Journal №5 (33) vol. 1 / 2020|KELM

LIST OF FILES

USING THEATRICAL METHODS FOR NURTURING UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

Nataliia Barvina

Senior Lecturer at the Department of Foreign Languages and Professional Communication
Volodymyr Dahl East Ukrainian National University (Severodonetsk, Luhansk region, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3330-3406
Anotation. In the article the issue of using theatrical methods as a way of educating and upbringing university students is considered. The importance of including art in the nurturing process is stressed. The role of theatrical art as the tool of forming artistic-aesthetic needs and source of huge educational potential is shown. Students’ drama studio is defined as the perfect environment for combining theatrical and pedagogical worlds. The general methods of theater pedagogy combining teaching and education by means of theatrical art and their application in various types of classroom and extracurricular activities are described. Theatrical methods implementation as a means of teaching foreign language and culture in drama studio environment as well as in the classroom is regarded. The ability of theatrical art to solve urgent problems dealing with the human and professional qualities formation is proved. The significance of drama potential further investigation and use in the process of students’ socio-cultural upbringing is emphasized.
Keywords: In the article the issue of using theatrical methods as a way of educating and upbringing university students is considered. The importance of including art in the nurturing process is stressed. The role of theatrical art as the tool of forming artistic-aesthetic needs and source of huge educational potential is shown. Students’ drama studio is defined as the perfect environment for combining theatrical and pedagogical worlds. The general methods of theater pedagogy combining teaching and education by means of theatrical art and their application in various types of classroom and extracurricular activities are described. Theatrical methods implementation as a means of teaching foreign language and culture in drama studio environment as well as in the classroom is regarded. The ability of theatrical art to solve urgent problems dealing with the human and professional qualities formation is proved. The significance of drama potential further investigation and use in the process of students’ socio-cultural upbringing is emphasized.

SOCIO-PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS OF FORMATION OF POLYPROFESSIONAL MOBILITY OF FUTURE SOCIAL WORKERS IN THE CONDITIONS OF EUROPEAN

Marianna Bilozerova, Yuliia Chernetska

Marianna Bilozerova, Postgraduate Student, Lecturer at the Department of Social Work Municipal Establishment “Kharkiv Humanitarian Pedagogical Academy” of Kharkiv Regional Council (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
Yuliia Chernetska, Professor at the Department of Social Work Municipal Establishment “Kharkiv Humanitarian Pedagogical Academy” of Kharkiv Regional Council (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3489-9662, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-0758-1747
Anotation. The system of social and pedagogical conditions of formation of polyprofessional mobility of future social workers in the conditions of European integration is substantiated in the article. The content of socio-pedagogical conditions is revealed, which are as follows: 1) motivation of future social workers for self-development of personal and professional qualities necessary for the implementation of polyprofessional mobility; 2) creation of a positive practice-oriented social and educational environment in the institution of higher education for the realization of personal and professional qualities of future social workers; 3) establishing cooperation with various social institutions of the macro-environment, taking into account the European experience to ensure interdisciplinarity in the training of future social workers in the institution of higher education. Modern dimensions (trends) of international development, which determine the integration processes in education (European educational area) are characterized. It is proved that the formation of polyprofessional mobility is directly related to the creation of a certain environment in the institution of higher education, which would provide training for future social workers, within their competencies related to the need to implement knowledge, skills, economic, legal, psychological, pedagogical, medical areas, readiness for self-improvement to respond quickly to emerging circumstances, as well as the ability to reproduce, the experience of providing social services in accordance with the needs of different groups of clients.
Keywords: The system of social and pedagogical conditions of formation of polyprofessional mobility of future social workers in the conditions of European integration is substantiated in the article. The content of socio-pedagogical conditions is revealed, which are as follows: 1) motivation of future social workers for self-development of personal and professional qualities necessary for the implementation of polyprofessional mobility; 2) creation of a positive practice-oriented social and educational environment in the institution of higher education for the realization of personal and professional qualities of future social workers; 3) establishing cooperation with various social institutions of the macro-environment, taking into account the European experience to ensure interdisciplinarity in the training of future social workers in the institution of higher education. Modern dimensions (trends) of international development, which determine the integration processes in education (European educational area) are characterized. It is proved that the formation of polyprofessional mobility is directly related to the creation of a certain environment in the institution of higher education, which would provide training for future social workers, within their competencies related to the need to implement knowledge, skills, economic, legal, psychological, pedagogical, medical areas, readiness for self-improvement to respond quickly to emerging circumstances, as well as the ability to reproduce, the experience of providing social services in accordance with the needs of different groups of clients.

DEVELOPMENT OF CREATIVE THINKING BY MEANS OF PROJECT TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PROCESS OF FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCIES OF FUTURE PROFESSIONALS

Hanna Breslavska

Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Senior Lecturer at the Department of Primary Education
V. O. Sukhomlynskyi Mykolaiv National University (Mykolaiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-6144-4890
Anotation. The article considers the basics of project activities and means of influencing the development of creative thinking of project technologies in the process of forming professional competencies of future primary education specialists, analyzes the features of creative thinking through project activities in the educational environment of the university, describes the mechanism of project implementation. and project implementation. The peculiarities of the organization of project activity in the process of formation of professional competencies of future specialists of primary education are revealed, the expediency of using the project method as a way to achieve the goal in the educational process is determined. The author analyzes the concepts of “design” and “creativity”, “creative thinking” of the genesis of their origin and application in pedagogical practice. Emphasis is placed on the need for research on the use of creative project activities as a means of forming the professional competence of future primary education professionals.
Keywords: The article considers the basics of project activities and means of influencing the development of creative thinking of project technologies in the process of forming professional competencies of future primary education specialists, analyzes the features of creative thinking through project activities in the educational environment of the university, describes the mechanism of project implementation. and project implementation. The peculiarities of the organization of project activity in the process of formation of professional competencies of future specialists of primary education are revealed, the expediency of using the project method as a way to achieve the goal in the educational process is determined. The author analyzes the concepts of “design” and “creativity”, “creative thinking” of the genesis of their origin and application in pedagogical practice. Emphasis is placed on the need for research on the use of creative project activities as a means of forming the professional competence of future primary education professionals.

INTERACTION DESIGN OF A CITY

Oleksandr Boichuk, Oleksandr Fil

Oleksandr Boichuk, Candidate of Design Science, Professor, Professor at the Department of Design Kharkiv State Academy of Design and Arts (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
Oleksandr Fil, Postgraduate Student, Lecturer at the Department of Design Kharkiv State Academy of Design and Arts (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-5845-1256, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3063-1108
Anotation. There is a tendency in modern cities to produce space with smart features; this marks the emergence of new forms of urban processes. Furthermore, it involves a revision of the role of the citizen as an active creator of city space. The appearance of new forms of interaction generates issues that are related to developing new approaches for designing an interactive environment. The phenomenon of interactivity could give cities a new philosophy in the paradigm of the digital era. Existing architecture experience shows the effectiveness of interactive technologies as an additional layer of urban space, which opens new horizons in design and fills gaps in the urban fabric. Based on the scientific theory and realized examples of design, the article reveals the genesis of the development of humancity relations, as well as the place of interactive space in the structure of the city. The research analyzes intelligent technologies that were implemented in city design and outlines the prospects of interactivity as an integral part of the city environment.
Keywords: There is a tendency in modern cities to produce space with smart features; this marks the emergence of new forms of urban processes. Furthermore, it involves a revision of the role of the citizen as an active creator of city space. The appearance of new forms of interaction generates issues that are related to developing new approaches for designing an interactive environment. The phenomenon of interactivity could give cities a new philosophy in the paradigm of the digital era. Existing architecture experience shows the effectiveness of interactive technologies as an additional layer of urban space, which opens new horizons in design and fills gaps in the urban fabric. Based on the scientific theory and realized examples of design, the article reveals the genesis of the development of humancity relations, as well as the place of interactive space in the structure of the city. The research analyzes intelligent technologies that were implemented in city design and outlines the prospects of interactivity as an integral part of the city environment.

THE PHENOMENON OF COMICS IN UKRAINIAN CULTURE

Oksana Gaiduk

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Culturology and Information Communications
National Academy of Culture and Arts Management (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4043-3540
Anotation. In the provisions of the scientific article the author analyzes the Ukrainian segment of modern comic culture and the possibilities of introducing comics as special information products to mass Ukrainian culture. Since comics are a special socio-cultural phenomenon associated with the peculiarities of modern information processes, the research takes into account the state of prospects and the existence of comics in the culture of Ukraine as a separate literary and artistic genre.
Keywords: In the provisions of the scientific article the author analyzes the Ukrainian segment of modern comic culture and the possibilities of introducing comics as special information products to mass Ukrainian culture. Since comics are a special socio-cultural phenomenon associated with the peculiarities of modern information processes, the research takes into account the state of prospects and the existence of comics in the culture of Ukraine as a separate literary and artistic genre.

LAND ART OBJECTS ARE MADE OF METAL AS A TREND OF MODERN ART

Olga Galchynska, Liliia Navolska

Olga Galchynska, Postgraduate Student at the Faculty of Design Kyiv National University of Technologies and Design (Kyiv, Ukraine)
Liliia Navolska, Postgraduate Student at the Faculty of Design Kyiv National University of Technologies and Design (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3030-6911, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-0244-0371
Anotation. The purpose of the article is to research the methods of application of the wire-weaving technique (“drotarstvo”) used by the artists in the creation of Land Art objects. The methodological basis of the study is a systematic approach, methods of historical and comparative analysis, as well as art history analysis. The analysis of the methods of realization of Land Art objects made by means of the wire-weaving technique, which are used by the modern artists in their works, is carried out. It is found that the main aspects of the use of the wire-weaving technique are plasticity, durability, vandal resistance, and ease of use of materials. The methods of use of the wire-weaving technique and the concept of creation of art objects by giving the work its semantic components are researched; the creative approaches to the creation of art objects are determined. The scientific novelty lies in the study of the author’s artistic techniques and features of the creation of Land Art objects using the wire-weaving technique. Practical significance is realized in the systematization of the methods of creation of Land Art objects, made by means of the wire-weaving technique. The materials represented in the article can be used in scientific research on the Land Art in Ukraine and the world, the promotion of the traditional techniques of decorative and applied arts, as well as for further implementation in the author’s art projects.
Keywords: The purpose of the article is to research the methods of application of the wire-weaving technique (“drotarstvo”) used by the artists in the creation of Land Art objects. The methodological basis of the study is a systematic approach, methods of historical and comparative analysis, as well as art history analysis. The analysis of the methods of realization of Land Art objects made by means of the wire-weaving technique, which are used by the modern artists in their works, is carried out. It is found that the main aspects of the use of the wire-weaving technique are plasticity, durability, vandal resistance, and ease of use of materials. The methods of use of the wire-weaving technique and the concept of creation of art objects by giving the work its semantic components are researched; the creative approaches to the creation of art objects are determined. The scientific novelty lies in the study of the author’s artistic techniques and features of the creation of Land Art objects using the wire-weaving technique. Practical significance is realized in the systematization of the methods of creation of Land Art objects, made by means of the wire-weaving technique. The materials represented in the article can be used in scientific research on the Land Art in Ukraine and the world, the promotion of the traditional techniques of decorative and applied arts, as well as for further implementation in the author’s art projects.

