, fair and timely resolution of cases by the court in the field of public-legal relations for the effective protection of the rights and interests of legal entities, the rights, freedoms and interests of natural persons from violations by subjects of authority.

CONCEPTUAL APPROACHES TO DEFINING THE CONCEPT OF “PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION” AS A CATEGORY OF ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Olga Nabokova

postgraduate student of the Department of Constitutional and Administrative Law of the Zaporizhia National University (Zaporizhia, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0009-0003-3974-3055
Anotation. The article proposes the author's concept of public administration, which is based on three main postulates: 1) public administration is an external organizing activity carried out by subjects of executive power and local selfgovernment; 2) public administration as an "externally oriented activity" that is aimed at implementing the provisions of the Constitution and laws of Ukraine is manifested in two spheres – in the state (as an activity that is in the mechanism of the distribution of state power, inherent exclusively to the executive branch of power) and in non-state (as an external organizing activity of local self-government bodies and their public servants); 3) public administration is a systemforming category of administrative law. It is suggested that the subject of administrative law include: a) public relations in the sphere of implementation of public administration; b) intra-organizational (intra-management) relations that take place among public-authority subjects (subordination relations, official relations, etc.); c) administrative-delict relations, if the subject of administrative-jurisdictional activity is not the bodies (their officials) of executive power and local selfgovernment, but other public-authority subjects (for example, the Supreme Court, higher specialized courts, etc.) ; d) social relations formed during the consideration of public legal disputes by administrative courts. It has been proven that if the term "public administration" is used to define a public-authority participant in administrative legal relations, then subjects of administrative law can be classified into three types: 1) public administrations – subjects of public administration and other public-authority subjects , who in the cases provided for by national legislation can be participants in administrative and legal relations (the President of Ukraine, the Security Service of Ukraine, the prosecutor's office, etc.); 2) public servants as participants in intra-organizational (intra-management) relations in public authorities; 3) private individuals.
Keywords: The article proposes the author's concept of public administration, which is based on three main postulates: 1) public administration is an external organizing activity carried out by subjects of executive power and local selfgovernment; 2) public administration as an "externally oriented activity" that is aimed at implementing the provisions of the Constitution and laws of Ukraine is manifested in two spheres – in the state (as an activity that is in the mechanism of the distribution of state power, inherent exclusively to the executive branch of power) and in non-state (as an external organizing activity of local self-government bodies and their public servants); 3) public administration is a systemforming category of administrative law. It is suggested that the subject of administrative law include: a) public relations in the sphere of implementation of public administration; b) intra-organizational (intra-management) relations that take place among public-authority subjects (subordination relations, official relations, etc.); c) administrative-delict relations, if the subject of administrative-jurisdictional activity is not the bodies (their officials) of executive power and local selfgovernment, but other public-authority subjects (for example, the Supreme Court, higher specialized courts, etc.) ; d) social relations formed during the consideration of public legal disputes by administrative courts. It has been proven that if the term "public administration" is used to define a public-authority participant in administrative legal relations, then subjects of administrative law can be classified into three types: 1) public administrations – subjects of public administration and other public-authority subjects , who in the cases provided for by national legislation can be participants in administrative and legal relations (the President of Ukraine, the Security Service of Ukraine, the prosecutor's office, etc.); 2) public servants as participants in intra-organizational (intra-management) relations in public authorities; 3) private individuals.

