Postgraduate student of the II-th year
of the Educational-Scientific Institute
of Law and Psychology National University of Lviv Polytechnic, Lviv, Ukraine
Anotation. National general theoretical jurisprudenceis experiencing a complex and contradictory period of its history. On the one hand, the collapse of totalitarianism andmethodological monism in the study of law and other legal phenomena, provided ample opportunities for the renewal of domestic law science, overcoming its long isolation from the European and world culture and legal theory. On the other hand, the transition from methodological monism to worldview methodological pluralism has led to complication of the process of perception of legal phenomena, one of the consequences of which was the eclectic combination of heterogeneous worldview principles and ideas from Marxist to neoliberal, which are badly interconnected. This creates inconsistencies of contradiction, which often do not meet the basic requirements for scientific theories. Before starting to studying, it is advisable in scientific research to decide onmethodological platforms, which enable to effectively implementthem, reflect its results with the adequately current conditions, and indicate the ways of their implementation in practice. The complexity lies, in fact, in the urgent need to develop completely new concepts of activity. Science, which should be formed on sound, theoretical and methodological basis, should playan important role in the development of such concepts. Thus, in order to determine the genuinenessof the created scientific knowledge, one should decide on the understanding of methodological platforms, which are fundamental to any study. In this regard, one should speak not about the crisis of domestic theoretical legal conscience and general theoretical jurisprudence, but "about the diseases of its growth", or rather, modernization. The construction of its integral, internally consistent system, the final release from the previous dogmatic representations - this is the case, apparently,of not a single generation of legal professional. Therefore,making no pretense to universality and conceptual completeness of the directions of modern law science, thementioned problems are caused,firstly, by peculiarities of the modern understanding of law as an instrument of justice in transient conditions of transformation of society; secondly, the plurality of legal cultures, the processes of geopolitical changes in general theoretical jurisprudence and the need for their adequate comprehension; thirdly, the search for ways to combine universal and unique in the development of domestic and world theoretical and legal thinking.
Keywords: law, methodology, jurisprudence,legal science, philosophy, statehood.