Journal №4 (40) / 2021|KELM

LIST OF FILES

DEVELOPMENT OF CRITICAL THINKING IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN: WE CARRY OUT CONSIDERATIONS REASONABLY

Olena Kovalenko

Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of Preschool Education
Pedagogical Institute of Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-5957-7256
Anotation. The article considers the phenomenon of critical thinking, with the help of dictionaries, reference books, encyclopedias, etc. reveals the definitive characteristics of such basic research concepts as thinking, critical thinking, support, support. The normative-legal documents are analyzed, which reflect the issues of intellectual development of children in general and critical thinking in particular. Using the method of retrospective analysis, the classics of domestic pedagogy S. Rusova and V. Sukhomlynsky covered how the issues of intellectual upbringing of children were covered. Due to the elaboration of dissertation researches, a number of manuals, textbooks, separate publications the theoretical analysis of the researched question is carried out. The most effective approaches to the organization of the educational process in order to develop critical thinking in preschool children are identified. Recommendations for teachers of preschool education institutions are outlined and the most effective forms of organization of educational process for the purpose of development of bases of critical thinking at children of preschool age are listed.
Keywords: The article considers the phenomenon of critical thinking, with the help of dictionaries, reference books, encyclopedias, etc. reveals the definitive characteristics of such basic research concepts as thinking, critical thinking, support, support. The normative-legal documents are analyzed, which reflect the issues of intellectual development of children in general and critical thinking in particular. Using the method of retrospective analysis, the classics of domestic pedagogy S. Rusova and V. Sukhomlynsky covered how the issues of intellectual upbringing of children were covered. Due to the elaboration of dissertation researches, a number of manuals, textbooks, separate publications the theoretical analysis of the researched question is carried out. The most effective approaches to the organization of the educational process in order to develop critical thinking in preschool children are identified. Recommendations for teachers of preschool education institutions are outlined and the most effective forms of organization of educational process for the purpose of development of bases of critical thinking at children of preschool age are listed.

HISTORICAL RETROSPECTIVE OF FORMATION OF THE CONCEPT AND ROLE OF SCHOOL TEXTBOOK ON GEOGRAPHY IN THE PEDAGOGICAL PROCESS

Sviatoslav Yurchenko

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Pedagogy and Educational Management named after Bohdan Stuparyk
Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University (Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-6922-4462
Anotation. The article considers in retrospect the problem of formation and development of school textbooks, in particular in geography. A critical analysis of pedagogical and didactic research in this area is carried out. On the basis of systematization and generalization of studies of domestic and foreign scientists, the main stages of the development of textbook on geography are developed and characterized. A significant number of definitions of the concept of “textbook”, its concept, content and essential features have been determined. Based on the analysis of pedagogical literature, the understanding of the essence and role of the school textbook in pedagogical activity, didactic possibilities and practice of its application in the educational process are given. Historical and pedagogical approaches to the peculiarities of designing and working with a school textbook on geography are systematized. Methodical possibilities, principles and forms of application of the school textbook on geography for deeper, and the main thing rational mastering of geographical knowledge are presented. The place of the textbook on geography as the leading means of teaching in the educational environment is analyzed and its modern prospects of development are outlined.
Keywords: The article considers in retrospect the problem of formation and development of school textbooks, in particular in geography. A critical analysis of pedagogical and didactic research in this area is carried out. On the basis of systematization and generalization of studies of domestic and foreign scientists, the main stages of the development of textbook on geography are developed and characterized. A significant number of definitions of the concept of “textbook”, its concept, content and essential features have been determined. Based on the analysis of pedagogical literature, the understanding of the essence and role of the school textbook in pedagogical activity, didactic possibilities and practice of its application in the educational process are given. Historical and pedagogical approaches to the peculiarities of designing and working with a school textbook on geography are systematized. Methodical possibilities, principles and forms of application of the school textbook on geography for deeper, and the main thing rational mastering of geographical knowledge are presented. The place of the textbook on geography as the leading means of teaching in the educational environment is analyzed and its modern prospects of development are outlined.

ACTIVITIES OF THE ARTIST V. POLTAVETS IN THE PUBLISHING HOUSE “VESELKA” (1958–1975): TRENDS AND THE MAIN PROBLEMS

Oksana Poltavets-Guida

Associate Professor at the Department of Painting
Mykhailo Boichuk Kyiv State Academy of Decorative Applied Arts and Design (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2828-0801
Anotation. In the provisions of the scientific article on the example of the facts of the creative biography of V. Poltavets, a famous battle artist and graphic artist his activity as the main artist in the publishing house “Veselka” during 1958–1975 is investigated, which were characteristic of the second half of the twentieth century, which was expressed in the introduction of the method of socialist realism for artistic culture, focused on ideologically verified aesthetic canon and a certain range of recommended themes for figurative embodiment in art. The article proves that V. Poltavets, working in the publishing house “Veselka”, is professionally established as a graphic illustrator, devoting a lot of time to book illustration, illustrating works of Ukrainian and foreign classics. His works are marked by characteristic stylistic features inherent in the Ukrainian graphics of that time. In the 1950’s and 1960’s, the artist turned to a number of works by Soviet and Ukrainian writers on historical themes, which constituted the fund of classical literature of that time.
Keywords: In the provisions of the scientific article on the example of the facts of the creative biography of V. Poltavets, a famous battle artist and graphic artist his activity as the main artist in the publishing house “Veselka” during 1958–1975 is investigated, which were characteristic of the second half of the twentieth century, which was expressed in the introduction of the method of socialist realism for artistic culture, focused on ideologically verified aesthetic canon and a certain range of recommended themes for figurative embodiment in art. The article proves that V. Poltavets, working in the publishing house “Veselka”, is professionally established as a graphic illustrator, devoting a lot of time to book illustration, illustrating works of Ukrainian and foreign classics. His works are marked by characteristic stylistic features inherent in the Ukrainian graphics of that time. In the 1950’s and 1960’s, the artist turned to a number of works by Soviet and Ukrainian writers on historical themes, which constituted the fund of classical literature of that time.

National Pedagogical Dragomanov University (Kyiv, Ukraine)

Iryna Blynova

Ph. D., Assistant Professor, Head of the Department of Foreign Languages for Specific Purposes
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2788-5403
Anotation. The article deals with the study of comic means representation at the stylistic level. Modern English prose is characterized by a specific comic modality, which is a characteristic feature of the author’s individual style. The material of research is the English-language prose works of small forms by the most prominent writers, such as: K. Barry, M. Spark, R. Carver and R. Dahl. The leading means of the stylistic level, that contribute to the realization of the comic effect in bellesletters texts, have been analyzed. The main three groups of colloquial words, used by the authors to achieve a comic effect, have been focused on. The aforementioned writers use non-literary words, which are formed by means of abbreviating of the word, contamination of phrases and grammatical forms, changing the grammatical form of the word due to transposing different parts of speech, changing the word of a neutral or high stylistic colouring by means of different wordbuilding models (affixation, compounding, conversion, blending and their combination). The productive morphological means of creating a colloquial layer of vocabulary and word-building models have been pointed out.
Keywords: The article deals with the study of comic means representation at the stylistic level. Modern English prose is characterized by a specific comic modality, which is a characteristic feature of the author’s individual style. The material of research is the English-language prose works of small forms by the most prominent writers, such as: K. Barry, M. Spark, R. Carver and R. Dahl. The leading means of the stylistic level, that contribute to the realization of the comic effect in bellesletters texts, have been analyzed. The main three groups of colloquial words, used by the authors to achieve a comic effect, have been focused on. The aforementioned writers use non-literary words, which are formed by means of abbreviating of the word, contamination of phrases and grammatical forms, changing the grammatical form of the word due to transposing different parts of speech, changing the word of a neutral or high stylistic colouring by means of different wordbuilding models (affixation, compounding, conversion, blending and their combination). The productive morphological means of creating a colloquial layer of vocabulary and word-building models have been pointed out.