ARCHETYPIZATION AND STREOTYPING AS UNIVERSAL MECHANIZMS OF CONCEPTUALIZATION OF HUMAN CONCIOUSNESS IN RELATED LANGUAGES

Olena Balaban

Candidate of Philology Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of General Linguistics and Germanic Studies
National Pedagogical Dragomanov University (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2104-6078
Anotation. The article presents the study of archetypization and stereotyping as universal mechanisms of conceptualization of human consciousness in such related languages as English, French, Ukrainian and Russian. The concepts of archetype and stereotype are defined and the history of their origin is investigated, as well as the universal mechanisms of archetypization and stereotyping are analyzed on the material of the concept «woman – femme – woman – woman»; there were also studied the etymology and taking into account the nuclear and peripheral components of the concept.
Keywords: The article presents the study of archetypization and stereotyping as universal mechanisms of conceptualization of human consciousness in such related languages as English, French, Ukrainian and Russian. The concepts of archetype and stereotype are defined and the history of their origin is investigated, as well as the universal mechanisms of archetypization and stereotyping are analyzed on the material of the concept «woman – femme – woman – woman»; there were also studied the etymology and taking into account the nuclear and peripheral components of the concept.

ARTISTIC INTERPRETATION OF THE PROBLEM OF CRIME AND VENGEANCE IN THE STORY “HORSE THIEF HONOUR” BY MYKHAILO GAFIA TRAISTA

Mariana Votkanych

Postgraduate Student, Lecturer at the Department of Ukrainian Literature
Uzhhorod National University (Uzhhorod, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4491-4635
Anotation. The article illustrates that criminal motives are an important plot-creating dominant of the artistic work of the Ukrainian writer Mykhailo Gafia Traista, based on the example of the story “Horse Thief Honour” included in the collection “Hutsul Soul” (Bucharest, 2008). This collection demonstrates the author’s interest in the topic of the crime, and the analyzed story focuses on the problem of crime and punishment for him through revenge. The philological methods of research, as well as, elements of receptive aesthetics and psychoanalysis are used in the article to consider the outlined problems. An attempt has been made to portray the images of two types of criminals who are driven by radically different motives: Yonchi Lupul commits lawlessness for the purpose of enrichment, and Ivan Kocherga commits genocide in the name of revenge. Means of psychologization of the text are considered. Prospects for further research by analyzing the works of art by M. Traista on criminal subjects are outlined.
Keywords: The article illustrates that criminal motives are an important plot-creating dominant of the artistic work of the Ukrainian writer Mykhailo Gafia Traista, based on the example of the story “Horse Thief Honour” included in the collection “Hutsul Soul” (Bucharest, 2008). This collection demonstrates the author’s interest in the topic of the crime, and the analyzed story focuses on the problem of crime and punishment for him through revenge. The philological methods of research, as well as, elements of receptive aesthetics and psychoanalysis are used in the article to consider the outlined problems. An attempt has been made to portray the images of two types of criminals who are driven by radically different motives: Yonchi Lupul commits lawlessness for the purpose of enrichment, and Ivan Kocherga commits genocide in the name of revenge. Means of psychologization of the text are considered. Prospects for further research by analyzing the works of art by M. Traista on criminal subjects are outlined.

SOME DETAILS TO THE PROSOPOGRAPHIC PORTRAIT OF ODESSA CITY MAYOR V. M. LIGIN

Viktoriia Herasymenko

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Ukrainian History of the Faculty of History and Philosophy
Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University (Odessa, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2859-0105
Anotation. Prosopography as a young special historical discipline provides more opportunities for researchers to get a profound examination of historical personalities. The study of the above-mentioned direction requires the use of all available sources and the creation of a specific prosopographic portrait, which would rediscover the well-known personalities. It is necessary to use historiographical achievements, official and private sources. The prosopographic portrait aims at revealing the personality in the context of the era and taking into account the importance of the person’s activity as a contribution to a particular field. This article presents the main milestones in the life and work of Valerian Mykolayovich Ligin – a world-famous mathematician and mechanic. The main focus lays on his Duma activities and the era of his heading Warsaw Educational District. The information about his educational activity as a teacher of mechanics and dean of the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of Imperial Novorossiya University is given in detail. The memoirs of V.M. Ligin’s contemporaries describing his activity are highlighted in the article for the first time. Due to the general research methods such as: analysis and synthesis, structural, comparative-and-historical methods, the details of the prosopographic portrait of Odessa mayor V.M. Ligin as a person, teacher and administrator have been thoroughly learned. The results of the given research indicate that V.M. Ligin’s activities had a modern, universal and progressive nature that contributed to the development of the city and state.
Keywords: Prosopography as a young special historical discipline provides more opportunities for researchers to get a profound examination of historical personalities. The study of the above-mentioned direction requires the use of all available sources and the creation of a specific prosopographic portrait, which would rediscover the well-known personalities. It is necessary to use historiographical achievements, official and private sources. The prosopographic portrait aims at revealing the personality in the context of the era and taking into account the importance of the person’s activity as a contribution to a particular field. This article presents the main milestones in the life and work of Valerian Mykolayovich Ligin – a world-famous mathematician and mechanic. The main focus lays on his Duma activities and the era of his heading Warsaw Educational District. The information about his educational activity as a teacher of mechanics and dean of the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of Imperial Novorossiya University is given in detail. The memoirs of V.M. Ligin’s contemporaries describing his activity are highlighted in the article for the first time. Due to the general research methods such as: analysis and synthesis, structural, comparative-and-historical methods, the details of the prosopographic portrait of Odessa mayor V.M. Ligin as a person, teacher and administrator have been thoroughly learned. The results of the given research indicate that V.M. Ligin’s activities had a modern, universal and progressive nature that contributed to the development of the city and state.

PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS DESIGNATING HUMAN EMOTIONAL STATE IN DMYTRO KESHELYA’S PROSAIC COMPOSITIONS

Mariіa Yatskiv

Master of Philology, Junior Lecturer at the Ukrainian Language Department, Head of the Centre of the Humanities and Educational Work, Career Guidance and Employment
Uzhhorod National University (Uzhhorod, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-8912-4592
Anotation. The article deals with the use of phrases designating human emotional state in prosaic compositions by modern Transcarpathian Ukrainian writer Dmytro Keshelya. The selected actual material is worked up by means of the descriptive method. Methods of contextual and componental analysis have been used in the article. It has been found out that the discourse of D. Keshelya’s works of art is a felicitous combination of literary speech with a Transcarpathian dialect. In the process of investigating the writer’s works of art approximately one hundred phraseological units have been fixed designating human emotional state. The author maіnly uses them for designating emotional experience, fear, human suffering. The most representative traditional and author’s individual phraseological units, the peculiarities of using phrases in the individual style of the writer have been analyzed. The problems, pertaining to functioning phraseological units in writers’ discourse remain urgent nowadays. Phraseological units become an integral part of artistic reality perception and a fragment of the artistic language style. Phrases reflect not only national culture, but also national world vision. We draw a conclusion, that studying phraseological units on the material of Dmytro Keshelya’s works of art has extensive prospects for inquiring different manifestations of human life.
Keywords: The article deals with the use of phrases designating human emotional state in prosaic compositions by modern Transcarpathian Ukrainian writer Dmytro Keshelya. The selected actual material is worked up by means of the descriptive method. Methods of contextual and componental analysis have been used in the article. It has been found out that the discourse of D. Keshelya’s works of art is a felicitous combination of literary speech with a Transcarpathian dialect. In the process of investigating the writer’s works of art approximately one hundred phraseological units have been fixed designating human emotional state. The author maіnly uses them for designating emotional experience, fear, human suffering. The most representative traditional and author’s individual phraseological units, the peculiarities of using phrases in the individual style of the writer have been analyzed. The problems, pertaining to functioning phraseological units in writers’ discourse remain urgent nowadays. Phraseological units become an integral part of artistic reality perception and a fragment of the artistic language style. Phrases reflect not only national culture, but also national world vision. We draw a conclusion, that studying phraseological units on the material of Dmytro Keshelya’s works of art has extensive prospects for inquiring different manifestations of human life.

REFLECTIVE CULTURE AS A SYSTEM-FORMING FACTOR FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF FUTURE MANAGERS IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS

Tetiana Bereziuk

Senior Lecturer at the Department of Developmental and Pedagogical Psychology
Rivne State University of the Humanities (Rivne, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-6864-9055
Anotation. In the provisions of the scientific article, the author analyzes the opinions of scientists on the concepts of “reflection” and “reflective culture”; characterizes the content of reflective culture in the context of professional growth; indicates that in management the ability to reflect is manifested in the assessment of the situation and behavior of others, in the choice and setting of goals and objectives, in decision-making, in the organization of interpersonal and group interaction. The author describes the components of reflective culture: cognitive, personal, communicativecooperative and regulatory; indicates that the basic indicator of reflective culture is the willingness and ability to creatively comprehend and overcome problem-conflict situations, to work in conditions of uncertainty. The author considers the structural and functional components and levels of development of reflective culture and highlights the conditions for the organization of educational activities that promote the development of students’ reflection.
Keywords: In the provisions of the scientific article, the author analyzes the opinions of scientists on the concepts of “reflection” and “reflective culture”; characterizes the content of reflective culture in the context of professional growth; indicates that in management the ability to reflect is manifested in the assessment of the situation and behavior of others, in the choice and setting of goals and objectives, in decision-making, in the organization of interpersonal and group interaction. The author describes the components of reflective culture: cognitive, personal, communicativecooperative and regulatory; indicates that the basic indicator of reflective culture is the willingness and ability to creatively comprehend and overcome problem-conflict situations, to work in conditions of uncertainty. The author considers the structural and functional components and levels of development of reflective culture and highlights the conditions for the organization of educational activities that promote the development of students’ reflection.

COMBINATION OF CAREER WITH FAMILY LIFE AS A FACTOR OF SUCCESSFUL SELF-REALIZATION OF WOMEN-POLICE OFFICERS IN UKRAINE

Nataliia Bilevich

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Juridical Psychology
National Academy of Internal Affairs (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3897-0056
Anotation. The relevance of the article is that the general strategy and priority directions of Ukraine's state policy in the field of gender equality are aimed at bringing the country's legislation in line with international law, creating the conditions necessary for the implementation of the constitutional principle of equal rights and equal opportunities. This fully applies to the service of women in the National Police of Ukraine. Gender issues of professional activity are a topical area of research in the field of legal psychology. The article is devoted to the study of the combination of career and family life as a factor of successful self-realization of women police officers in Ukraine. A three-component model of studying successful selfrealization in professional activity by determining the subjective significance of professional self-realization in a woman’s life, the significance of this activity for her family and for society as a whole is proposed. The results of an empirical research of the role conflict “family-work” among women police officers and its impact on professional activity are described. Based on the results of the analysis of psychological problems that arise on the way of self-realization of women police officers in the professional sphere, the need to identify ways to overcome these obstacles is substantiated.
Keywords: The relevance of the article is that the general strategy and priority directions of Ukraine's state policy in the field of gender equality are aimed at bringing the country's legislation in line with international law, creating the conditions necessary for the implementation of the constitutional principle of equal rights and equal opportunities. This fully applies to the service of women in the National Police of Ukraine. Gender issues of professional activity are a topical area of research in the field of legal psychology. The article is devoted to the study of the combination of career and family life as a factor of successful self-realization of women police officers in Ukraine. A three-component model of studying successful selfrealization in professional activity by determining the subjective significance of professional self-realization in a woman’s life, the significance of this activity for her family and for society as a whole is proposed. The results of an empirical research of the role conflict “family-work” among women police officers and its impact on professional activity are described. Based on the results of the analysis of psychological problems that arise on the way of self-realization of women police officers in the professional sphere, the need to identify ways to overcome these obstacles is substantiated.

SOCIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL STRATEGIES FOR LIFE SUCCESSFULNESS OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

Iryna Borovynska

Postgraduate Student at the Laboratory of Psychology of Masses and Communities
Institute for Social and Political Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-7280-0424
Anotation. After forced relocation a lot of people face different stressors, but with time internally displaced persons (IDPs) start to reconstruct their lives and reconsider their sense of life successfulness. The main goals of this investigation were to understand the difference in representations about life successfulness among IDPs with high and low levels of life successfulness, to analyse a set of social-psychological strategies and difference in their utilization among representatives of both groups, to investigate the perception of the role of others in life successfulness formation among successful and unsuccessful IDPs. A total amount of 30 respondents who relocated from both Crimea and Donbas took part in semistructured interviewing. Further qualitative analysis of the material showed difference among successful and unsuccessful IDPs in all the directions mentioned above. The main conclusion that we made is that successful IDPs are more socialoriented, they use a wider set of social-psychological strategies for life successfulness, they are not afraid of asking for help and are more inclined to use such strategies as cooperation and integration into communities.
Keywords: After forced relocation a lot of people face different stressors, but with time internally displaced persons (IDPs) start to reconstruct their lives and reconsider their sense of life successfulness. The main goals of this investigation were to understand the difference in representations about life successfulness among IDPs with high and low levels of life successfulness, to analyse a set of social-psychological strategies and difference in their utilization among representatives of both groups, to investigate the perception of the role of others in life successfulness formation among successful and unsuccessful IDPs. A total amount of 30 respondents who relocated from both Crimea and Donbas took part in semistructured interviewing. Further qualitative analysis of the material showed difference among successful and unsuccessful IDPs in all the directions mentioned above. The main conclusion that we made is that successful IDPs are more socialoriented, they use a wider set of social-psychological strategies for life successfulness, they are not afraid of asking for help and are more inclined to use such strategies as cooperation and integration into communities.

PECULIARITIES OF THE COGNITIVE COMPONENT OF HEALTH ATTITUDE AMONG STUDENT YOUTH

Inna Hresko

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Psychology
Vasyl Stus Donetsk National University (Vinnytsia, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-6642-6651
Anotation. The article reveals the concept of “attitude” in psychology, “attitude to health” as a separate mental entity, its factors and main components (cognitive, emotional and behavioral). The focus is on highlighting the cognitive component of health attitude as a leading one in shaping health attitudes, especially at a young age characterized by the active development of intellectual abilities. The peculiarities of the cognitive component of students’ attitude to health are considered, particularly, their understanding and knowledge of ways to maintain and enhance health. The results of the study reflect the level of cognitive interest in health and healthy lifestyle among student youth; health competence of the respondents; understanding the positive and negative factors influencing one’s health condition. The article describes the level of students’ health attitude at the cognitive level, as well as identifies the health information sources which are most trusted by respondents.
Keywords: The article reveals the concept of “attitude” in psychology, “attitude to health” as a separate mental entity, its factors and main components (cognitive, emotional and behavioral). The focus is on highlighting the cognitive component of health attitude as a leading one in shaping health attitudes, especially at a young age characterized by the active development of intellectual abilities. The peculiarities of the cognitive component of students’ attitude to health are considered, particularly, their understanding and knowledge of ways to maintain and enhance health. The results of the study reflect the level of cognitive interest in health and healthy lifestyle among student youth; health competence of the respondents; understanding the positive and negative factors influencing one’s health condition. The article describes the level of students’ health attitude at the cognitive level, as well as identifies the health information sources which are most trusted by respondents.

CROWDFUNDING IN THE PUBLISHING BUSINESS

Svitlana Vodolazka

Doctor of Social Communications, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of Publishing and Editing
Institute of Journalism of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-1019-5828
Anotation. The article considers the specifics of using crowdfunding opportunities as an alternative to obtaining financial support for the implementation of publishing projects and projects in the format of self-publication. It is determined that the needs of focus on crowdfunding projects are provoked by various reasons (narrow market interest, issues of insufficient financial liquidity and slow payback of projects), which form distrust of potential investors. Conducted identification of the terms of crowd publishing and crowdfunding in the publishing business. The availability of universal and specialized crowdfunding platforms has been established and important characteristics that the author or publisher needs to pay attention to when preparing a crowdfunding campaign and choosing a crowdfunding platform has been identified. The subjects that can participate in the creation of crowdfunding projects (crowdfunding platform, publisher, author) are identified and the algorithm of work on the crowdfunding project model from the crowdfunding platform and the crowdfunding project from the publisher/author is written. The importance of crowdfunding for the publishing business is analyzed.
Keywords: The article considers the specifics of using crowdfunding opportunities as an alternative to obtaining financial support for the implementation of publishing projects and projects in the format of self-publication. It is determined that the needs of focus on crowdfunding projects are provoked by various reasons (narrow market interest, issues of insufficient financial liquidity and slow payback of projects), which form distrust of potential investors. Conducted identification of the terms of crowd publishing and crowdfunding in the publishing business. The availability of universal and specialized crowdfunding platforms has been established and important characteristics that the author or publisher needs to pay attention to when preparing a crowdfunding campaign and choosing a crowdfunding platform has been identified. The subjects that can participate in the creation of crowdfunding projects (crowdfunding platform, publisher, author) are identified and the algorithm of work on the crowdfunding project model from the crowdfunding platform and the crowdfunding project from the publisher/author is written. The importance of crowdfunding for the publishing business is analyzed.

“THE ECONOMIST” IN THE UKRAINIAN MASSMEDIA ENVIRONMENT: THE COMMUNICATION ASPECT

Zoryana Hren

Scientific Secretary
Vasyl Stefanyk National Scientific Library of Ukraine in Lviv (Lviv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9869-7421
Anotation. The article outlines the main trends in the studies of British press in general and “The Economist” weekly and particularly, which are carried out by Ukrainian and foreign scholars. A detailed analysis of problems, themes ad and genres of British press is stated to be the prerogative for Ukrainian researchers. Author points out their interest in early formating stages, functioning and development of world-famous press phenomen, the characteristics of content, as well as the rapid reaction of editorial boards to the latest challenges and threats. The purpose of the article is to clarify and analyze the ways of presenting of the British weekly “The Economist” in the Ukrainian media. The methods used for this study include bibliographical and descriptive, historical, comparative, structural and statistical methods. Methods of analysis, synthesis and systematization, as well as chronological, historicalstructural, problem-thematic methods also contributed to the goal. The features of “The Economist” presence in the information space of Ukraine are highlighted. The author describes the problematic and thematic aspects of the British weekly’s publications, which attract journalistic attention in Ukraine and are in demand by the readership. The participation of “The Economists” journalists in various media events in Ukraine is observed on the base of Ukrainian press publications. It is proved that appealing to the experience of British journalists in discussing of complex issues of social, political, economic and cultural problems is very popular today. Editorial boards of many Ukrainian press publications trust the views of the weekly. Journalists of “Den” (The Day) newspaper, “Dzekralo Tyzhnia” (Mirror of the Week), “Ukrainskyi Tyzhden” (Ukrainian Week) and many other newspapers and magazines cite “The Economists” views, statements and conclusions.
Keywords: The article outlines the main trends in the studies of British press in general and “The Economist” weekly and particularly, which are carried out by Ukrainian and foreign scholars. A detailed analysis of problems, themes ad and genres of British press is stated to be the prerogative for Ukrainian researchers. Author points out their interest in early formating stages, functioning and development of world-famous press phenomen, the characteristics of content, as well as the rapid reaction of editorial boards to the latest challenges and threats. The purpose of the article is to clarify and analyze the ways of presenting of the British weekly “The Economist” in the Ukrainian media. The methods used for this study include bibliographical and descriptive, historical, comparative, structural and statistical methods. Methods of analysis, synthesis and systematization, as well as chronological, historicalstructural, problem-thematic methods also contributed to the goal. The features of “The Economist” presence in the information space of Ukraine are highlighted. The author describes the problematic and thematic aspects of the British weekly’s publications, which attract journalistic attention in Ukraine and are in demand by the readership. The participation of “The Economists” journalists in various media events in Ukraine is observed on the base of Ukrainian press publications. It is proved that appealing to the experience of British journalists in discussing of complex issues of social, political, economic and cultural problems is very popular today. Editorial boards of many Ukrainian press publications trust the views of the weekly. Journalists of “Den” (The Day) newspaper, “Dzekralo Tyzhnia” (Mirror of the Week), “Ukrainskyi Tyzhden” (Ukrainian Week) and many other newspapers and magazines cite “The Economists” views, statements and conclusions.

METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO THE DETERMINATION OF AN ENTERPRISE’S IMAGE STRATEGY

Valentyna Hatylo, Tetyana Сalinescu

Valentyna Hatylo, Assistant Lecturer National Aerospace University “Kharkiv Aviation Institute” (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
Tetyana Сalinescu, Doctor of Economics, Professor, Head of the Department of Finance, Accounting and Taxation National Aerospace University “Kharkiv Aviation Institute” (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-5518-9694, ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4919-5788
Anotation. The authors provide a methodology for determining an enterprise’s image strategy in terms of analysis of components of enterprise image. The purpose of the research is to explore the process of arranging analytical tools for analysis of the status of corporate image and development of an image strategy, to define “the image strategy of the enterprise” and elaborate the guidelines of the image strategy of the enterprise. The following methods have been used: theoretical and methodological framework relies on the provisions of system analysis, generalization and strategic analysis. The article has elaborated a methodology for developing an image strategy in such a way as to assess the current state of the enterprise’s image, which consists of an external image (market and customer components) and internal image (personnel and product-economic components). The cultivation of a positive image becomes not only a priority but a necessary condition for achieving economic growth and stabilization of economic processes taking place in the country amidst neo-industrialization. The general assessment of actions towards the effective performance of enterprises in the context of an image strategy involves meeting the primary purpose and its tactical objectives, as follows: to win a relatively stable position in the market, to satisfy the requirements forwarded by market participants to the enterprise, cost optimization and continuous monitoring of all components of the image, the effectiveness of the proposed tactical actions and a change of the coordinates of the image strategy according to the conducted analysis.
Keywords: The authors provide a methodology for determining an enterprise’s image strategy in terms of analysis of components of enterprise image. The purpose of the research is to explore the process of arranging analytical tools for analysis of the status of corporate image and development of an image strategy, to define “the image strategy of the enterprise” and elaborate the guidelines of the image strategy of the enterprise. The following methods have been used: theoretical and methodological framework relies on the provisions of system analysis, generalization and strategic analysis. The article has elaborated a methodology for developing an image strategy in such a way as to assess the current state of the enterprise’s image, which consists of an external image (market and customer components) and internal image (personnel and product-economic components). The cultivation of a positive image becomes not only a priority but a necessary condition for achieving economic growth and stabilization of economic processes taking place in the country amidst neo-industrialization. The general assessment of actions towards the effective performance of enterprises in the context of an image strategy involves meeting the primary purpose and its tactical objectives, as follows: to win a relatively stable position in the market, to satisfy the requirements forwarded by market participants to the enterprise, cost optimization and continuous monitoring of all components of the image, the effectiveness of the proposed tactical actions and a change of the coordinates of the image strategy according to the conducted analysis.