CONCEPT AND ESSENCE OF METHODS OF COMMITTING CRIMINAL OFFENSES IN THE BUDGET SPHERE

Viktor Didenko

External Postgraduate Student of the Research Award Institute of Public Law (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-6906-5017
Anotation. The scientific article is devoted to the study of modern methods of committing criminal offenses in the budgetary sphere, taking into account their full structure. On the basis of a thorough study of the legislative framework, as well as the scientific opinion of leading scientists on this topic, the method of committing a criminal offense in the budgetary sphere is defined, and their classification is indicated on various grounds. It is emphasized that these criminal offenses are characterized not only by the methods of crimes, but also by the technologies of criminal activity, which represent several interrelated acts qualified under several articles of the Criminal Code of Ukraine. Among the variety of ways of committing economic illegal activities, there are certain ways of committing criminal offenses that are characteristic only of budget enterprises, institutions, and organizations, such as unjustified accrual and payment of various benefits to an employee (salary, incentive payments); accrual and payment of various labor benefits to persons who do not actually work at the enterprise, institution, organization, but are documented as employees; use of premises, equipment, which is on the company's balance sheet, in one's own interests or in the interests of third parties, etc. The seizure of budget funds in the period of emergency situations (during martial law, pandemic) as a simplification of the purchase of goods of a certain category is considered..
Keywords: The scientific article is devoted to the study of modern methods of committing criminal offenses in the budgetary sphere, taking into account their full structure. On the basis of a thorough study of the legislative framework, as well as the scientific opinion of leading scientists on this topic, the method of committing a criminal offense in the budgetary sphere is defined, and their classification is indicated on various grounds. It is emphasized that these criminal offenses are characterized not only by the methods of crimes, but also by the technologies of criminal activity, which represent several interrelated acts qualified under several articles of the Criminal Code of Ukraine. Among the variety of ways of committing economic illegal activities, there are certain ways of committing criminal offenses that are characteristic only of budget enterprises, institutions, and organizations, such as unjustified accrual and payment of various benefits to an employee (salary, incentive payments); accrual and payment of various labor benefits to persons who do not actually work at the enterprise, institution, organization, but are documented as employees; use of premises, equipment, which is on the company's balance sheet, in one's own interests or in the interests of third parties, etc. The seizure of budget funds in the period of emergency situations (during martial law, pandemic) as a simplification of the purchase of goods of a certain category is considered..

CURRENT METHODS FOR SAFEGUARDING THE SOCIAL RIGHTS OF MILITARY PERSONNEL IN UKRAINE

Volodymyr Rekshinskiy

Applicant of the Volodymyr Dahl East Ukrainian National University (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0009-0000-4023-3456
Anotation. This article explores current methodologies for safeguarding the social rights of military personnel in Ukraine. It is determined that Ukraine employs a comprehensive array of methods for protecting social rights. This typological structure encompasses five principal strategies and procedures implemented by an authorized body within specific forms of social rights protection for military personnel. The initial method of protection involves acknowledging the social right and its extent, considering the temporary circumstances under which this subjective right arises, and situations where it may be infringed upon. The subsequent method focuses on halting actions that breach the social rights of military personnel, alongside implementing measures to prevent future violations. This approach specifically includes prohibiting actions or inactions that risk infringing upon the social rights of individual service members. The third method of protection entails reinstating appropriate conditions for military personnel to regain and exercise their infringed (nullified) social rights. The fourth method involves validating the illegality of actions and decisions (agreements) that directly led to the violation of military personnel's social rights. The fifth method encompasses compensating for harm and remedying damages resulting from the infringement of social rights. In the conclusions of the article, through an examination of the methods for safeguarding the social rights of military personnel in Ukraine, it is argued that within this framework, the protection of military personnel's social rights emerges as an endeavor of both the state and society, bearing significant social and legal implications — chiefly concerning the assurance of social security for military personnel. Therefore, this protection must be guaranteed, predominantly at the legal and institutional levels, not only through suitable effective forms but also via mechanisms for safeguarding social rights. Concurrently, the methods of protecting social rights facilitate the provision of safe social conditions for military personnel, who may be susceptible to social vulnerability resulting from violations of their social rights, along with related social risks and challenges. In this context, the necessity for adequate legal support for these protection methods arises, including their detailed regulation within a specialized legislative act aimed at ensuring the social security of military personnel.
Keywords: This article explores current methodologies for safeguarding the social rights of military personnel in Ukraine. It is determined that Ukraine employs a comprehensive array of methods for protecting social rights. This typological structure encompasses five principal strategies and procedures implemented by an authorized body within specific forms of social rights protection for military personnel. The initial method of protection involves acknowledging the social right and its extent, considering the temporary circumstances under which this subjective right arises, and situations where it may be infringed upon. The subsequent method focuses on halting actions that breach the social rights of military personnel, alongside implementing measures to prevent future violations. This approach specifically includes prohibiting actions or inactions that risk infringing upon the social rights of individual service members. The third method of protection entails reinstating appropriate conditions for military personnel to regain and exercise their infringed (nullified) social rights. The fourth method involves validating the illegality of actions and decisions (agreements) that directly led to the violation of military personnel's social rights. The fifth method encompasses compensating for harm and remedying damages resulting from the infringement of social rights. In the conclusions of the article, through an examination of the methods for safeguarding the social rights of military personnel in Ukraine, it is argued that within this framework, the protection of military personnel's social rights emerges as an endeavor of both the state and society, bearing significant social and legal implications — chiefly concerning the assurance of social security for military personnel. Therefore, this protection must be guaranteed, predominantly at the legal and institutional levels, not only through suitable effective forms but also via mechanisms for safeguarding social rights. Concurrently, the methods of protecting social rights facilitate the provision of safe social conditions for military personnel, who may be susceptible to social vulnerability resulting from violations of their social rights, along with related social risks and challenges. In this context, the necessity for adequate legal support for these protection methods arises, including their detailed regulation within a specialized legislative act aimed at ensuring the social security of military personnel.