WHERE FOREIGN LITERATURE BEGINS

Oleksandr Glotov

Doctor of Philological Sciences, Professor, Professor at the Department of Foreign Languages and Learning Methods
Kremenets Taras Shevchenko Regional Academy of Humanities and Pedagogy (Kremenets, Ternopil region, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-1394-2817
Anotation. The analysis of the scientific and methodological approach to the foreign literature texts corpus formation in the curriculum for the upper grades of secondary schools in Ukraine has shown the prevalence of traditional methods of literary works selection. Most of the texts belong to the Eurocentric culture: French, German, English, Russian. At the same time, there are authors who can hardly be attributed to any national literature if we proceed from generally accepted criteria: language, nationality, state. Since the history of Ukrainian culture is intertwined with the history of many other European peoples, I suggest creating a special historical and literary category for such authors – “Literature of the peoples of Ukraine”.
Keywords: The analysis of the scientific and methodological approach to the foreign literature texts corpus formation in the curriculum for the upper grades of secondary schools in Ukraine has shown the prevalence of traditional methods of literary works selection. Most of the texts belong to the Eurocentric culture: French, German, English, Russian. At the same time, there are authors who can hardly be attributed to any national literature if we proceed from generally accepted criteria: language, nationality, state. Since the history of Ukrainian culture is intertwined with the history of many other European peoples, I suggest creating a special historical and literary category for such authors – “Literature of the peoples of Ukraine”.

ON THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF “ROBOT”: FROM ČAPEK TO MUSK

Pol Donets

Assistant Lecturer at the Department of Romance-Germanic Philology and Foreign Language Teaching
International Humanitarian University (Odesa, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-6759-0920
Anotation. The presented study aims at conducting an extensive stylistic analysis of the groundbreaking sciencefiction play “R.U.R.” by the Czech writer Karel Čapek, which marks its centennial anniversary this year. The reason for appealing to it was the human-like robot Tesla Bot, announced by Elon Musk, which may enter the market next year. The undoubted importance of the Čapek’s work lies in the fact that it not only gave us a commonly used term “robot”, but also a classical plot about the uprising artificial intelligence, which gets out of control and destroys humanity. We will try to find out what the first robot was like from the stylistic point of view, and how has it changed over the past hundred years. Further analysis shows that the tropes and figures of speech used by the writer are in most cases emotionally colored, that is, they contain elements of value – mostly negative, in this case. A significant feature of his idiostyle is high expressiveness, that is, solemn and pompous style, parallel syntax constructions, contrast and bright images. Relying on such classic dichotomies as “natural / artificial”, “body / soul” and “human / non-human”, he has become a science fiction trendsetter over the years.
Keywords: The presented study aims at conducting an extensive stylistic analysis of the groundbreaking sciencefiction play “R.U.R.” by the Czech writer Karel Čapek, which marks its centennial anniversary this year. The reason for appealing to it was the human-like robot Tesla Bot, announced by Elon Musk, which may enter the market next year. The undoubted importance of the Čapek’s work lies in the fact that it not only gave us a commonly used term “robot”, but also a classical plot about the uprising artificial intelligence, which gets out of control and destroys humanity. We will try to find out what the first robot was like from the stylistic point of view, and how has it changed over the past hundred years. Further analysis shows that the tropes and figures of speech used by the writer are in most cases emotionally colored, that is, they contain elements of value – mostly negative, in this case. A significant feature of his idiostyle is high expressiveness, that is, solemn and pompous style, parallel syntax constructions, contrast and bright images. Relying on such classic dichotomies as “natural / artificial”, “body / soul” and “human / non-human”, he has become a science fiction trendsetter over the years.

COMMUNICATIVE STRATEGIES IN DEVIANT COMMUNICATION (ON THE EXAMPLE OF UKRAINIAN LANGUAGE MEDIA)

Nataliia Elnikova

Senior Lecturer at the Department of Ukrainian Studies of the Faculty № 2
Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-5061-8226
Anotation. The article attempts to investigate the situation of linguistic confrontation in terms of using leading communicative strategies. Definitions of “deviant communication” and “strategy” are proposed, which are most acceptable in the context of aggressive communication in the Internet space. The leading strategies are determined to which language aggressors are addressed: provocation, discrediting, insult. Within the strategy of discredit, the tactics of discrimination, affliction, damage and humiliation are determined. It is assumed that the existence of a third component of communication – a “silent observer” – is one of the basic conditions for the implementation of deviant communication. An important conclusion is that the estimated component is the communicative basis of aggressive broadcasting, which forces access to the axiological component in an implicit or non-uniform form. The full-fledged questioning of a language strategy depends on which response in a situation of communication gives a discriminated person.
Keywords: The article attempts to investigate the situation of linguistic confrontation in terms of using leading communicative strategies. Definitions of “deviant communication” and “strategy” are proposed, which are most acceptable in the context of aggressive communication in the Internet space. The leading strategies are determined to which language aggressors are addressed: provocation, discrediting, insult. Within the strategy of discredit, the tactics of discrimination, affliction, damage and humiliation are determined. It is assumed that the existence of a third component of communication – a “silent observer” – is one of the basic conditions for the implementation of deviant communication. An important conclusion is that the estimated component is the communicative basis of aggressive broadcasting, which forces access to the axiological component in an implicit or non-uniform form. The full-fledged questioning of a language strategy depends on which response in a situation of communication gives a discriminated person.

SPIRITUAL COMPONENT OF EVERYDAY LIFE OF FIGHTERS OF IRREGULAR ARMED FORMATIONS OF KATERYNOSLAV REGION IN 1917 – FIRST HALF OF 1920S

Sergiy Zaitsev

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Historical Local History
Ivan Franko National University of Lviv (Lviv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2277-9345
Anotation. The article is devoted to the reconstruction of everyday spiritual practices of members of irregular armed formations in the Katerynoslav region during the Ukrainian Revolution and the first post-revolutionary years: leisure, celebrating holidays, relationships in collective, intimate life. The methodology is based on principles of objectivity, historicism and systematics. Historical-comparative, historical-typological, comparative and logical methods were used. It is noted that the daily life of fighters of local irregular armed groups were very different from the daily lives of regular army soldiers. The ways of solving the basic spiritual needs of everyday life by rebels and partisans: leisure activities, building relationships in the team, organization of intimate life are shown. Further study of the problems considered in article will allow a comprehensive study of the peculiarities of life of participants rebel-partisan movement in the territory of Katerynoslav region of the day of revolutionary upheavals, understand the range of their spiritual needs, use their experience today.
Keywords: The article is devoted to the reconstruction of everyday spiritual practices of members of irregular armed formations in the Katerynoslav region during the Ukrainian Revolution and the first post-revolutionary years: leisure, celebrating holidays, relationships in collective, intimate life. The methodology is based on principles of objectivity, historicism and systematics. Historical-comparative, historical-typological, comparative and logical methods were used. It is noted that the daily life of fighters of local irregular armed groups were very different from the daily lives of regular army soldiers. The ways of solving the basic spiritual needs of everyday life by rebels and partisans: leisure activities, building relationships in the team, organization of intimate life are shown. Further study of the problems considered in article will allow a comprehensive study of the peculiarities of life of participants rebel-partisan movement in the territory of Katerynoslav region of the day of revolutionary upheavals, understand the range of their spiritual needs, use their experience today.

THE PROBLEM OF DEATH AND IMMORTALITY OF PERSONALITY IN DESTRUCTIVE NEORELIGION

Pavlo Nesterenko

Postgraduate Student at Cultural Studies and Philosophical Anthropology Department of the Faculty of Philosophy and Social Sciences
National Pedagogical Dragomanov University (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-8252-6879
Anotation. The article first considers the idea of death and immortality of the individual in satanic neo-religions and neo-cults. The study uses the method of hermeneutics, as well as analysis and synthesis of religious sources. The author concludes that the ritual killings and destructive activities of some of the satanic cults are due to the religious worldview of their followers and the identification of themselves with the forces of evil. Based on research, it can be noted that ritual killings are practiced by some of the neocults of “traditional devil worshipers”. “Luciferians” and “reformed devil-worshipers” forbid ritual sacrifices in their religious teachings and promote a healthy lifestyle and obedience of state to their followers.
Keywords: The article first considers the idea of death and immortality of the individual in satanic neo-religions and neo-cults. The study uses the method of hermeneutics, as well as analysis and synthesis of religious sources. The author concludes that the ritual killings and destructive activities of some of the satanic cults are due to the religious worldview of their followers and the identification of themselves with the forces of evil. Based on research, it can be noted that ritual killings are practiced by some of the neocults of “traditional devil worshipers”. “Luciferians” and “reformed devil-worshipers” forbid ritual sacrifices in their religious teachings and promote a healthy lifestyle and obedience of state to their followers.