PRECONDITIONS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SEED EXPORT IN THE SUBJECTS OF SELECTION AND SEED PRODUCTION OF CEREAL CROPS OF UKRAINE

Iryna Danylko

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Pricing and Agrarian Market
National Scientific Centre “Institute of Agrarian Economics” (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9551-1369
Anotation. Strategically, it is important for individual subjects of selection and seed production of cereal crops to find various opportunities for selling seeds at a higher price. One of the ways to realize this opportunity is the development of foreign seed markets. The toolkit (four stage algorithm) for assessing the prerequisites for the development of seed export by the subjects of selection and seed production has been substantiated in the article. The algorithm was realized in the Nosivka Selection and Research Station of the V.M. Remeslo Myronivka Institute of Wheat. The methodical basis of this toolkit is the index method with calculation of indices: RCA (Revealed comparative advantage), RТA (Relative Trade Advantage Index), RХA (Relative Export Advantage Index), RMP (Relative Import Penetration Index). The essence of the toolkit is conclude in comparing of state trade advantages with the production capabilities of individual subjects of selection and seed production and formation of their development strategy with taking this into account.
Keywords: Strategically, it is important for individual subjects of selection and seed production of cereal crops to find various opportunities for selling seeds at a higher price. One of the ways to realize this opportunity is the development of foreign seed markets. The toolkit (four stage algorithm) for assessing the prerequisites for the development of seed export by the subjects of selection and seed production has been substantiated in the article. The algorithm was realized in the Nosivka Selection and Research Station of the V.M. Remeslo Myronivka Institute of Wheat. The methodical basis of this toolkit is the index method with calculation of indices: RCA (Revealed comparative advantage), RТA (Relative Trade Advantage Index), RХA (Relative Export Advantage Index), RMP (Relative Import Penetration Index). The essence of the toolkit is conclude in comparing of state trade advantages with the production capabilities of individual subjects of selection and seed production and formation of their development strategy with taking this into account.

PROCEDURE FOR EXPORT OF CULTURAL VALUES FROM UKRAINE

Olha Anhelovska, Viacheslav Tylchyk

Olha Anhelovska, Applicant at the Department of Administrative and Commercial Law Zaporizhia National University (Zaporizhia, Ukraine)
Viacheslav Tylchyk, Doctor of Law, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Administrative Law and Procedure and Customs Security University of the State Fiscal Service of Ukraine (Irpin, Kyiv region, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9392-2594, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5964-3439
Anotation. The article is devoted to the issues related to establishing the essential characteristics of the procedure for export of cultural values from Ukraine by analysing the legal framework for export of cultural values, defining the system of central state executive bodies authorized to ensure the legality of export of cultural values, researching procedural aspects of issuing certificates. export of cultural values, as well as establishing the essence of the determining features of cultural values that can be exported. Emphasis is placed on the fact that the provisions of relevant regulations of national and international nature determine the legal basis for the export and temporary export of cultural property from the customs territory of Ukraine. It seems expedient to update the issue of the newly created State Inspectorate for Cultural Heritage of Ukraine and the State Service for Cultural Heritage of Ukraine, because these central executive bodies must ensure the creation and filling of the register of cultural heritage, creating conditions for market development of cultural values in Ukraine. cultural values. The importance and wide range of public relations, within which the protection of cultural values, on the one hand, and the development of elements of the mechanism of ensuring the rights of citizens – on the other, mediate the need for further research on this issue.
Keywords: The article is devoted to the issues related to establishing the essential characteristics of the procedure for export of cultural values from Ukraine by analysing the legal framework for export of cultural values, defining the system of central state executive bodies authorized to ensure the legality of export of cultural values, researching procedural aspects of issuing certificates. export of cultural values, as well as establishing the essence of the determining features of cultural values that can be exported. Emphasis is placed on the fact that the provisions of relevant regulations of national and international nature determine the legal basis for the export and temporary export of cultural property from the customs territory of Ukraine. It seems expedient to update the issue of the newly created State Inspectorate for Cultural Heritage of Ukraine and the State Service for Cultural Heritage of Ukraine, because these central executive bodies must ensure the creation and filling of the register of cultural heritage, creating conditions for market development of cultural values in Ukraine. cultural values. The importance and wide range of public relations, within which the protection of cultural values, on the one hand, and the development of elements of the mechanism of ensuring the rights of citizens – on the other, mediate the need for further research on this issue.

COMBATING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN THE CONTEXT OF UKRAINE’S EUROPEAN INTEGRATION ASPIRATIONS

Maria Bakaim

Postgraduate Student
Lviv University of Business and Law (Lviv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-6210-652X
Anotation. The article analyzes the issue of combating domestic violence in the context of Ukraine’s European integration aspirations. It is determined that the family policy of the state, and along with it the legal methods, ways and means of combating offenses in this particular area have changed with the development of society, as well as depending on the current internal social, political and economic situation. It was stated that the system of public relations formed in Ukraine, in particular the one concerning the counteraction to offenses related to domestic violence, was based on customs and some written sources of law. It is stated that even today there is an unfavorable trend in Ukrainian society, caused by a significant number of crimes and administrative offenses related to domestic violence. The public danger of such offenses lies not only in causing physical and mental harm to human health and life, violation of the natural inalienable right to personal safety, but also in general leads to family breakdown, cessation of interpersonal communication between its members, accompanied by disorder and trauma. impact on children, difficult social adaptation of adolescents and suicidal behavior. The general powers of the authorized units of the National Police of Ukraine as another body and institution entrusted with the functions of implementing measures in the field of preventing and combating domestic violence are considered. It is emphasized that the basic provisions of international standards in the field of combating domestic violence are based on a deep awareness of the inadmissibility of such violence, which is a gross violation of human rights.
Keywords: The article analyzes the issue of combating domestic violence in the context of Ukraine’s European integration aspirations. It is determined that the family policy of the state, and along with it the legal methods, ways and means of combating offenses in this particular area have changed with the development of society, as well as depending on the current internal social, political and economic situation. It was stated that the system of public relations formed in Ukraine, in particular the one concerning the counteraction to offenses related to domestic violence, was based on customs and some written sources of law. It is stated that even today there is an unfavorable trend in Ukrainian society, caused by a significant number of crimes and administrative offenses related to domestic violence. The public danger of such offenses lies not only in causing physical and mental harm to human health and life, violation of the natural inalienable right to personal safety, but also in general leads to family breakdown, cessation of interpersonal communication between its members, accompanied by disorder and trauma. impact on children, difficult social adaptation of adolescents and suicidal behavior. The general powers of the authorized units of the National Police of Ukraine as another body and institution entrusted with the functions of implementing measures in the field of preventing and combating domestic violence are considered. It is emphasized that the basic provisions of international standards in the field of combating domestic violence are based on a deep awareness of the inadmissibility of such violence, which is a gross violation of human rights.

TYPES OF BYLAWS OF CENTRAL EXECUTIVE BODIES

Dmytro Baranenko

Candidate of Law Sciences
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-0234-7561
Anotation. The article examines the types of bylaws of central executive bodies. The classification of bylaws of central executive bodies depending on various criteria, namely: the level of the executive body, the subject of rule-making, territorial action, scope, nature of norms, legal force, collegiality of adoption, the relationship between them. It is established that in Ukraine normatively defined types of normative legal acts are issued by executive bodies, but they are contained in separate normative legal acts concerning specific type of executive body. That is, the legislation defines the types of bylaws of central executive bodies, but does not establish their hierarchy, relationships and interdependence. It is concluded that the types of bylaws of executive bodies (governments, ministries, local executive bodies, etc.) of France, Germany, Italy, Japan almost coincide with the Ukrainian bylaws. It is important that in these countries the functions of bylaws of both bylaws (secondary) and primary legal regulation of public relations are recognized at the legislative level, which is a positive experience that can be introduced by the Ukrainian legislator. The characteristic features of acts of central executive bodies include the following: these are the rules of conduct of central executive bodies; this behaviour is aimed at complying with regulations; expressed in a certain legal document; the issuance of such acts is carried out in the process of public administration; they are issued by authorized state bodies or their officials; the direction of their action can be both general and individual; they contain norms of legal orientation; they are aimed at achieving a specific result. Due to the fact that the definition of types of bylaws of central executive bodies today is contained in separate regulations, argued their generalization and presentation in a single consolidated legal act – the Law of Ukraine «On lawmaking and regulations», which should contribute to the full regulation of the rule-making process in the country, namely: to bring to a single system all existing regulations in Ukraine, to determine their exclusive lists, types, procedure for their creation, actions, etc. It should become a fundamental legislative normative legal act, which would exhaustively and unambiguously define all terms and concepts, in the sense in which they should be applied in Ukraine in all other normative legal acts.
Keywords: The article examines the types of bylaws of central executive bodies. The classification of bylaws of central executive bodies depending on various criteria, namely: the level of the executive body, the subject of rule-making, territorial action, scope, nature of norms, legal force, collegiality of adoption, the relationship between them. It is established that in Ukraine normatively defined types of normative legal acts are issued by executive bodies, but they are contained in separate normative legal acts concerning specific type of executive body. That is, the legislation defines the types of bylaws of central executive bodies, but does not establish their hierarchy, relationships and interdependence. It is concluded that the types of bylaws of executive bodies (governments, ministries, local executive bodies, etc.) of France, Germany, Italy, Japan almost coincide with the Ukrainian bylaws. It is important that in these countries the functions of bylaws of both bylaws (secondary) and primary legal regulation of public relations are recognized at the legislative level, which is a positive experience that can be introduced by the Ukrainian legislator. The characteristic features of acts of central executive bodies include the following: these are the rules of conduct of central executive bodies; this behaviour is aimed at complying with regulations; expressed in a certain legal document; the issuance of such acts is carried out in the process of public administration; they are issued by authorized state bodies or their officials; the direction of their action can be both general and individual; they contain norms of legal orientation; they are aimed at achieving a specific result. Due to the fact that the definition of types of bylaws of central executive bodies today is contained in separate regulations, argued their generalization and presentation in a single consolidated legal act – the Law of Ukraine «On lawmaking and regulations», which should contribute to the full regulation of the rule-making process in the country, namely: to bring to a single system all existing regulations in Ukraine, to determine their exclusive lists, types, procedure for their creation, actions, etc. It should become a fundamental legislative normative legal act, which would exhaustively and unambiguously define all terms and concepts, in the sense in which they should be applied in Ukraine in all other normative legal acts.

