Candidate of Pedagogic Sciences Associate Professor
of the Department of theories and methods of teaching physics and astronomy of National Pedagogical Dragomanov University, (Kiev, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-6421-6877
Anotation. The subject of the article reveals the peculiarities of the development of the
natural science field of higher education of the Naddnipryanshchyna, which were conditioned by
the historical events of the XIX century and affected the gradual development of education. The
influence of internal and external socio-cultural determinants, which were reflected in the
subjects’ differentiation of the future specialists’ educational process in natural and humanitarian
specialties, is detailed.
The subject of the study was the substantive content of extracurricular work in the context
of the best world educational traditions of the defined historical period.
The purpose of the article is to analyze the differentiated content of extracurricular form
of work through the prism of world educational traditions of the XIX century.
The research tools for the study were biographical, chronological and content,
incremental, historical, pedagogical and comparative methods.
The study of existing sources and database made it possible to establish that in the period
under the study there was no clear formal regulation as to what should be the didactic system of
the newly discovered universities of Naddnipryanshchyna. Progressive figures and teachers
actively worked on the development of ethnography-oriented content, forms, principles, methods
and means of education.
The analysis of the titled problem was based on the analysis of the best theoretical
developments of the studied epoch, which challenged the highly ideological pedagogical views
and beliefs of the professorial teaching staff. A rethinking of the subject was based on a holistic
axiological, humanistic, and personally-oriented study construct.
It was confirmed that the educational activity of the universities teachers under the study
was aimed at the diversification of the disciplines and forms of students' reporting, as well as at
the organization of aesthetic and environmental measures (excursions around the territory,
establishment of environment protection societies, etc.).
The conducted historical and pedagogical analysis shows, that for all the academic
disciplines that were taught at the universities of the Naddnipryanshchyna during the XIX
century, the system of face-to-face classes was characterized by relative unification.
Extracurricular activities and forms of student reporting for each subject were individual because
they reflected the specific character of each scientific discipline.
It is noted that the need for the formation of a local lore specialist of a specific social
system required from the representatives of universities to correlate the components of the
process of regional studies and professional training with the tasks of teaching and education. It
was proved that the activity of teachers was based on the idea of individual development, civil
and national consciousness and responsibility. It is highlighted that such progressiveness of views often suffered considerable harassment on the part of the current political leaders of the
day, but did not devalue under the influence of destructive processes of that time.
Printed material confirm that teachers activities of Naddnipryanshchyna universities
during the studied period not only directed the study of local studies and education of student
youth, but also became one of the factors of national pedagogy development. Local lore content
of pedagogical activity of the studied educational institutions representatives was based on the
training of highly skilled specialists and the education of true patriots. The importance of natural
sciences for a more profound rethinking of the physical and geographical features of their native
land, which was correlated with patriotic and aesthetic education in the period under study, was
Subsequently, the content of the scientific and pedagogical searches of graduates proved
the importance and fundamental meaning of the theoretical and practical directions of local lore
and pedagogical activity, which was carried out by their scientific mentors - teachers.
Keywords: extra-curriculum work, student youth, Naddnipryanshchyna, socio-cultural process.