TRADE RATIONING OF THE SUGAR INDUSTRY ON THE LEFT BANK OF UKRAINE IN THE LATE XIX – EARLY XX CENTURIES

Valentina Olianych, Larysa Olianych

Valentina Olianych, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor at the Department of History and Socio-Economic Disciplines Municipal Establishment “Kharkiv Humanitarian Pedagogical Academy” of Kharkiv Regional Council (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
Larysa Olianych, Candidate of Historical Science, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of History and Socio-Economic Disciplines Municipal Establishment “Kharkiv Humanitarian Pedagogical Academy” of Kharkiv Regional Council (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-7880-6579; ORCID ID 0000-0002-4924-145X
Anotation. The article is devoted to the study of sugar trade and its rationing by the state in order to increase sugar production in the Left-bank Ukraine in the late XIX-early XX centuries, as well as issues of wholesale and fair trade. The sugar industry is an important link in the country's economic life, so the author considers it necessary to study the processes of sugar production, and as a result, the trade processes that took place during the study period. In connection with the publication of the law on rationing sugar production (1895), significant changes are taking place in the sugar industry, which have increased the inflow of share capital. The government set annual marginal prices and regulated its entry into the domestic market. The limits set by this law regulated various price fluctuations within the country and thus created favorable conditions for the development of the sugar industry. Confidence in large profits attracted new investments in this industry and, as a result, the construction of new factories. The government regulation of the price of sugar also played a positive role in its sale: the sharp fluctuation in the price of sugar was stopped, prices steadily decreased during 1895-1914, and the consumption of this valuable food product increased.
Keywords: The article is devoted to the study of sugar trade and its rationing by the state in order to increase sugar production in the Left-bank Ukraine in the late XIX-early XX centuries, as well as issues of wholesale and fair trade. The sugar industry is an important link in the country's economic life, so the author considers it necessary to study the processes of sugar production, and as a result, the trade processes that took place during the study period. In connection with the publication of the law on rationing sugar production (1895), significant changes are taking place in the sugar industry, which have increased the inflow of share capital. The government set annual marginal prices and regulated its entry into the domestic market. The limits set by this law regulated various price fluctuations within the country and thus created favorable conditions for the development of the sugar industry. Confidence in large profits attracted new investments in this industry and, as a result, the construction of new factories. The government regulation of the price of sugar also played a positive role in its sale: the sharp fluctuation in the price of sugar was stopped, prices steadily decreased during 1895-1914, and the consumption of this valuable food product increased.

DESTRUCTION/CLOSURE OF TEMPLES BY SOVIET AUTHORITY IN THE WESTERN REGIONS OF THE USSR AT THE BREAK OF THE 1970S–1980S: SCALE, REACH OF THE BELIEVERS

Roman Puida, Oleg Muravsky

Roman Puida, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Director of the Scientific and Technical Library Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas (Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine)
Oleg Muravsky, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Senior Researcher, Scientific Secretary Institute of Ukrainian Studies Ivan Krypyakevych of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Lviv, Ukraine), Junior Researcher at the Research Laboratory (Military-historical Research) Scientific Center of the Land Forces of Hetman Petro Sahaidachny National Army Academy (Lviv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-0438-9415; ORCID ID 0000-0002-2776-5156
Anotation. During the period of advanced socialism, the state and party bodies of the Soviet government made considerable efforts to propagate atheism and to combat the religiosity of the population. In this context, the Western Ukrainian regions played a special role, as a significant number of religious buildings were concentrated in the region, and the religiosity of the population was much higher than the official national indicators. The article considers the scale of destruction of churches in the Western Ukrainian region in the context of the policy of atheism of the local population by state and party authorities. The number of religious buildings that were destroyed or closed, repurposed into outbuildings was determined, and the methods of the believers’ struggle for the resumption of their activities in the second half of the 1960s and the first half of the 1980s were considered.
Keywords: During the period of advanced socialism, the state and party bodies of the Soviet government made considerable efforts to propagate atheism and to combat the religiosity of the population. In this context, the Western Ukrainian regions played a special role, as a significant number of religious buildings were concentrated in the region, and the religiosity of the population was much higher than the official national indicators. The article considers the scale of destruction of churches in the Western Ukrainian region in the context of the policy of atheism of the local population by state and party authorities. The number of religious buildings that were destroyed or closed, repurposed into outbuildings was determined, and the methods of the believers’ struggle for the resumption of their activities in the second half of the 1960s and the first half of the 1980s were considered.

MEDIA GENRES USED TO COVER NEWS ON COVID-19 AND THEIR LEXICAL FEATURES

Alla Syvak

Teacher of English at the Department of Latin and Foreign Languages
Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University (Lviv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9930-2521
Anotation. A large number of prominent scholars have dedicated their scientific research to speech genres and their classification. However, growing popularity of the radio, television, mass media, and social networking sites requires excellent command of media genres which are on the periphery of linguistics and journalism. Thus, both linguistic and journalistic methods of research should be applied so as to study and define characteristic features of media genres. While linguistics puts emphasis on the vocabulary characteristic of media genres, journalism emphasizes dialogism as the most important criterion. The former provides us with an opportunity to scrutinize unique ways of vocabulary enrichment such as the introduction of neologisms, when the latter enables us to categorize media genres taking into account an impact made on the addressee by the author. Although a lot of information has been analyzed, the increasing number of new articles, web-sites, blogs, and vlogs provides data for further scientific research.
Keywords: A large number of prominent scholars have dedicated their scientific research to speech genres and their classification. However, growing popularity of the radio, television, mass media, and social networking sites requires excellent command of media genres which are on the periphery of linguistics and journalism. Thus, both linguistic and journalistic methods of research should be applied so as to study and define characteristic features of media genres. While linguistics puts emphasis on the vocabulary characteristic of media genres, journalism emphasizes dialogism as the most important criterion. The former provides us with an opportunity to scrutinize unique ways of vocabulary enrichment such as the introduction of neologisms, when the latter enables us to categorize media genres taking into account an impact made on the addressee by the author. Although a lot of information has been analyzed, the increasing number of new articles, web-sites, blogs, and vlogs provides data for further scientific research.

BODY AS A CENTER OF ORGANIZATION OF EVERYDAY LIFE ART OF CHARACTERS OF I. ROZDOBUDKO’S AND M. GRETKOVSKA’S PROSE

Іryna Smarovoz

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Ukrainian and Foreign Literatures and Comparative Literature Studies
Berdyansk State Pedagogical University (Berdiansk, Zaporizhzhia region, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-8686-6195
Anotation. This paper investigates artistic representation of the body and its influence on the organization of characters’ everyday life of the novels “Faride” by I. Rozdobudko and “Favorites” by M. Gretkovskaya. The study was carried out according to the principles of the body-mimetic method of F. Steibuk that helped to look at the body through the prism of categories of corporeality (beauty, memory, pain, suffering, love, death). A comparative analysis of the selected texts showed that despite the contrasting manners of writing and different themes of the novels there are many similarities between them. It is concluded that although the body in both novels is the basis for the construction of the character’s everyday life each of the authors builds her own concept of corporeality due to her own style of writing. It is noticed that in the authors’ concepts of corporeality following notions contrast: spiritual-physical (physiological), beauty-attractivenesssexuality, memory-oblivion, etc.
Keywords: This paper investigates artistic representation of the body and its influence on the organization of characters’ everyday life of the novels “Faride” by I. Rozdobudko and “Favorites” by M. Gretkovskaya. The study was carried out according to the principles of the body-mimetic method of F. Steibuk that helped to look at the body through the prism of categories of corporeality (beauty, memory, pain, suffering, love, death). A comparative analysis of the selected texts showed that despite the contrasting manners of writing and different themes of the novels there are many similarities between them. It is concluded that although the body in both novels is the basis for the construction of the character’s everyday life each of the authors builds her own concept of corporeality due to her own style of writing. It is noticed that in the authors’ concepts of corporeality following notions contrast: spiritual-physical (physiological), beauty-attractivenesssexuality, memory-oblivion, etc.