FEATURES OF THE TACTICS OF INTERROGATING SUSPECTS OF CRIMES OF EVADING PAYMENT OF A SINGLE CONTRIBUTION FOR COMPULSORY STATE SOCIAL INSURANCE AND INSURANCE CONTRIBUTIONS FOR COMPULSORY STATE PENSION INSURANCE

Mykola Bezzubenko

Candidate of the Department of Criminal Procedure, Criminology and Expertise
Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-0502-8099
Anotation. Traditionally, in criminology, the elements of the forensic characterization of crimes include the characterization of the identity of the offender. It is no exception, in this case, the forensic characterization of evasions from the payment of a single contribution to the obligatory state social insurance and insurance contributions to the obligatory state pension insurance, where we also distinguish one of its structural elements – the identity of the offender. the suspect is the subject of this article. The article examines the peculiarities of the tactics of interrogation of a suspect in crimes of evading the payment of a single contribution to the obligatory state social insurance and insurance contributions to the obligatory state pension insurance. The procedural status of the suspect was determined. Some elements of the tactics of interrogation of the offender are given in view of the typical investigative situation. It was concluded that during the interrogation of a suspect in evading the payment of a single contribution to the obligatory state social insurance and insurance contributions to the obligatory state pension insurance, the following circumstances that are the subject of the interrogation should be clarified.
Keywords: Traditionally, in criminology, the elements of the forensic characterization of crimes include the characterization of the identity of the offender. It is no exception, in this case, the forensic characterization of evasions from the payment of a single contribution to the obligatory state social insurance and insurance contributions to the obligatory state pension insurance, where we also distinguish one of its structural elements – the identity of the offender. the suspect is the subject of this article. The article examines the peculiarities of the tactics of interrogation of a suspect in crimes of evading the payment of a single contribution to the obligatory state social insurance and insurance contributions to the obligatory state pension insurance. The procedural status of the suspect was determined. Some elements of the tactics of interrogation of the offender are given in view of the typical investigative situation. It was concluded that during the interrogation of a suspect in evading the payment of a single contribution to the obligatory state social insurance and insurance contributions to the obligatory state pension insurance, the following circumstances that are the subject of the interrogation should be clarified.

EUROPEAN UNION EXPERIENCE IN ENHANCEMENT OF THE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS PROTECTION, AND ITS INFLUENCE ON THE UKRAINIAN LEGISLATION DEVELOPMENT

Igor Benedisiuk

Judge Commercial Cassation Court of the Supreme Court, Applicant
Scientific Research Institute of Intellectual Property of the National Academy of Law Sciences of Ukraine (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3935-5322
Anotation. The article researches the recent decades experience of European Union in the field of enhancing the protection of intellectual rights and its influence on the Ukrainian legislation development for this area. The emphasis is put on necessity of elaboration of the high-standard and efficient protection of property rights, as it is a vital element for further development of digital, scientific and innovative European environment. The general and specifics sciences’ best practices and methods were employed for this article, among which dialectic research and formal logic, legal comparison and formal legislative approaches should be highlighted. Within the research process, trends were outlined of the activities of European Commission as for provision of the high-quality, equal-opportunities and evenlyspread implementation of the intellectual property rights realization across the EU with epistemological approach. It was analyzed, how the legislation of Ukraine absorbs the main pillars, stated with the EU Directive 2008/48/EU regarding the intellectual property rights protection. The conclusion was made out on how the issues that had been taken into the European Commission researches, were implemented into the European legal acts, and whether those issues were taken into account in legislation of Ukraine. As the results of the research, the needed steps were elaborated for further implementation of the Association Agreement of Ukraine and EU, regarding the intellectual property rights protection within the legislative framework.
Keywords: The article researches the recent decades experience of European Union in the field of enhancing the protection of intellectual rights and its influence on the Ukrainian legislation development for this area. The emphasis is put on necessity of elaboration of the high-standard and efficient protection of property rights, as it is a vital element for further development of digital, scientific and innovative European environment. The general and specifics sciences’ best practices and methods were employed for this article, among which dialectic research and formal logic, legal comparison and formal legislative approaches should be highlighted. Within the research process, trends were outlined of the activities of European Commission as for provision of the high-quality, equal-opportunities and evenlyspread implementation of the intellectual property rights realization across the EU with epistemological approach. It was analyzed, how the legislation of Ukraine absorbs the main pillars, stated with the EU Directive 2008/48/EU regarding the intellectual property rights protection. The conclusion was made out on how the issues that had been taken into the European Commission researches, were implemented into the European legal acts, and whether those issues were taken into account in legislation of Ukraine. As the results of the research, the needed steps were elaborated for further implementation of the Association Agreement of Ukraine and EU, regarding the intellectual property rights protection within the legislative framework.

GENESIS OF THE MAIN TYPES OF STRATEGIC PLANNING AND THEIR ADMINISTRATIVE AND LEGAL FEATURES IN UKRAINE

Nataliia Biloshytska

Postgraduate Student
International University of Business and Law (Kherson, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7441-5194
Anotation. The object of the study is there are public relations that arise in the sphere of application of strategic planning within the framework of Public Administration of Ukraine. The subject of the study is the administrative and legal support of strategic planning in the field of Public Administration of Ukraine. The purpose of the dissertation is to determine the features of administrative and legal support for Strategic Planning in the field of Public Administration in Ukraine based on the analysis of scientific views of scientists and the norms of the current legislation of Ukraine, on the basis of the development of positive domestic and foreign experience, to determine the directions for improving the relevant administrative legislation. Methods. The methodological base of the dissertation search is based on general scientific and special scientific methods of scientific knowledge. In particular, methods of analysis and synthesis were applied, with the help of which a general characteristic of the essence, nature and theoretical foundations of administrative and legal understanding of strategic planning and its place and significance in the field of Public Administration became possible; a dialectical method that allowed us to study the genesis of the main types of strategic planning and their administrative and legal features, as well as to determine the main principles of administrative and Legal Policy and priority directions for the development of legislative strategic planning in public administration. The use of the system-structural method served as a tool for substantiating and characterizing a specific tool of State Strategic Planning – Administrative and regulatory forecasting. The method of system analysis was used in the course of analysis from the administrative and legal positions of the logic and principles of strategic planning in public administration, as well as to work out the methodology and main approaches to state strategic planning; the structural and functional method provided an opportunity to study the administrative and legal tools of strategic planning in the public administration system; using the comparative legal method, a comparative analysis of foreign experience in administrative and legal support of strategic planning in public administration is carried out and the possibilities of its application in domestic practice are determined. The formal and legal method is widely used, which made it possible to properly study the regulatory material, formulate definitions of special research concepts, in particular during the formulation of proposals for improving administrative legislation regulating strategic planning in the field of Public Administration of Ukraine. The use of the logical-semantic method contributed to the improvement of the conceptual and categorical apparatus of work, the expansion and refinement of the studied concepts and categories; using the logical and legal method, it became possible to substantiate the latest trends in administrative and legal support of strategic planning in the field of Public Administration. Results. The genesis of the main types of strategic planning and their administrative and legal features are studied, which allowed us to substantiate the positive administrative and legal potential of strategic planning of socio-economic development, its need directly in the transition period, in connection with the need to formulate in legal configurations a clear vector for the further formation of society, and in addition its concretization in setting long-term, as well as current goals, defining clear tasks in order to organize a full-fledged, effective concept of strategic planning socially-economic development of Ukraine. Practical value. The scientific novelty of the results obtained lies in the fact that the work is one of the first attempts to comprehensively, using modern scientific works and methods of scientific knowledge, determine the features of administrative and legal support for Strategic Planning in the field of Public Administration of Ukraine. As a result of the work carried out, new scientific provisions and conclusions are formulated, which are proposed by the applicant personally.
Keywords: The object of the study is there are public relations that arise in the sphere of application of strategic planning within the framework of Public Administration of Ukraine. The subject of the study is the administrative and legal support of strategic planning in the field of Public Administration of Ukraine. The purpose of the dissertation is to determine the features of administrative and legal support for Strategic Planning in the field of Public Administration in Ukraine based on the analysis of scientific views of scientists and the norms of the current legislation of Ukraine, on the basis of the development of positive domestic and foreign experience, to determine the directions for improving the relevant administrative legislation. Methods. The methodological base of the dissertation search is based on general scientific and special scientific methods of scientific knowledge. In particular, methods of analysis and synthesis were applied, with the help of which a general characteristic of the essence, nature and theoretical foundations of administrative and legal understanding of strategic planning and its place and significance in the field of Public Administration became possible; a dialectical method that allowed us to study the genesis of the main types of strategic planning and their administrative and legal features, as well as to determine the main principles of administrative and Legal Policy and priority directions for the development of legislative strategic planning in public administration. The use of the system-structural method served as a tool for substantiating and characterizing a specific tool of State Strategic Planning – Administrative and regulatory forecasting. The method of system analysis was used in the course of analysis from the administrative and legal positions of the logic and principles of strategic planning in public administration, as well as to work out the methodology and main approaches to state strategic planning; the structural and functional method provided an opportunity to study the administrative and legal tools of strategic planning in the public administration system; using the comparative legal method, a comparative analysis of foreign experience in administrative and legal support of strategic planning in public administration is carried out and the possibilities of its application in domestic practice are determined. The formal and legal method is widely used, which made it possible to properly study the regulatory material, formulate definitions of special research concepts, in particular during the formulation of proposals for improving administrative legislation regulating strategic planning in the field of Public Administration of Ukraine. The use of the logical-semantic method contributed to the improvement of the conceptual and categorical apparatus of work, the expansion and refinement of the studied concepts and categories; using the logical and legal method, it became possible to substantiate the latest trends in administrative and legal support of strategic planning in the field of Public Administration. Results. The genesis of the main types of strategic planning and their administrative and legal features are studied, which allowed us to substantiate the positive administrative and legal potential of strategic planning of socio-economic development, its need directly in the transition period, in connection with the need to formulate in legal configurations a clear vector for the further formation of society, and in addition its concretization in setting long-term, as well as current goals, defining clear tasks in order to organize a full-fledged, effective concept of strategic planning socially-economic development of Ukraine. Practical value. The scientific novelty of the results obtained lies in the fact that the work is one of the first attempts to comprehensively, using modern scientific works and methods of scientific knowledge, determine the features of administrative and legal support for Strategic Planning in the field of Public Administration of Ukraine. As a result of the work carried out, new scientific provisions and conclusions are formulated, which are proposed by the applicant personally.