PROBLEM ISSUES OF ENSURING THE LEGAL PRINCIPLES OF LAWYERS' ACTIVITIES, THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL ASPECTS

Oleksandr Yalovyi

Postgraduate Student of Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0009-0002-1395-6792
Anotation. The article examines the current problems of ensuring the legal basis of the activities of lawyers in Ukraine, taking into account theoretical and practical aspects. They draw attention to legislative acts and legal norms regulating advocacy, in particular the Law of Ukraine "On Advocacy and Advocacy". Special attention is paid to information and cyber security in advocacy. The measures necessary to ensure the security of client data and the preservation of attorney confidentiality are indicated. Recommendations are offered for the development of the theoretical foundations of information security in advocacy using international experience. In general, the article highlights the key aspects of the legal status of lawyers, problems and prospects of ensuring their activities in accordance with the law, other regulatory acts and ethical standards. An analysis of theoretical and practical aspects is presented, which makes this article useful for researchers, practicing lawyers and authorities who are interested in ensuring the effective and reliable activity of lawyers in the country's legal system.
Keywords: The article examines the current problems of ensuring the legal basis of the activities of lawyers in Ukraine, taking into account theoretical and practical aspects. They draw attention to legislative acts and legal norms regulating advocacy, in particular the Law of Ukraine "On Advocacy and Advocacy". Special attention is paid to information and cyber security in advocacy. The measures necessary to ensure the security of client data and the preservation of attorney confidentiality are indicated. Recommendations are offered for the development of the theoretical foundations of information security in advocacy using international experience. In general, the article highlights the key aspects of the legal status of lawyers, problems and prospects of ensuring their activities in accordance with the law, other regulatory acts and ethical standards. An analysis of theoretical and practical aspects is presented, which makes this article useful for researchers, practicing lawyers and authorities who are interested in ensuring the effective and reliable activity of lawyers in the country's legal system.

TO THE ISSUE OF LEGAL MONITORING OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTS

Olena Buts

advocate (Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0009-0005-2761-4680
Anotation. The article raises the issue of a new theoretical construction for domestic jurisprudence – legal monitoring of the effectiveness of law-enforcement acts. The latter is proposed to be considered as an independent and very important type of monitoring of legal practice – law enforcement practice. After all, the monitoring of the law is important only in the case when the effect of the normative legal act is evaluated in connection with law enforcement practice. The main approaches to the types of legal monitoring, which are separated into doctrinal and normative sources, are systematized. The characteristics of the studied phenomenon are analyzed, the author's definition of the concept of «monitoring the effectiveness of law-enforcement acts» is proposed. An attempt was made to determine the general principles and functions of legal monitoring of the effectiveness of law-enforcement acts. A conclusion was made about the need to involve civil society structures in the legal monitoring of the effectiveness of law-enforcement acts.
Keywords: The article raises the issue of a new theoretical construction for domestic jurisprudence – legal monitoring of the effectiveness of law-enforcement acts. The latter is proposed to be considered as an independent and very important type of monitoring of legal practice – law enforcement practice. After all, the monitoring of the law is important only in the case when the effect of the normative legal act is evaluated in connection with law enforcement practice. The main approaches to the types of legal monitoring, which are separated into doctrinal and normative sources, are systematized. The characteristics of the studied phenomenon are analyzed, the author's definition of the concept of «monitoring the effectiveness of law-enforcement acts» is proposed. An attempt was made to determine the general principles and functions of legal monitoring of the effectiveness of law-enforcement acts. A conclusion was made about the need to involve civil society structures in the legal monitoring of the effectiveness of law-enforcement acts.