LEXICAL AND SEMANTIC TECTONICS OF PUBLICIST CINEMA DISCOURSE: LEVELS OF INFLUENCE

Olena Shcherbak

Candidate of Philology Science, Senior Lecturer at the Department of Applied Linguistics
Admiral Makarov National University of Shipbuilding (Mykolaiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000–0003–3097–7878
Anotation. In this article the analysis of lexical-semantic tectonics of journalistic film discourse is carried out with definition of influential levels of the corresponding constructs available in it. The author emphasizes the expediency of using the term “publicist cinema discourse” due to the presence of connections with the journalistic style of language and gives a brief overview of its scientific reflection. Based on the neurolinguistic model “Three Positions of Perception”, the author identifies three information blocks in the tectonics of publicist cinema discourse – “Document”, “Hero”, “Author” and within each presents the most common lexical and semantic representatives, dividing them by stylistic. The author also explains the influential potential of fixed lexical-semantic markers and determines the type of neurolinguistic process generated by them. Relevant actions were implemented using a number of general and special methods, among which the leading method was Milton-model identification and contextual-interpretive method. The main results: 1) within the information block “Document” the process of omission is activated to a greater extent, 2) within the information block “Hero” – the process of distortion; 3) the information block “Author” is qualified as having a “shadow presentation”.
Keywords: In this article the analysis of lexical-semantic tectonics of journalistic film discourse is carried out with definition of influential levels of the corresponding constructs available in it. The author emphasizes the expediency of using the term “publicist cinema discourse” due to the presence of connections with the journalistic style of language and gives a brief overview of its scientific reflection. Based on the neurolinguistic model “Three Positions of Perception”, the author identifies three information blocks in the tectonics of publicist cinema discourse – “Document”, “Hero”, “Author” and within each presents the most common lexical and semantic representatives, dividing them by stylistic. The author also explains the influential potential of fixed lexical-semantic markers and determines the type of neurolinguistic process generated by them. Relevant actions were implemented using a number of general and special methods, among which the leading method was Milton-model identification and contextual-interpretive method. The main results: 1) within the information block “Document” the process of omission is activated to a greater extent, 2) within the information block “Hero” – the process of distortion; 3) the information block “Author” is qualified as having a “shadow presentation”.

SELF-ACTUALIZATION OF PERSONS WITH DIFFERENT SELF-DEVELOPMENT

Olena Babchuk, Kateryna Iovitsyna

Olena Babchuk, Candidate of Psychology, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Family and Special Pedagogy and Psychology South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K.D. Ushynsky (Odesa, Ukraine)
Kateryna Iovitsyna, Graduate student of the Department of Family and Special Pedagogy and Psychology South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K.D. Ushynsky (Odesa, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5712-909X; ORCID ID 0000-0001-7936-5034
Anotation. The phenomena of self-actualization and self-development of personality and their relation in foreign humanistic and domestic psychology are considered. The article presents the results of the theoretical and empirical study of the peculiarities of interconnections between indicators of self-actualization of personality and disposition characteristics of self-development of personality and research of self-actualization of persons with different levels of selfdevelopment. The presence of numerous substantial bonds between the studied parameters indicating the significance for self-development of such psychological qualities as valuable orientations and self-esteem are established. Empirically highlighted groups of people with high and low level of self-development of the individual. It is established that persons who have a low level of self-development differ from representatives having a high level of self-development. It is proved that the person who is self-actualized has a high level of self-development.
Keywords: The phenomena of self-actualization and self-development of personality and their relation in foreign humanistic and domestic psychology are considered. The article presents the results of the theoretical and empirical study of the peculiarities of interconnections between indicators of self-actualization of personality and disposition characteristics of self-development of personality and research of self-actualization of persons with different levels of selfdevelopment. The presence of numerous substantial bonds between the studied parameters indicating the significance for self-development of such psychological qualities as valuable orientations and self-esteem are established. Empirically highlighted groups of people with high and low level of self-development of the individual. It is established that persons who have a low level of self-development differ from representatives having a high level of self-development. It is proved that the person who is self-actualized has a high level of self-development.

ATTITUDE PSYCHOMATRIX OF TEACHER'S CONFLICTOLOGICAL COMPETENCE

Kateryna Mulika

Postgraduate Student at the Laboratory of Psychology of Political-Legal Relations
Institute for Social and Political Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4959-3789
Anotation. This paper presents analysis models of person’s conflictological competence are used in experts’ preparation for work in the conflictogenic environment is. It is established that domestic models consist of knowledge, skills and motivational-volitional components. The results of an empirical study (2020) on the implementation of conflictological competencies by specialists trained in conflictology are presented. A specially designed questionnaire “Conflictological competence of a teacher: potential and barriers” was used. The survey sample consisted of 64 teachers from nine parts of Poltava region, who in different years (2010–2019) have passed the training programs for conflict mediators. It was found that 46,9% of trained professionals do not use mediation in conflict; 37,5% note the unpreparedness of the educational system for open discussion of contradictions. The difficulties in introducing the acquired knowledge, skills and abilities in conflict studies are the special subjective attitudes of teachers and the socio-psychological conditions of the organization. The proposed «Attitude psychomatrix of teacher’s conflict competence», developed within the concepts of “psychology of personality” by V. Myasishchev. The necessity of development of the attitude component of the teacher’s conflictological competence, taking into account the sociopsychological conditions of the educational institution, those can block the conflictological competence of the practicing teacher, is substantiated.
Keywords: This paper presents analysis models of person’s conflictological competence are used in experts’ preparation for work in the conflictogenic environment is. It is established that domestic models consist of knowledge, skills and motivational-volitional components. The results of an empirical study (2020) on the implementation of conflictological competencies by specialists trained in conflictology are presented. A specially designed questionnaire “Conflictological competence of a teacher: potential and barriers” was used. The survey sample consisted of 64 teachers from nine parts of Poltava region, who in different years (2010–2019) have passed the training programs for conflict mediators. It was found that 46,9% of trained professionals do not use mediation in conflict; 37,5% note the unpreparedness of the educational system for open discussion of contradictions. The difficulties in introducing the acquired knowledge, skills and abilities in conflict studies are the special subjective attitudes of teachers and the socio-psychological conditions of the organization. The proposed «Attitude psychomatrix of teacher’s conflict competence», developed within the concepts of “psychology of personality” by V. Myasishchev. The necessity of development of the attitude component of the teacher’s conflictological competence, taking into account the sociopsychological conditions of the educational institution, those can block the conflictological competence of the practicing teacher, is substantiated.

PECULIARITIES OF THE STRUCTURE OF CONSUMER ACTIVITY DEPENDING ON AGE AND SEX

Anna Nikolska

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Practical Psychology
Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University (Kiev, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-6465-9558
Anotation. The article theoretically and empirically investigates the features of the structure of consumer activity depending on age and sex. The general level of ability to set a goal, the choice of means to achieve it and the ability to evaluate the result is determined. The comparison of indicators on scales for subgroups of women and men is carried out. Peculiarities of manifestation of characteristics depending on age category are investigated. It is determined which age of consumers may be most sensitive to receiving advice from the side. To achieve the goal of the study, the method “Purpose-Means-Result” was used by A.A. Karmanova, as it allows to consider in detail the process of personality activity, starting from goal planning and ending with the reaction to the result and style of thinking. The results of the method are processed quantitatively and qualitatively, distributed on scales and presented graphically. The article also analyzes how gender affects the ability to plan, perform and evaluate activities. Based on the obtained data, it is determined at what age consumers are able to set goals and make decisions independently, and at what age – to use outside help.
Keywords: The article theoretically and empirically investigates the features of the structure of consumer activity depending on age and sex. The general level of ability to set a goal, the choice of means to achieve it and the ability to evaluate the result is determined. The comparison of indicators on scales for subgroups of women and men is carried out. Peculiarities of manifestation of characteristics depending on age category are investigated. It is determined which age of consumers may be most sensitive to receiving advice from the side. To achieve the goal of the study, the method “Purpose-Means-Result” was used by A.A. Karmanova, as it allows to consider in detail the process of personality activity, starting from goal planning and ending with the reaction to the result and style of thinking. The results of the method are processed quantitatively and qualitatively, distributed on scales and presented graphically. The article also analyzes how gender affects the ability to plan, perform and evaluate activities. Based on the obtained data, it is determined at what age consumers are able to set goals and make decisions independently, and at what age – to use outside help.

PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE LEVEL OF SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING OF SOCIAL WORKERS

Larisa Petrasiuk

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Differential and Special Psychology
Odesa I. I. Mechnikov National University (Odesa, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4084-8500
Anotation. The article analyzes the problems of subjective well-being and psychological health of social workers. The factors and sources of subjective well-being are analyzed. The theoretical foundations of the study are presented by the work of scientists who have studied the problems of psychological well-being of social workers, regarding positive aspects of profession which can influence social work practitioners as individuals. The research is based on interviews with social workers and volunteers, whose level of subjective well-being is the highest among the group of specialists we interviewed. The study analyzes the factors that affect the high level of subjective well-being of the individual, in particular personal factors: habits and behaviours, interpersonal relationships, manifestations of individuality outside the workplace, the difference in self-identification in the workplace and outside. The most effective ways to avoid a large number of negative experiences among the interviewed employees are analyzed, in particular, ways to deal with, withstand or prevent certain stressful situations. The following article describes the peculiarities of the relationship between the personal life of social workers and their professional activities with further comprehensive reflection of the state of general well-being.
Keywords: The article analyzes the problems of subjective well-being and psychological health of social workers. The factors and sources of subjective well-being are analyzed. The theoretical foundations of the study are presented by the work of scientists who have studied the problems of psychological well-being of social workers, regarding positive aspects of profession which can influence social work practitioners as individuals. The research is based on interviews with social workers and volunteers, whose level of subjective well-being is the highest among the group of specialists we interviewed. The study analyzes the factors that affect the high level of subjective well-being of the individual, in particular personal factors: habits and behaviours, interpersonal relationships, manifestations of individuality outside the workplace, the difference in self-identification in the workplace and outside. The most effective ways to avoid a large number of negative experiences among the interviewed employees are analyzed, in particular, ways to deal with, withstand or prevent certain stressful situations. The following article describes the peculiarities of the relationship between the personal life of social workers and their professional activities with further comprehensive reflection of the state of general well-being.

FEMININITY AS AN INTEGRAL ASPECT OF FORMATION OF RELATIONSHIPS IN THE MODERN DIMENSION

Kateryna Sotnikova

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Practical Psychology and Social Work
Volodymyr Dahl East Ukrainian National University (Sievierodonetsk, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9553-4897
Anotation. The article considers the peculiarities of the development of women’s identity in the current social realities. A modern understanding of the phenomenon of femininity is described. Conceptual approaches to the concept of “femininity” are discussed. Aspects of femininity formation in the conditions of gender equality of the modern world are determined. The notions of femininity in both women and men are contradictory and “blurred”. Femininity is ideal for most women. There is a discrepancy and even the opposite of the images of women and successful women in the imagination of women. Femininity is more associated with areas of women’s lives such as family and motherhood. The characteristic problems of relationship formation and the importance of femininity for their harmonization are analyzed. Self-esteem of femininity is associated with a conscious or unconscious desire to conform to the ideal of femininity. It is stated that wanting to be feminine, women strive to come to inner balance and harmony, rather than developing a certain set of qualities.
Keywords: The article considers the peculiarities of the development of women’s identity in the current social realities. A modern understanding of the phenomenon of femininity is described. Conceptual approaches to the concept of “femininity” are discussed. Aspects of femininity formation in the conditions of gender equality of the modern world are determined. The notions of femininity in both women and men are contradictory and “blurred”. Femininity is ideal for most women. There is a discrepancy and even the opposite of the images of women and successful women in the imagination of women. Femininity is more associated with areas of women’s lives such as family and motherhood. The characteristic problems of relationship formation and the importance of femininity for their harmonization are analyzed. Self-esteem of femininity is associated with a conscious or unconscious desire to conform to the ideal of femininity. It is stated that wanting to be feminine, women strive to come to inner balance and harmony, rather than developing a certain set of qualities.

TRENDS OF INTER-INSTITUTIONAL COOPERATION IN THE ELECTORAL PROCESS IN UKRAINE

Lilia Yakovleva

Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of Regional Policy of the Public Administration
Odesa Regional Institute for Public Administration of the National Academy for Public Administration under the President of Ukraine (Odesa, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-0942-485X
Anotation. The article is devoted to the study of the legitimacy of public power. Such characteristics of legitimacy as innovation and inclusiveness are determined on the basis of the theory of power as a generalized means of communication (N. Luhmann). It is noted that the phenomenon of legitimacy permeates the relationship between the state and civil society, meaningfully filling the communication between the government and citizens, since the government needs public support, and citizens demand effectiveness from the government. It combines both the attitude of citizens to the social order and the perception of individual political leaders, ideas about institutions and participation in the activities of social and political organizations. In the thesaurus of modern political science, legitimacy is an integral concept, the essence of which is revealed through the study of communicative, institutional, organizational and legal dimensions of public power.
Keywords: The article is devoted to the study of the legitimacy of public power. Such characteristics of legitimacy as innovation and inclusiveness are determined on the basis of the theory of power as a generalized means of communication (N. Luhmann). It is noted that the phenomenon of legitimacy permeates the relationship between the state and civil society, meaningfully filling the communication between the government and citizens, since the government needs public support, and citizens demand effectiveness from the government. It combines both the attitude of citizens to the social order and the perception of individual political leaders, ideas about institutions and participation in the activities of social and political organizations. In the thesaurus of modern political science, legitimacy is an integral concept, the essence of which is revealed through the study of communicative, institutional, organizational and legal dimensions of public power.

POPULAR SCIENCE TELEVISION AS A SOCIAL ORDER AND EDUCATIONAL MODEL: THE EXPERIENCE OF UKRAINE

Oles Goian, Roksolana Kravchenko

Oles Goian, Doctor of Philological Sciences, Professor, Professor at the Department of TV and Radio Institute of Journalism of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (Kyiv, Ukraine)
Roksolana Kravchenko, Postgraduate Student at the Department of TV and Radio, Institute of Journalism Institute of Journalism of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4264-2613; ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9063-4282
Anotation. Popular science TV programs have high ratings in the world and occupy an important place to position their countries as technologically advanced, and those which involve their citizens in the development of education and science. Using methods of description and content-analysis, a study, which showed that popular science television in Ukraine can not be considered sufficiently rated in the media market, was conducted. The only TV channel – the Public Broadcaster UA:Перший – which for its status and statute must develop popular science television in Ukraine, reduces the production of such content. Why, despite the noticeable social orders in society, popular science TV programs made in Ukraine are gradually leaving the Ukrainian media market? This is stated in the article, also respecting the fact that the popular science television is also the part of the educational model of society, which, with some funding and production concept, is able to significantly modernize curricula in secondary and higher education.
Keywords: Popular science TV programs have high ratings in the world and occupy an important place to position their countries as technologically advanced, and those which involve their citizens in the development of education and science. Using methods of description and content-analysis, a study, which showed that popular science television in Ukraine can not be considered sufficiently rated in the media market, was conducted. The only TV channel – the Public Broadcaster UA:Перший – which for its status and statute must develop popular science television in Ukraine, reduces the production of such content. Why, despite the noticeable social orders in society, popular science TV programs made in Ukraine are gradually leaving the Ukrainian media market? This is stated in the article, also respecting the fact that the popular science television is also the part of the educational model of society, which, with some funding and production concept, is able to significantly modernize curricula in secondary and higher education.

DIGITAL DEMENTIA IN QUARANTINE REARANTINE OF MEDIA SPACE

Tetiana Rohova

PhD, Senior Lecturer at the Department of Journalism
Zaporizhzhia National University (Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3615-2861
Anotation. The goal was to describe the causes, latent and visible manifestations of digital dementia. The article lists the manifestations of digital dementia – disease officially recognized by WHO. It has been found that digital dementia is considered by researchers as one of the manifestations of Internet addiction. Men with a high level of intellectual abilities, critical thinking are more prone to painful conditions. The experience of countries in treatment methods is demonstrated, the current situation in Ukraine with the professional help is described. The factors of distribution of digital dementia of mass media during the pandemic period are outlined. Using the bibliosemantic method, the domestic / world experience of the problem is analyzed, describes Google applications. The method of synthesis and analogy allowed to form a sample questionnaire for the control group. A sample questionnaire for determining the manifestations of digital dementia based on the Kimberly Young method has been published.
Keywords: The goal was to describe the causes, latent and visible manifestations of digital dementia. The article lists the manifestations of digital dementia – disease officially recognized by WHO. It has been found that digital dementia is considered by researchers as one of the manifestations of Internet addiction. Men with a high level of intellectual abilities, critical thinking are more prone to painful conditions. The experience of countries in treatment methods is demonstrated, the current situation in Ukraine with the professional help is described. The factors of distribution of digital dementia of mass media during the pandemic period are outlined. Using the bibliosemantic method, the domestic / world experience of the problem is analyzed, describes Google applications. The method of synthesis and analogy allowed to form a sample questionnaire for the control group. A sample questionnaire for determining the manifestations of digital dementia based on the Kimberly Young method has been published.