SANCTIONS FOR TRANSMISSION OR COLLECTION OF INFORMATION THAT CONSTITUTE OFFICIAL INFORMATION COLLECTED IN THE PROCESS OF OPERATIONAL INVESTIGATION, COUNTER-REVIEW, IN SCOPE OF NATIONAL DEFENSE

Volodymyr Boichuk

Applicant at the Department of Criminal Law
Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-8139-7286
Anotation. The article considers the problems of sanctions under Art. 330 of the Criminal code of Ukraine for transfer or gathering of the information making the official information collected in the course of operatively-search, counterintelligence activity, in the field of defense of the country. The characteristic of sanctions of Art. 330 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine in terms of their criminal classification, it is emphasized that the sanction must correspond to the gravity of the act and be consistent with the sanctions for the commission of other, similar in nature and nature of the crimes. In this regard, proposals were made to impose sanctions under Part 1 and Part 2 of Art. 330 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine in agreement with each other by reducing the upper limit of punishment in the sanction of Part 1 of Art. 330 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine to 4 years of imprisonment and parallel increase of the lower limit of the sanction of part 2 of the same article to 5 years of imprisonment. The scheme of delimitation of a measure of criminal responsibility for the crimes provided by Art. Art. 328, 329, 422 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine and Art. 330 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine.
Keywords: The article considers the problems of sanctions under Art. 330 of the Criminal code of Ukraine for transfer or gathering of the information making the official information collected in the course of operatively-search, counterintelligence activity, in the field of defense of the country. The characteristic of sanctions of Art. 330 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine in terms of their criminal classification, it is emphasized that the sanction must correspond to the gravity of the act and be consistent with the sanctions for the commission of other, similar in nature and nature of the crimes. In this regard, proposals were made to impose sanctions under Part 1 and Part 2 of Art. 330 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine in agreement with each other by reducing the upper limit of punishment in the sanction of Part 1 of Art. 330 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine to 4 years of imprisonment and parallel increase of the lower limit of the sanction of part 2 of the same article to 5 years of imprisonment. The scheme of delimitation of a measure of criminal responsibility for the crimes provided by Art. Art. 328, 329, 422 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine and Art. 330 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine.

INSTITUTIONAL GUARANTEES OF THE ADMINISTRATIVE AND LEGAL MECHANISM FOR ENSURING FOURTH GENERATION HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE HEALTHCARE SYSTEM

Sandra Boldizhar

Candidate of Law, Associate Professor at the Administrative, Financial and Informative Law Department
Uzhhorod National University (Uzhhorod, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3096-9181
Anotation. The peculiarities of the institutional guarantees, which are part of the administrative law mechanism for ensuring the fourth generation of human rights in the health care system, have been studied. It is determined that the system of institutional guarantees includes parliamentary guarantees, ombudsman guarantees, president’s guarantees, government guarantees, guarantees of local executive bodies, guarantees of local self-government bodies. The mechanisms to improve the situation in the field of human rights of the fourth generation are proposed: introduction of the institution of the Commissioner for the Protection of Human Rights of the fourth generation, conducting a separate analysis of the human rights ombudsman ensuring the fourth generation of human rights, establishing a working group on ensuring the fourth generation of human rights under the Commission for Law Reform.
Keywords: The peculiarities of the institutional guarantees, which are part of the administrative law mechanism for ensuring the fourth generation of human rights in the health care system, have been studied. It is determined that the system of institutional guarantees includes parliamentary guarantees, ombudsman guarantees, president’s guarantees, government guarantees, guarantees of local executive bodies, guarantees of local self-government bodies. The mechanisms to improve the situation in the field of human rights of the fourth generation are proposed: introduction of the institution of the Commissioner for the Protection of Human Rights of the fourth generation, conducting a separate analysis of the human rights ombudsman ensuring the fourth generation of human rights, establishing a working group on ensuring the fourth generation of human rights under the Commission for Law Reform.

FEATURES OF ADMINISTRATIVE RESPONSIBILITY FOR CRIMES RELATED TO CORRUPTION

Yuliia Borysova

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Administrative and Customs Law
University of Customs and Finance (Dnipro, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3622-2484
Anotation. The article is devoted to defining the features of administrative liability for corruption-related offenses. It is established that administrative liability is one of the effective measures to maintain law and order in the state, as it covers a wide range of public relations between public authorities and individuals and legal entities. It is determined that in the administrative-legal literature it is accepted to define administrative responsibility as a special type of legal responsibility with all its inherent features, which has certain features, given the range of social relations to which it can be extended. It is proved that administrative liability is considered as: activity on application of administrative penalties; the reaction of the state to offenses and application of coercive measures provided by sanctions of legal norms; establishment of certain restrictions as a result of committing an administrative offense. Problems of determining the features of administrative liability for committing corruption offenses are caused, first of all, by the need to maintain the rule of law in society and to ensure the protection of the rights and freedoms of citizens in administrative-tort relations. It is argued that administrative offenses related to corruption are a sectoral type of administrative offenses and for which administrative liability is established, but bringing to it has certain features that determine the specifics of bringing offenders to this type of liability.
Keywords: The article is devoted to defining the features of administrative liability for corruption-related offenses. It is established that administrative liability is one of the effective measures to maintain law and order in the state, as it covers a wide range of public relations between public authorities and individuals and legal entities. It is determined that in the administrative-legal literature it is accepted to define administrative responsibility as a special type of legal responsibility with all its inherent features, which has certain features, given the range of social relations to which it can be extended. It is proved that administrative liability is considered as: activity on application of administrative penalties; the reaction of the state to offenses and application of coercive measures provided by sanctions of legal norms; establishment of certain restrictions as a result of committing an administrative offense. Problems of determining the features of administrative liability for committing corruption offenses are caused, first of all, by the need to maintain the rule of law in society and to ensure the protection of the rights and freedoms of citizens in administrative-tort relations. It is argued that administrative offenses related to corruption are a sectoral type of administrative offenses and for which administrative liability is established, but bringing to it has certain features that determine the specifics of bringing offenders to this type of liability.

CHARACTERISTICS OF ECONOMIC FORMS OF PROPERTY OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE

Oksana Bugayova

Adjunct at the Department of Economic and Legal Disciplines and Economic Security
Donetsk Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine (Mariupol, Donetsk region, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2084-3457
Anotation. In the provisions of the scientific article, the author analyzes the regulations governing the property and property relations of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and examines the views of scientists on the property of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Emphasizes that depending on the economic form in which the property acquires, it is divided into fixed assets, current assets, funds, goods and considers their features depending on the sphere of existence. Determines the features of determining the economic form of property of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in special legislation and bylaws. Emphasizes the ramifications of regulations governing this area and offers the author's vision of improving the regulatory framework governing property, including economic forms and property relations in the Armed Forces of Ukraine, taking into account international standards.
Keywords: In the provisions of the scientific article, the author analyzes the regulations governing the property and property relations of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and examines the views of scientists on the property of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Emphasizes that depending on the economic form in which the property acquires, it is divided into fixed assets, current assets, funds, goods and considers their features depending on the sphere of existence. Determines the features of determining the economic form of property of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in special legislation and bylaws. Emphasizes the ramifications of regulations governing this area and offers the author's vision of improving the regulatory framework governing property, including economic forms and property relations in the Armed Forces of Ukraine, taking into account international standards.

CRIMINAL PROBLEMS OF ESTABLISHING AND OVERCOMING A SIMULATION OF A SUSPECT IN A PRE-TRIAL INVESTIGATION

Bogdan Burbelo

Head of the Forensic Department Providing Investigative Management
Main Directorate of the National Police in the Kharkiv region (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-1889-0713
Anotation. Based on the analysis of materials of investigative and judicial practice, as well as scientific literature, the relevance of the study of forensic problems of detection and counteraction of simulation is determined. The analysis of the concept of “simulation” and its types is carried out. The motive and the purpose of application of simulation by suspects are considered. The necessary knowledge that should be professionally possessed by investigators, prosecutors, judges to address issues related to the detection of simulants has been identified. Based on the analysis of the materials of investigative and judicial practice, as well as the scientific literature, the relevance of the study of forensic problems of detection and counteraction of simulation is determined. The analysis of the concept of “simulation” and its types is carried out. The motive and the purpose of application of simulation by suspects are considered. The necessary knowledge that should be professionally possessed by investigators, prosecutors, judges to address issues related to the detection of simulations has been identified. Based on the analysis of materials of investigative and judicial practice, as well as scientific literature, the relevance of the study of forensic problems of detection and counteraction of simulation is determined. The notion “simulation” and its species are analyzed. The motive and goal of simulation usage by accused are determined. Necessary knowledge which investigators, prosecuting attorneys, judges must professionally have to solve problems connected with simulators ’detection is defined.
Keywords: Based on the analysis of materials of investigative and judicial practice, as well as scientific literature, the relevance of the study of forensic problems of detection and counteraction of simulation is determined. The analysis of the concept of “simulation” and its types is carried out. The motive and the purpose of application of simulation by suspects are considered. The necessary knowledge that should be professionally possessed by investigators, prosecutors, judges to address issues related to the detection of simulants has been identified. Based on the analysis of the materials of investigative and judicial practice, as well as the scientific literature, the relevance of the study of forensic problems of detection and counteraction of simulation is determined. The analysis of the concept of “simulation” and its types is carried out. The motive and the purpose of application of simulation by suspects are considered. The necessary knowledge that should be professionally possessed by investigators, prosecutors, judges to address issues related to the detection of simulations has been identified. Based on the analysis of materials of investigative and judicial practice, as well as scientific literature, the relevance of the study of forensic problems of detection and counteraction of simulation is determined. The notion “simulation” and its species are analyzed. The motive and goal of simulation usage by accused are determined. Necessary knowledge which investigators, prosecuting attorneys, judges must professionally have to solve problems connected with simulators ’detection is defined.

IMPLEMENTATION BY THE INVESTIGATING JUDGE OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL PRINCIPLES OF CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS DURING THE SEARCH

Denys Bialkovskyi

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Criminal Law, Procedure and Criminology Institute of Law, Economics and International Relations of the International Humanities University, Senior Forensic Expert
Odesa Research Forensic Center of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (Odesa, Ukraine)

Anotation. In the article the author discusses the problem of implementation of the constitutional principles of criminal proceedings at the stage of pre-trial investigation in the criminal process of Ukraine during the implementation of such an investigative action as a search. The content of this investigative action is revealed. The actual grounds for the search are given. Features of application of search of habitation or other possession of the person are analyzed. The content of the principle of inviolability of housing is revealed, which is that it is not allowed to enter the home or other property of a person, conduct a search or search in them other than by a reasoned court decision, except as provided by the CPC of Ukraine. The peculiarities of judicial control over the observance of the right to inviolability of housing or other property of a person as one of the constitutional rights of persons, which the criminal procedural legislation of Ukraine imposes on the investigating judge, are investigated.
Keywords: In the article the author discusses the problem of implementation of the constitutional principles of criminal proceedings at the stage of pre-trial investigation in the criminal process of Ukraine during the implementation of such an investigative action as a search. The content of this investigative action is revealed. The actual grounds for the search are given. Features of application of search of habitation or other possession of the person are analyzed. The content of the principle of inviolability of housing is revealed, which is that it is not allowed to enter the home or other property of a person, conduct a search or search in them other than by a reasoned court decision, except as provided by the CPC of Ukraine. The peculiarities of judicial control over the observance of the right to inviolability of housing or other property of a person as one of the constitutional rights of persons, which the criminal procedural legislation of Ukraine imposes on the investigating judge, are investigated.