THE STATE CRIMINAL AND EXECUTIVE SERVICE OF UKRAINE AS A SUBJECT OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE STATE POLICY ON THE PROTECTION OF STATE SECRETS

Denis Denyshchuk

Researcher of the research laboratory on the problems of pre-trial investigation Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-0285-8831
Anotation. In connection with the increasing importance of the protection of state secrets in today's conditions, the article examines the peculiarities of the modern regulatory and legal regulation of the activities of entities protecting state secrets in the State Criminal Enforcement Service of Ukraine. It has been proven that the State Criminal Enforcement Service of Ukraine is a subject of protection of state secrets, but at the same time it is not a single body, but a complex entity from a collection of various subjects. The study was carried out on the example of normative legal acts that regulate the activities of the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine, as the main body in the system of central executive bodies, which ensures the formation and implementation of state policy in the field of execution of criminal punishments, as well as acts that regulate the activities of the Department for Enforcement of criminal punishments - the body of the State Criminal Enforcement Service of Ukraine. It was determined that the activities of the specified bodies in the sphere of ensuring the protection of state secrets are regulated at the level of laws and by-laws. Some regulatory and legal imperfections were revealed. Variants of normative and legal changes are proposed, which can be used both in improving the current legislation and in further legislative work.
Keywords: In connection with the increasing importance of the protection of state secrets in today's conditions, the article examines the peculiarities of the modern regulatory and legal regulation of the activities of entities protecting state secrets in the State Criminal Enforcement Service of Ukraine. It has been proven that the State Criminal Enforcement Service of Ukraine is a subject of protection of state secrets, but at the same time it is not a single body, but a complex entity from a collection of various subjects. The study was carried out on the example of normative legal acts that regulate the activities of the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine, as the main body in the system of central executive bodies, which ensures the formation and implementation of state policy in the field of execution of criminal punishments, as well as acts that regulate the activities of the Department for Enforcement of criminal punishments - the body of the State Criminal Enforcement Service of Ukraine. It was determined that the activities of the specified bodies in the sphere of ensuring the protection of state secrets are regulated at the level of laws and by-laws. Some regulatory and legal imperfections were revealed. Variants of normative and legal changes are proposed, which can be used both in improving the current legislation and in further legislative work.

PRINCIPLES OF LEGAL REGULATION OF ENSURING THE RIGHTS AND LEGITIMATE INTERESTS OF CHILDREN IN UKRAINE

Oksana Cherniak

Lawyer, Graduate Student at the Department of Administrative Law, Intellectual Property and Civil-Legal Disciplines of the Kyiv University of Intellectual Property and Law, Odesa Law Academy (Odesa, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-0991-4477
Anotation. The study of children's rights requires a fundamental study of the principles on which the modern concept of children's rights and legitimate interests is based. Although the deep understanding of the need to care for offspring is almost as old as human civilization, the rights of children, in their current understanding, are the heritage of recent centuries and continue to undergo rapid transformations. Over the past century and a half, there has been a radical change in the fundamental principles of the perception of the child, his rights and legitimate interests. The principles of legal regulation of ensuring the rights and legitimate interests of children in Ukraine are changing, as is the legal culture of our country, being influenced by historical and social factors, among which the European integration processes occupy a special place, as well as technological changes associated with the irresistible spread of the latest achievements in the field of communications, bioengineering, etc. The article is devoted to the study of the main principles and ideological foundations of the legal regulation of ensuring the rights and legitimate interests of children in Ukraine at the current stage of their development. The main conclusions are formulated as follows: the principles of legal regulation of ensuring the rights and legitimate interests of children in Ukraine are characterized by dynamism, complexity and an individual approach; their development is influenced by the principles underlying the legal regulation of children's rights in the European legal space; the principles of legal regulation of ensuring the rights and legitimate interests of children should be taken into account, as desirable guidelines, by all those who, directly or indirectly, are involved in their creation or implementation - the state, competent local bodies, civil society organizations.
Keywords: The study of children's rights requires a fundamental study of the principles on which the modern concept of children's rights and legitimate interests is based. Although the deep understanding of the need to care for offspring is almost as old as human civilization, the rights of children, in their current understanding, are the heritage of recent centuries and continue to undergo rapid transformations. Over the past century and a half, there has been a radical change in the fundamental principles of the perception of the child, his rights and legitimate interests. The principles of legal regulation of ensuring the rights and legitimate interests of children in Ukraine are changing, as is the legal culture of our country, being influenced by historical and social factors, among which the European integration processes occupy a special place, as well as technological changes associated with the irresistible spread of the latest achievements in the field of communications, bioengineering, etc. The article is devoted to the study of the main principles and ideological foundations of the legal regulation of ensuring the rights and legitimate interests of children in Ukraine at the current stage of their development. The main conclusions are formulated as follows: the principles of legal regulation of ensuring the rights and legitimate interests of children in Ukraine are characterized by dynamism, complexity and an individual approach; their development is influenced by the principles underlying the legal regulation of children's rights in the European legal space; the principles of legal regulation of ensuring the rights and legitimate interests of children should be taken into account, as desirable guidelines, by all those who, directly or indirectly, are involved in their creation or implementation - the state, competent local bodies, civil society organizations.