Odesa Regional Institute for Public Administration, National Academy for Public Administration under the President of Ukraine (Odesa, Ukraine)

Olena Hladunova

Postgraduate Student of Department of State Studies and Law
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3489-4746
Anotation. The provisions of the scientific article analyze the opinions of scientists on the understanding of the definitions of “standard”, “European standard”, “international standard in the justice system”. The topical problematic issues of the civil service in the system of judicial authorities are outlined, taking into account the prospects of their development. Some of the best practices of foreign countries in terms of solving the issue of remuneration of civil servants are presented. The main models of civil service organization have been identified and a new model of transforming the civil service of judicial institutions in the context of an imminent crisis situation has been developed. In order to accelerate Ukraine’s accession to the European Union, the need to strengthen the legislative foundation and take appropriate steps to deepen and expand mutually beneficial relations and fulfill long-term aspirations for European integration was emphasized.
Keywords: The provisions of the scientific article analyze the opinions of scientists on the understanding of the definitions of “standard”, “European standard”, “international standard in the justice system”. The topical problematic issues of the civil service in the system of judicial authorities are outlined, taking into account the prospects of their development. Some of the best practices of foreign countries in terms of solving the issue of remuneration of civil servants are presented. The main models of civil service organization have been identified and a new model of transforming the civil service of judicial institutions in the context of an imminent crisis situation has been developed. In order to accelerate Ukraine’s accession to the European Union, the need to strengthen the legislative foundation and take appropriate steps to deepen and expand mutually beneficial relations and fulfill long-term aspirations for European integration was emphasized.

SUNFLOWER PRODUCTION AS A FACTOR IN FORMING EFFICIENCY OF LAND USE IN AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES

Kateryna Honcharova, Kseniia Kirichenko

Kateryna Honcharova, Postgraduate Student at the Department of Economics of Enterprise and Business Organization Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
Kseniia Kirichenko, Postgraduate Student at the Department of Economics of Enterprise and Business Organization Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-8366-7577; ORCID ID 0000-0002-8366-7577
Anotation. The article emphasizes a growing importance of sunflower production for agriculture of Ukraine and the economy of enterprises. In recent years, sunflower production has increased significantly due to the expansion of sown areas and yields. Export of sunflower oil and seeds has notably increased, too. The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of sunflower on the efficiency level of agricultural land use and ability of enterprises to form a competitive position in relation to the rent for shares. The basis for the study are data on agricultural enterprises of Kharkiv region for 2019.The author compares the efficiency of sunflower production with wheat and corn for grain. In terms of production efficiency, sunflower is significantly ahead of the other two crops. The article concludes that the state should create an economic mechanism regulating the structure of land use, promoting their sustainable use.
Keywords: The article emphasizes a growing importance of sunflower production for agriculture of Ukraine and the economy of enterprises. In recent years, sunflower production has increased significantly due to the expansion of sown areas and yields. Export of sunflower oil and seeds has notably increased, too. The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of sunflower on the efficiency level of agricultural land use and ability of enterprises to form a competitive position in relation to the rent for shares. The basis for the study are data on agricultural enterprises of Kharkiv region for 2019.The author compares the efficiency of sunflower production with wheat and corn for grain. In terms of production efficiency, sunflower is significantly ahead of the other two crops. The article concludes that the state should create an economic mechanism regulating the structure of land use, promoting their sustainable use.

STATUS AND PROSPECTS FOR IMPROVE MECHANISMS OF ALIGNING THE STATE INTERESTS AND TERRITORIAL COMMUNITIES AT THE LOCAL LEVEL IN UKRAINE

Serhii Hryshko

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Public Policy Educational and Scientific Institute of Public Administration and Public Service
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-6643-4181
Anotation. The article is devoted to the current state characteristics and prospects for improve mechanisms of aligning the state interests and territorial communities at the local level in Ukraine. Taking into account scientific approaches to the concept and classification of mechanisms of public administration in general legal, organizational and economic mechanisms of aligning the state interests and territorial communities in Ukraine are highlighted and current state of the legal, organizational and economic mechanisms are characterized. It is established that the set of structural elements, tools and instruments that form the mechanisms specify the characteristic features of these mechanisms. In particular, acts of legislation as a set of forms and methods of legal regulation and law enforcement acts determine specify of legal mechanism, relevant organizational elements, including institutional and organizational formation and proceedings, frame organizational mechanism, and material and financial bases of local self-government indicate the economic mechanism. Prospects for improve the mechanisms of aligning the state interests and territorial communities in Ukraine are substantiated due to internal (processes of decentralization of power and the needs of residents of territorial communities) and external (Ukraine's implementation of the provisions of the Council of Europe, the development of local democracy in European countries) factors.
Keywords: The article is devoted to the current state characteristics and prospects for improve mechanisms of aligning the state interests and territorial communities at the local level in Ukraine. Taking into account scientific approaches to the concept and classification of mechanisms of public administration in general legal, organizational and economic mechanisms of aligning the state interests and territorial communities in Ukraine are highlighted and current state of the legal, organizational and economic mechanisms are characterized. It is established that the set of structural elements, tools and instruments that form the mechanisms specify the characteristic features of these mechanisms. In particular, acts of legislation as a set of forms and methods of legal regulation and law enforcement acts determine specify of legal mechanism, relevant organizational elements, including institutional and organizational formation and proceedings, frame organizational mechanism, and material and financial bases of local self-government indicate the economic mechanism. Prospects for improve the mechanisms of aligning the state interests and territorial communities in Ukraine are substantiated due to internal (processes of decentralization of power and the needs of residents of territorial communities) and external (Ukraine's implementation of the provisions of the Council of Europe, the development of local democracy in European countries) factors.

TAILORED APPROACHES FOR SUCCESSFUL LOCAL CREATIVE ECONOMY DEVELOPMENT: KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT, AGILE & EXTREME PROJECT MANAGEMENT

Тetiana Drobakhina, Тetiana Mamatova

Тetiana Drobakhina, Postgraduate Student at the Department of Public Administration and Local Self-Government Dnipro University of Technology (Dnipro, Ukraine)
Тetiana Mamatova, Doctor on Public Administration, Professor, Professor at the Department of Public Administration and Local Self-Government Dnipro University of Technology (Dnipro, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2443-6357; ORCID ID 0000-0003-1844-5377
Anotation. The article presents the results of creative industries project management best tested practices’ study, which demonstrated the usefulness of their applications in local development: knowledge management, in particular the tool “community of practice”, Agile and Scrum approaches. Modern tendencies of creative economy and project management in this sphere are revealed. The relationship between knowledge management, creativity and the ability to manage local creative economy development projects have been studied. The key features of project management approaches used in the creative economy sector are identified: traditional project management, Agile-, Extreme-, Emertxe project management. The study led to the conclusion about the features and new aspects of the analysis that should be considered when implementing the tested creative industry projects’ methodologies.
Keywords: The article presents the results of creative industries project management best tested practices’ study, which demonstrated the usefulness of their applications in local development: knowledge management, in particular the tool “community of practice”, Agile and Scrum approaches. Modern tendencies of creative economy and project management in this sphere are revealed. The relationship between knowledge management, creativity and the ability to manage local creative economy development projects have been studied. The key features of project management approaches used in the creative economy sector are identified: traditional project management, Agile-, Extreme-, Emertxe project management. The study led to the conclusion about the features and new aspects of the analysis that should be considered when implementing the tested creative industry projects’ methodologies.