FEATURES OF SENTENCING IN THE FORM OF DEPRIVATION OF RIGHTS THROUGH THE PRISM OF JUDICIAL PRACTICE

Maksym Viunyk

Assistant Professor at the Department of Criminal Law
Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3350-6951
Anotation. The article considers some problems of sentencing in the form of deprivation of the right to hold certain positions or engage in certain activities that arise in judicial practice. Emphasis is placed on cases of sentencing without specifying the specific restrictions due to the nature of the crime, on ways to eliminate the shortcomings of the court decision in terms of the sentence. The practice of the appellate and supreme courts is analyzed, the ways of improvement and generalization of the practice of sentencing in the form of deprivation of the right are offered. It is concluded that the uniform application of the law determines public confidence in the courts and improves public opinion on justice and fairness. Ensuring the consistent and uniform application of laws, as well as encouraging the development of law through judicial practice is, first and foremost, the power of the Supreme Court. Therefore, it is the Supreme Court that should establish good case law on the appointment as a principal or as an additional punishment in the form of deprivation of the right to hold certain positions or engage in certain activities that will guide the courts of lower instances.
Keywords: The article considers some problems of sentencing in the form of deprivation of the right to hold certain positions or engage in certain activities that arise in judicial practice. Emphasis is placed on cases of sentencing without specifying the specific restrictions due to the nature of the crime, on ways to eliminate the shortcomings of the court decision in terms of the sentence. The practice of the appellate and supreme courts is analyzed, the ways of improvement and generalization of the practice of sentencing in the form of deprivation of the right are offered. It is concluded that the uniform application of the law determines public confidence in the courts and improves public opinion on justice and fairness. Ensuring the consistent and uniform application of laws, as well as encouraging the development of law through judicial practice is, first and foremost, the power of the Supreme Court. Therefore, it is the Supreme Court that should establish good case law on the appointment as a principal or as an additional punishment in the form of deprivation of the right to hold certain positions or engage in certain activities that will guide the courts of lower instances.

WAYS OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE UKRAINIAN MARITIME STATE

Alisa Voitkova

Assistant Lecturer at the Department of General Theoretical Jurisprudence
National University “Odesa Law Academy” (Odesa, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5056-8946
Anotation. The article is devoted to the question of the general legal characteristic of ways of development of the Ukrainian sea state. Ukraine is a maritime state with a strong maritime potential. Ukraine is a maritime state with a strong maritime potential. The current national legislation of Ukraine in the field of maritime policy to ensure maritime activities is analyzed, as the maritime policy of most countries is currently defined and formed in the framework of relevant policy documents, namely maritime doctrines or strategies. The norms of such documents determine the most significant and important directions of development of the maritime policy of the states, determine the strategic tasks and priorities of their development. It is emphasized that the existing doctrinal legal framework in the maritime sphere in the current difficult period for Ukraine is not enough to ensure the mechanism of implementation of maritime policy and maritime activities of Ukraine.
Keywords: The article is devoted to the question of the general legal characteristic of ways of development of the Ukrainian sea state. Ukraine is a maritime state with a strong maritime potential. Ukraine is a maritime state with a strong maritime potential. The current national legislation of Ukraine in the field of maritime policy to ensure maritime activities is analyzed, as the maritime policy of most countries is currently defined and formed in the framework of relevant policy documents, namely maritime doctrines or strategies. The norms of such documents determine the most significant and important directions of development of the maritime policy of the states, determine the strategic tasks and priorities of their development. It is emphasized that the existing doctrinal legal framework in the maritime sphere in the current difficult period for Ukraine is not enough to ensure the mechanism of implementation of maritime policy and maritime activities of Ukraine.

JUVENILE OFFENDERS AS OBJECTS OF PREVENTIVE ACTIVITY

Lilia Gachak-Velichko

Lecturer
Hetman Petro Sahaidachny National Army Academy (Lviv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5776-5352
Anotation. The article analyzes the issue of crime prevention among children, which is one of the main tasks set before law enforcement agencies in general and individual units of the state and society. It is emphasized that in the conditions of social and economic crisis, aggravation of criminogenic situation and growth of various offenses the requirements to activity of law enforcement agencies increase that causes necessity of the scientifically substantiated approach to its organization. It was found that the whole set of measures for the prevention of juvenile delinquency includes several components: analytical activities of bodies and services for children and special institutions for children; organizational activities aimed at eliminating the causes and conditions that contribute to the commission of offenses by minors; activities for planning preventive measures. Plans should be developed taking into account features of each region, area, city, area; coordination activities for the prevention of juvenile delinquency. It is emphasized that despite the significant number of scientific publications on various aspects of crime prevention, the problems of prevention of administrative offenses among minors are not given enough attention, which necessitates a detailed, comprehensive study of these issues. After all, despite the fact that administrative offenses are characterized by less public danger than crimes, failure to respond to them creates a feeling of impunity and permissiveness in minors, which can later lead to much more serious consequences.
Keywords: The article analyzes the issue of crime prevention among children, which is one of the main tasks set before law enforcement agencies in general and individual units of the state and society. It is emphasized that in the conditions of social and economic crisis, aggravation of criminogenic situation and growth of various offenses the requirements to activity of law enforcement agencies increase that causes necessity of the scientifically substantiated approach to its organization. It was found that the whole set of measures for the prevention of juvenile delinquency includes several components: analytical activities of bodies and services for children and special institutions for children; organizational activities aimed at eliminating the causes and conditions that contribute to the commission of offenses by minors; activities for planning preventive measures. Plans should be developed taking into account features of each region, area, city, area; coordination activities for the prevention of juvenile delinquency. It is emphasized that despite the significant number of scientific publications on various aspects of crime prevention, the problems of prevention of administrative offenses among minors are not given enough attention, which necessitates a detailed, comprehensive study of these issues. After all, despite the fact that administrative offenses are characterized by less public danger than crimes, failure to respond to them creates a feeling of impunity and permissiveness in minors, which can later lead to much more serious consequences.

PRACTICAL PROBLEMS OF ADMINISTRATIVE AND LEGAL REGULATION OF ENSURING THE RIGHTS OF THE PATIENT OF THE PSYCHIATRIC INSTITUTION AND WAYS OF THE SOLUTION

Serhii Gvozdyk

Applicant
Interregional Academy of Personnel Management (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4355-5060
Anotation. The relevance of the article is that identifying practical problems of administrative and legal regulation of the rights of patients in psychiatric institutions will help to improve the performance of duties and tasks by legal representatives, public authorities and employees of psychiatric institutions to help patients exercise their rights, create comfortable treatment conditions. The proposed solutions should be aimed at creating a single and more effective enforcement mechanism, and therefore will eliminate the conflict of laws. The article analyzes the types of practical problems of administrative and legal regulation of ensuring the rights of patients of a psychiatric institution. The content of each of these problems is clarified. The shortcomings and gaps of the administrative legislation in the researched sphere are pointed out. It is concluded that the problems in the administrative and legal regulation of ensuring the rights of patients in psychiatric institutions are caused by insufficient attention to raising the level of legal awareness of employees of psychiatric institutions and the level of legal education for patients of psychiatric institutions and their legal representatives. Another reason for the problems is the insufficient detail of the administrative procedure for ensuring the principles of psychiatric care established by international law, as a result of which their observance in practice is partial and voluntary.
Keywords: The relevance of the article is that identifying practical problems of administrative and legal regulation of the rights of patients in psychiatric institutions will help to improve the performance of duties and tasks by legal representatives, public authorities and employees of psychiatric institutions to help patients exercise their rights, create comfortable treatment conditions. The proposed solutions should be aimed at creating a single and more effective enforcement mechanism, and therefore will eliminate the conflict of laws. The article analyzes the types of practical problems of administrative and legal regulation of ensuring the rights of patients of a psychiatric institution. The content of each of these problems is clarified. The shortcomings and gaps of the administrative legislation in the researched sphere are pointed out. It is concluded that the problems in the administrative and legal regulation of ensuring the rights of patients in psychiatric institutions are caused by insufficient attention to raising the level of legal awareness of employees of psychiatric institutions and the level of legal education for patients of psychiatric institutions and their legal representatives. Another reason for the problems is the insufficient detail of the administrative procedure for ensuring the principles of psychiatric care established by international law, as a result of which their observance in practice is partial and voluntary.

PRINCIPLES OF TAX LEGISLATION AND THEIR ROLE IN REGULATING CONTRACTUAL RELATIONS IN THE FIELD OF TAXATION

Ihor Herashchenko

Applicant at the Department of Administrative and Customs Law
University of Customs and Finance (Dnipro, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-0694-8479
Anotation. The article is devoted to a comprehensive analysis of the principles of tax legislation and their role in regulating contractual relations in the field of taxation. The principles of law express the basic ideas, postulates that determine the content and direction of law. In addition, the principles of law form the basis of the legal system as a whole, and as a consequence act as a regulator of social relations. It was found that the principles of law should be understood as the starting principles that have developed in law at a certain historical stage under the influence of objective factors that regulate social relations and aim to combine group and individual interests of society. It is emphasized that the system of principles of tax legislation has been enshrined in Art. 4 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine. It is revealed that the directly established principles of tax law that affect the regulation of contractual relations in the field of taxation include: 1) the principle of general taxation (paragraph 4.1.1, paragraph 4.1 of Article 4 of the Tax Code of Ukraine); 2) the principle of equality of all taxpayers (principle of non-discrimination) (paragraph 4.1.2 of paragraph 4.1 of Article 4 of the Tax Code of Ukraine).
Keywords: The article is devoted to a comprehensive analysis of the principles of tax legislation and their role in regulating contractual relations in the field of taxation. The principles of law express the basic ideas, postulates that determine the content and direction of law. In addition, the principles of law form the basis of the legal system as a whole, and as a consequence act as a regulator of social relations. It was found that the principles of law should be understood as the starting principles that have developed in law at a certain historical stage under the influence of objective factors that regulate social relations and aim to combine group and individual interests of society. It is emphasized that the system of principles of tax legislation has been enshrined in Art. 4 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine. It is revealed that the directly established principles of tax law that affect the regulation of contractual relations in the field of taxation include: 1) the principle of general taxation (paragraph 4.1.1, paragraph 4.1 of Article 4 of the Tax Code of Ukraine); 2) the principle of equality of all taxpayers (principle of non-discrimination) (paragraph 4.1.2 of paragraph 4.1 of Article 4 of the Tax Code of Ukraine).