PARTISIPATIVE LEADERSHIP STYLE AS AN INDICATOR OF LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT

Roman Storozhev

Ph.D., Doctoral Student at the Department of Parliamentary
Taras Shevchenko National University of Ukraine (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5103-7274
Anotation. Leadership style as a characteristic behavior of a leader is the prerogative in public administration activity. As follows the leader stimulates employees to achieve the goals of a public institution. The author of the article notes that style is primarily an element of the leadership system, which is characterized by individual characteristics that are directly determined by the personality of the leader. The article analyzes the first studies conducted by K. Levin on issues of the effectiveness of leadership style, which contributed to the separation of authoritarian, democratic and liberal style of management. In his research the author focuses on special aspects of the leadership styles study, in particular, the “hidden” that formed during the heyday of American business. The author also draws attention to such leadership styles as executive, proactive and inconsistent in terms of authoritarianism and collegiality. However, in public administration such a leadership style as participatory (democratic) is poorly explored. According to the author of the article, such a leadership style allows to achieve a high degree of cooperation in developing a common position on solving numerous tasks.
Keywords: Leadership style as a characteristic behavior of a leader is the prerogative in public administration activity. As follows the leader stimulates employees to achieve the goals of a public institution. The author of the article notes that style is primarily an element of the leadership system, which is characterized by individual characteristics that are directly determined by the personality of the leader. The article analyzes the first studies conducted by K. Levin on issues of the effectiveness of leadership style, which contributed to the separation of authoritarian, democratic and liberal style of management. In his research the author focuses on special aspects of the leadership styles study, in particular, the “hidden” that formed during the heyday of American business. The author also draws attention to such leadership styles as executive, proactive and inconsistent in terms of authoritarianism and collegiality. However, in public administration such a leadership style as participatory (democratic) is poorly explored. According to the author of the article, such a leadership style allows to achieve a high degree of cooperation in developing a common position on solving numerous tasks.

PECULIARITIES OF APPLICATION OF FOREIGN EXPERIENCE IN LEGAL REGULATION OF THE STATUS OF THE HEAD OF THE ENTERPRISE, OF THE INSTITUTION OR ORGANIZATION

Oleksandr Andrieienkov

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Labor Law and Social Security Rights of Kyiv
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-1287-8625
Anotation. In the article the author investigates features of application of foreign experience in legal regulation of the status of the head of the enterprise of establishment or the organization. A comparative description of the legislation of Western countries in this area. It is concluded that in the world there are basic approaches to the legal regulation of labor activity of the head of the organization. It is noted that currently in Ukraine there is a need to legislate the possibility of concluding agreements (reservations) to avoid competition. In connection with the above, it is recommended to establish appropriate mechanisms to conclude an agreement (reservation) on non-competition in the future Labor Code of Ukraine. The analysis of the experience of Great Britain showed the existence in the labor law of this country of effective mechanisms of influence on the head of the organization in order to protect against unfair competition and others. In Ukraine, on the other hand, neither judicial nor law enforcement practice has developed such mechanisms.
Keywords: In the article the author investigates features of application of foreign experience in legal regulation of the status of the head of the enterprise of establishment or the organization. A comparative description of the legislation of Western countries in this area. It is concluded that in the world there are basic approaches to the legal regulation of labor activity of the head of the organization. It is noted that currently in Ukraine there is a need to legislate the possibility of concluding agreements (reservations) to avoid competition. In connection with the above, it is recommended to establish appropriate mechanisms to conclude an agreement (reservation) on non-competition in the future Labor Code of Ukraine. The analysis of the experience of Great Britain showed the existence in the labor law of this country of effective mechanisms of influence on the head of the organization in order to protect against unfair competition and others. In Ukraine, on the other hand, neither judicial nor law enforcement practice has developed such mechanisms.

INFORMATION IN LAW AS A FUNCTIONAL CHARACTERISTIC OF THE MODERN SOCIAL DISCOURSE

Olha Balynska, Iryna Skovronska, Tetiana Holovach

Olha Balynska, Doctor of Law, Professor, Vice-Rector Lviv State University of Internal Affairs (Lviv, Ukraine)
Tetiana Holovach, Ph. D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of Foreign Languages and Culture of Professional Lviv State University of Internal Affairs (Lviv, Ukraine)
Iryna Skovronska, Ph. D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Foreign Languages and Culture of Professional Speech Lviv State University of Internal Affairs (Lviv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-0168-143X; ORCID ID 0000-0002-6261-3393; ORCID ID 0000-0002-6665-4416
Anotation. Based on the study of the categorical meaning of information as a specific quality of law, as its multifaceted (semantic, axiological, semiotic, communicative, epistemological, casual, and other) philosophical characteristics, a new concept for philosophy of law – information in law – is outlined and analysed. Analysis of its essence, content, features, methodology, and functionality gives grounds to distinguish between legal information and information in law, which are correlated as normative establishment and philosophical justification of the functionality of law. In this case, law acts as a symbolic relay of socially significant information. The sources of information in law are legal information itself, as well as all social information as a probable object of socio-philosophical knowledge. That is, legal information is a special legal concept, information in law is a philosophical and legal concept; and the first is the subject and basis of the study of the second.
Keywords: Based on the study of the categorical meaning of information as a specific quality of law, as its multifaceted (semantic, axiological, semiotic, communicative, epistemological, casual, and other) philosophical characteristics, a new concept for philosophy of law – information in law – is outlined and analysed. Analysis of its essence, content, features, methodology, and functionality gives grounds to distinguish between legal information and information in law, which are correlated as normative establishment and philosophical justification of the functionality of law. In this case, law acts as a symbolic relay of socially significant information. The sources of information in law are legal information itself, as well as all social information as a probable object of socio-philosophical knowledge. That is, legal information is a special legal concept, information in law is a philosophical and legal concept; and the first is the subject and basis of the study of the second.

ON THE ISSUE OF CONDUCTING A COMPARATIVE LEGAL ANALYSIS OF THE LEGISLATIVE MECHANISMS OF THE EU AND UKRAINE AIMED AT MEETING THE REQUIREMENTS FOR ENSURING THE PROCEDURES FOR CONFISCATION OF UNJUSTIFIED ASSETS

Andrii Bitsiuk

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Civil Law
National University “Odesa Law Academy” (Odesa, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-7443-0420
Anotation. Confiscation of unsubstantiated assets in civil proceedings is not an internal affair of every state today, because in a global economy, offenders can move valuables from one country to another in a matter of seconds at the touch of a button. Thus, interstate borders have ceased to be a guarantee of the security of corrupt politicians in cases where the countries where the offenses were committed and where the proceeds of corruption are located have passed laws on cooperation in tracking and confiscating illegally obtained assets both criminally and out of criminal proceedings. There is a growing trend in the world to use the institution of confiscation of unjustified assets acquired through corrupt income, according to which confiscation should be subject not only to income from a specific corruption crime for which the person was convicted, but also part of property, including assets, legality of sources of origin. which a person will not be able to prove in a competitive process.
Keywords: Confiscation of unsubstantiated assets in civil proceedings is not an internal affair of every state today, because in a global economy, offenders can move valuables from one country to another in a matter of seconds at the touch of a button. Thus, interstate borders have ceased to be a guarantee of the security of corrupt politicians in cases where the countries where the offenses were committed and where the proceeds of corruption are located have passed laws on cooperation in tracking and confiscating illegally obtained assets both criminally and out of criminal proceedings. There is a growing trend in the world to use the institution of confiscation of unjustified assets acquired through corrupt income, according to which confiscation should be subject not only to income from a specific corruption crime for which the person was convicted, but also part of property, including assets, legality of sources of origin. which a person will not be able to prove in a competitive process.

GENESIS OF IDEA ON THE FORMATION OF THE PROBLEM OF INVESTIGATION UNAUTHORIZED OCCUPATION OF LAND AND UNAUTHORIZED CONSTRUCTION

Iryna Hryshko

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Criminalistics
Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5277-0777
Anotation. The article is devoted to the study of the current state of scientific development of the problem of investigation of unauthorized occupation of land and unauthorized construction, its essential properties, characteristics, successive stages of formation. The importance and timeliness of the theoretical substantiation of the problem of investigation of the specified criminal offense is argued. It has been established that the effective fight against unauthorized occupation of land and unauthorized construction largely depends on how deeply the problems of its investigation are developed by criminalistics. It`s substantiated that the modern understanding of the problem of investigation of unauthorized occupation of land and unauthorized construction, originates in the first years of Ukraine's independence. New scientific approaches and offers on the decision of debatable problems are offered, perspective directions of the further researches are defined.
Keywords: The article is devoted to the study of the current state of scientific development of the problem of investigation of unauthorized occupation of land and unauthorized construction, its essential properties, characteristics, successive stages of formation. The importance and timeliness of the theoretical substantiation of the problem of investigation of the specified criminal offense is argued. It has been established that the effective fight against unauthorized occupation of land and unauthorized construction largely depends on how deeply the problems of its investigation are developed by criminalistics. It`s substantiated that the modern understanding of the problem of investigation of unauthorized occupation of land and unauthorized construction, originates in the first years of Ukraine's independence. New scientific approaches and offers on the decision of debatable problems are offered, perspective directions of the further researches are defined.