PASSENGER AS A LEGAL PERSON OF ADMINISTRATIVE-LEGAL RELATIONS IN THE TRANSPORT AREA

Ivan Golosnichenko, Rustam Agakaryan

Ivan Golosnichenko, Doctor of Law, Professor, Honored Lawyer of Ukraine, Deputy Director Institute of Intellectual Property and Law of National University “Odessa Law Academy” (Odesa, Ukraine)
Rustam Agakaryan, Postgraduate Student National University “Odessa Law Academy” (Odesa, Ukraine), Head of the First Next Department Territorial Administration of the State Bureau of Investigation, located in the city of Mykolaiv (Mykolaiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-6814-8683, ORCID ID: 0000-0003-0774-7660
Anotation. It is generally accepted in the science of administrative law to consider individuals and, among them, citizens of Ukraine, foreigners, stateless person as legal persons of administrative law. However, individuals possess not only a general administrative legal status, depending on their classification, especially on the types of services rendered thereto (educational services – students, transportation services – passengers, etc.), being under an influence thereof they acquire a special administrative legal status. Ensuring human rights and freedoms largely depends on the legal regulation of relations associated with the special status, in our case it is the legal status of a passenger. Despite the predominantly civil nature of the relationship between passengers and a carrier, the part thereof is still governed by administrative law. The article proposes a variant of rights and responsibilities of passengers of administrative legal nature, which should be enshrined in regulations governing water transport, to unify the rules of transport, in particular the adoption by the government of the relevant Model Rules, based on which local governments should adopt such rules taking into account regional peculiarities. One should comply with the law on power distribution in the course of adoption of the Rules on subway usage. During preparation of this article, the general methods of scientific knowledge, such as analysis, synthesis, abstraction, prediction, generalization, idealization, induction, deduction, analogy, comparative method, were used.
Keywords: It is generally accepted in the science of administrative law to consider individuals and, among them, citizens of Ukraine, foreigners, stateless person as legal persons of administrative law. However, individuals possess not only a general administrative legal status, depending on their classification, especially on the types of services rendered thereto (educational services – students, transportation services – passengers, etc.), being under an influence thereof they acquire a special administrative legal status. Ensuring human rights and freedoms largely depends on the legal regulation of relations associated with the special status, in our case it is the legal status of a passenger. Despite the predominantly civil nature of the relationship between passengers and a carrier, the part thereof is still governed by administrative law. The article proposes a variant of rights and responsibilities of passengers of administrative legal nature, which should be enshrined in regulations governing water transport, to unify the rules of transport, in particular the adoption by the government of the relevant Model Rules, based on which local governments should adopt such rules taking into account regional peculiarities. One should comply with the law on power distribution in the course of adoption of the Rules on subway usage. During preparation of this article, the general methods of scientific knowledge, such as analysis, synthesis, abstraction, prediction, generalization, idealization, induction, deduction, analogy, comparative method, were used.

ADMINISTRATIVE-TERRITORIAL ORGANIZATION OF UKRAINE AND THE USA AND ITS INFLUENCE ON LOCAL GOVERNMENT’S ORGANIZATIONAL FORMS

Kristina Goncharova

Postgraduate Student at the Constitutional Law Department
National University “Odessa Academy of Law”
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2835-9109
Anotation. The purpose of the article is to study the impact of administrative-territorial organization on organizational and legal forms of local self-government in Ukraine and the United States. Materials and methods of research. The study uses methods of deduction, induction, as well as synthesis and analysis, hermeneutic and comparative methods. In conducting the study, the author relied on a dialectical methodological approach, as well as systemic and axiological approaches. Results and discussion. The administrative-territorial structure of Ukraine is enshrined in the 1996 Basic Law. According to him, characterizing the organizational and legal forms of local government in Ukraine, we should pay attention to organizational and legal forms of local self-government in administrative-territorial units, whose residents are recognized as a territorial community (both with district division and without such division); organizational and legal forms of local self-government in administrative-territorial units, the inhabitants of which are recognized as a territorial community of the village, settlement; organizational and legal forms of local self-government in administrative-territorial units, which cover a significant number of territorial communities (districts, regions); organizational and legal form of local self-government in the capital of Ukraine – Kyiv. The US Constitution on Administrative and Territorial Organization contains only the provisions according to which the country is divided into states. The competence of each state includes the definition of its administrative-territorial structure and therefore there are administrative-territorial units that are different in name, but quite similar in nature and size. It is summarized that in relation to the United States should be identified organizational and legal forms of municipal government in counties, townships and similar administrative-territorial units, in which there are several settlements; in urban settlements; in rural settlements; in the US capital – the city of Washington, located in the District of Columbia. It is also necessary to identify organizational and legal forms of municipal government and school and special districts.
Keywords: The purpose of the article is to study the impact of administrative-territorial organization on organizational and legal forms of local self-government in Ukraine and the United States. Materials and methods of research. The study uses methods of deduction, induction, as well as synthesis and analysis, hermeneutic and comparative methods. In conducting the study, the author relied on a dialectical methodological approach, as well as systemic and axiological approaches. Results and discussion. The administrative-territorial structure of Ukraine is enshrined in the 1996 Basic Law. According to him, characterizing the organizational and legal forms of local government in Ukraine, we should pay attention to organizational and legal forms of local self-government in administrative-territorial units, whose residents are recognized as a territorial community (both with district division and without such division); organizational and legal forms of local self-government in administrative-territorial units, the inhabitants of which are recognized as a territorial community of the village, settlement; organizational and legal forms of local self-government in administrative-territorial units, which cover a significant number of territorial communities (districts, regions); organizational and legal form of local self-government in the capital of Ukraine – Kyiv. The US Constitution on Administrative and Territorial Organization contains only the provisions according to which the country is divided into states. The competence of each state includes the definition of its administrative-territorial structure and therefore there are administrative-territorial units that are different in name, but quite similar in nature and size. It is summarized that in relation to the United States should be identified organizational and legal forms of municipal government in counties, townships and similar administrative-territorial units, in which there are several settlements; in urban settlements; in rural settlements; in the US capital – the city of Washington, located in the District of Columbia. It is also necessary to identify organizational and legal forms of municipal government and school and special districts.

TYPICAL INVESTIGATIVE SITUATIONS OF THE INITIAL STAGE OF INVESTIGATION OF A PROPOSAL, PROMISE OR PROVISION OF UNDUE PROFIT

Hennadii Honcharuk

Applicant at the Department of Criminal Law Disciplines
Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-7979-0855
Anotation. The article is devoted to the identification of typical investigative situations of the initial stage of the investigation of a proposal, a promise or the provision of undue benefits, that is crimes provided for in Art. 369 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine. It is determined that the advantage of conducting an investigation by a group of investigators is the possibility of simultaneously conducting several investigative (search) actions. The disadvantage of group investigation is organizational costs – the need for tight planning, harmonization and standardization of approaches and results, division of labor, as well as a higher probability of information leakage. It should also be noted that when the staff of operational units perform the instructions of the investigator, they use the powers of the investigator. It is concluded that the task of the initial stage of the pre-trial investigation is the fastest collection of information necessary and sufficient to convict a particular person of committing the incriminated crime and its reliable procedural consolidation. Investigative situations of the initial stage of pre-trial investigation are superstructures of combinations of organizational, forensic, procedural, psychological features, states, actions and interactions over forensic and investigative situations of the beginning of criminal proceedings. Investigative situations of the initial stage of pre-trial investigation of the proposal, promise or provision of improper benefit should take into account the following characteristics – the ratio of time of notification of the crime and the fact of the objective side of the crime, description of the subject of the crime, organizational features and interactions.
Keywords: The article is devoted to the identification of typical investigative situations of the initial stage of the investigation of a proposal, a promise or the provision of undue benefits, that is crimes provided for in Art. 369 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine. It is determined that the advantage of conducting an investigation by a group of investigators is the possibility of simultaneously conducting several investigative (search) actions. The disadvantage of group investigation is organizational costs – the need for tight planning, harmonization and standardization of approaches and results, division of labor, as well as a higher probability of information leakage. It should also be noted that when the staff of operational units perform the instructions of the investigator, they use the powers of the investigator. It is concluded that the task of the initial stage of the pre-trial investigation is the fastest collection of information necessary and sufficient to convict a particular person of committing the incriminated crime and its reliable procedural consolidation. Investigative situations of the initial stage of pre-trial investigation are superstructures of combinations of organizational, forensic, procedural, psychological features, states, actions and interactions over forensic and investigative situations of the beginning of criminal proceedings. Investigative situations of the initial stage of pre-trial investigation of the proposal, promise or provision of improper benefit should take into account the following characteristics – the ratio of time of notification of the crime and the fact of the objective side of the crime, description of the subject of the crime, organizational features and interactions.

TO THE QUESTION ABOUT THE PROCEDURAL MECHANISM OF APPLICATION FINANCIAL AND LEGAL STANDARDS

Ilgar Guseinov

Postgraduate Student at the Department of State and Legal Disciplines
V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7518-3348
Anotation. The article is devoted to the implementation of the norms of law, which occupy one of the most important places among the urgent problems of legal science. In this article, the author pays special attention to the application of financial law as a complex process that has a beginning and end. Based on the general theoretical approaches of law, the author analyzes the provisions on the number of stages of law enforcement in the field of financial law, within each of which specific organizational and research tasks for the implementation of law are resolved. It has been determined that individuals who have a higher economic or legal education, a document, the receipt of which is recognized in Ukraine, the necessary knowledge of audit, finance, economics and commercial law, have at least three consecutive years of experience in the positions of an auditor, are entitled to obtain a certificate accountant, lawyer, financier, economist, assistant (assistant) auditor. Requirements from the applicant regarding the provision of other documents are prohibited.
Keywords: The article is devoted to the implementation of the norms of law, which occupy one of the most important places among the urgent problems of legal science. In this article, the author pays special attention to the application of financial law as a complex process that has a beginning and end. Based on the general theoretical approaches of law, the author analyzes the provisions on the number of stages of law enforcement in the field of financial law, within each of which specific organizational and research tasks for the implementation of law are resolved. It has been determined that individuals who have a higher economic or legal education, a document, the receipt of which is recognized in Ukraine, the necessary knowledge of audit, finance, economics and commercial law, have at least three consecutive years of experience in the positions of an auditor, are entitled to obtain a certificate accountant, lawyer, financier, economist, assistant (assistant) auditor. Requirements from the applicant regarding the provision of other documents are prohibited.

VALUE COMPONENT OF STATE POLICY IN THE FIELD OF STATE BORDER SECURITY

Volodymyr Nikiforenko

Ph. D. in Law, Doctorate
Interregional Academy of Personnel Management (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-1452-2312
Anotation. The scientific article is devoted to methodology of researches of the security of the state border and also its frame of reference. Characteristic features of the security of the state border as a public law arrangements are considered, therefore it is justified that researches of the security of the state border are consistent with these methodological approaches: dialectical, axiological, juridical-dogmatic and synergistic. Within the framework of axiological method were allocated universal and special principles of the security of the state border. The principle of proportionality was analyzed and justified that he has to be defined as an essential practical expression of principle of rule of law. Characteristic features of the principle of effectiveness is considered. It is highlighted that security of the state border should be provided according to fundamental principles of international law: principle of the territorial integrity of the states, the principle of inviolability of state frontiers and duty of the State to cooperate. It was considered that cooperation between subjects of international law in the security of the state border’s sphere is able to conduct as about law-enforcement and military activities. It was also analyzed the principle of peaceful settlement of disputes which conceptualized on a two statements: 1) priority of using treaty and legal method; 2) states military units can be used only if all other possible tools are not effective.
Keywords: The scientific article is devoted to methodology of researches of the security of the state border and also its frame of reference. Characteristic features of the security of the state border as a public law arrangements are considered, therefore it is justified that researches of the security of the state border are consistent with these methodological approaches: dialectical, axiological, juridical-dogmatic and synergistic. Within the framework of axiological method were allocated universal and special principles of the security of the state border. The principle of proportionality was analyzed and justified that he has to be defined as an essential practical expression of principle of rule of law. Characteristic features of the principle of effectiveness is considered. It is highlighted that security of the state border should be provided according to fundamental principles of international law: principle of the territorial integrity of the states, the principle of inviolability of state frontiers and duty of the State to cooperate. It was considered that cooperation between subjects of international law in the security of the state border’s sphere is able to conduct as about law-enforcement and military activities. It was also analyzed the principle of peaceful settlement of disputes which conceptualized on a two statements: 1) priority of using treaty and legal method; 2) states military units can be used only if all other possible tools are not effective.