PERSON AS A SPECIAL SUBJECT OF SOCIAL SECURITY

Artem Derevyanko

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Labor Law and Social Security Rights
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4131-0155
Anotation. The article provides a theoretical and methodological analysis of the person as a special subject of social security. Ways of its optimization are substantiated. The main components of social security have been identified. It has been established that the study of human social security involves the application of a systemic approach, because the social structure of society is a system, its elements are individuals who unite in public organizations, associations, political parties and more. It is concluded that the individual is at the center of social security, his well-being – the main purpose of its implementation. The ways of providing a person as a special subject of social security in terms of such important components of social relations as economic, social-class, social-labor relations, social protection and pension provision are substantiated. An effective mechanism for providing a person as a special subject of social security requires the development and improvement of conceptual and legal bases for its provision.
Keywords: The article provides a theoretical and methodological analysis of the person as a special subject of social security. Ways of its optimization are substantiated. The main components of social security have been identified. It has been established that the study of human social security involves the application of a systemic approach, because the social structure of society is a system, its elements are individuals who unite in public organizations, associations, political parties and more. It is concluded that the individual is at the center of social security, his well-being – the main purpose of its implementation. The ways of providing a person as a special subject of social security in terms of such important components of social relations as economic, social-class, social-labor relations, social protection and pension provision are substantiated. An effective mechanism for providing a person as a special subject of social security requires the development and improvement of conceptual and legal bases for its provision.

INTRODUCTION OF THE PARADIGM OF RESTORATIVE JUSTICE IN THE CRIMINAL LEGISLATION OF UKRAINE

Olena Yevdokimova

PhD in Law, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of Criminal Law № 1
Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2584-9321
Anotation. For a long time, traditional criminal justice has been based on the idea of retaliation and prevention of new criminal offenses, as a result of which in the sanctions of articles of criminal law, punishment in the form of imprisonment is given a dominant position. This approach to combating crime leads to an increase in the number of convicts to this type of punishment, but does not reduce the level of recidivism. The recently developed restorative justice paradigm, which is based on the idea of reconciling the suspect / accused and the victim, can be an effective way to resolve a criminal conflict. The article investigates possible ways to expand the use of restorative justice ideas in the criminal legislation of Ukraine. The article proposes changes to Art. 46 of the Criminal code of Ukraine, namely to allow to apply its provisions to the persons who committed criminal offenses not for the first time.
Keywords: For a long time, traditional criminal justice has been based on the idea of retaliation and prevention of new criminal offenses, as a result of which in the sanctions of articles of criminal law, punishment in the form of imprisonment is given a dominant position. This approach to combating crime leads to an increase in the number of convicts to this type of punishment, but does not reduce the level of recidivism. The recently developed restorative justice paradigm, which is based on the idea of reconciling the suspect / accused and the victim, can be an effective way to resolve a criminal conflict. The article investigates possible ways to expand the use of restorative justice ideas in the criminal legislation of Ukraine. The article proposes changes to Art. 46 of the Criminal code of Ukraine, namely to allow to apply its provisions to the persons who committed criminal offenses not for the first time.

PECULIARITIES OF APPLICATION OF THE TARIFF SYSTEM OF PAYMENT IN LABOR AGRICULTURE

Sergii Kozachenko

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Labor Law and Social Security Rights
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2847-0595
Anotation. In the article the author highlights the main methodological approaches to the development of effective forms and systems of remuneration for harvesting cereals. The order of organization of labor at harvest, establishment of piece rates and formation of effective salary structure is systematically and consistently stated. The tariff grid for separate categories of workers of the agricultural enterprises is developed, the example of calculation of piece rates and additional payment of work on harvesting of grain crops is resulted. It is noted that currently in Ukraine the enterprises of the market agricultural sector of the economy have their own, accepted for this company tariff terms of payment, which are determined (in terms of their absolute size) by the economic capabilities of the enterprises and the degree of stability of their economic activity.
Keywords: In the article the author highlights the main methodological approaches to the development of effective forms and systems of remuneration for harvesting cereals. The order of organization of labor at harvest, establishment of piece rates and formation of effective salary structure is systematically and consistently stated. The tariff grid for separate categories of workers of the agricultural enterprises is developed, the example of calculation of piece rates and additional payment of work on harvesting of grain crops is resulted. It is noted that currently in Ukraine the enterprises of the market agricultural sector of the economy have their own, accepted for this company tariff terms of payment, which are determined (in terms of their absolute size) by the economic capabilities of the enterprises and the degree of stability of their economic activity.

INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR THE REALIZATION OF THE RIGHT TO HEALTHCARE IN PLACES OF IMPRISONMENT AND UKRAINIAN REALITIES

Yuliia Levytska

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Criminology and Criminal Enforcement Law
Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2297-3124
Anotation. The article provides a general description of international standards for ensuring the right of convicts to health care and medical assistance. The reports of the Ukrainian Parliament Commissioner for Human Rights during last 5 years are analysed and significant shortcomings in the medical sphere of penitentiary institutions are identified. It is proved that the comparative-historical approach demonstrates the stages of adaptation of Ukrainian legislation to international standards. The results show that international standards fully protect the rights of convicts to medical care. International soft law is evolving faster than national laws, thus serving as a model for other countries’ legislation. Detainees are found to be ill-treated and unable to receive proper medical care. During the years of independence, Ukraine has gradually harmonized national criminal executive legislation with international law, but several unresolved issues still exist in the sphere of medical care for convicted persons.
Keywords: The article provides a general description of international standards for ensuring the right of convicts to health care and medical assistance. The reports of the Ukrainian Parliament Commissioner for Human Rights during last 5 years are analysed and significant shortcomings in the medical sphere of penitentiary institutions are identified. It is proved that the comparative-historical approach demonstrates the stages of adaptation of Ukrainian legislation to international standards. The results show that international standards fully protect the rights of convicts to medical care. International soft law is evolving faster than national laws, thus serving as a model for other countries’ legislation. Detainees are found to be ill-treated and unable to receive proper medical care. During the years of independence, Ukraine has gradually harmonized national criminal executive legislation with international law, but several unresolved issues still exist in the sphere of medical care for convicted persons.

THE RIGHT TO ACCESS INFORMATION AS THE BASIS OF A DEMOCRATIC CONSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL MODEL OF THE ORGANIZATION OF AUTHORITY

Volodymyr Siverin

PhD in Law (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-0491-7196
Anotation. The article is devoted to the study of the specifics of the implementation of the right to access information in Ukraine, the development of recommendations for eliminating the factors and causes of violation of the latter, the formation of proposals for improving the regulatory regulation of this right and the institutional mechanism for ensuring it. The conducted doctrinal analysis of existing scientific research has shown that there is no single integrated approach to understanding the legal nature, content, specifics of implementation, role and significance of the right to access information in the processes of building a democratic constitutional and legal model of power organization.
Keywords: The article is devoted to the study of the specifics of the implementation of the right to access information in Ukraine, the development of recommendations for eliminating the factors and causes of violation of the latter, the formation of proposals for improving the regulatory regulation of this right and the institutional mechanism for ensuring it. The conducted doctrinal analysis of existing scientific research has shown that there is no single integrated approach to understanding the legal nature, content, specifics of implementation, role and significance of the right to access information in the processes of building a democratic constitutional and legal model of power organization.

LEGAL REGULATION OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN THE FORMATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF UKRAINE’S ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY: SOME ASPECTS

Diana Felonyuk

Applicant at the Department of Civil Law Disciplines
Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University (Lutsk, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5556-9200
Anotation. The article is devoted to the study of theoretical and legal aspects of public participation in the formation and implementation of environmental policy of Ukraine. Some scientific approaches to understanding the essence and content of environmental policy of the state and the role of the public as one of the subjects of its formation and implementation are analyzed, attention is focused on modern national and international regulation of such participation. Emphasis is placed on the ineffectiveness of the practical implementation of certain legal norms in this area and the lack of activity of public representatives in addressing issues of environmental protection and rational use of nature. It is substantiated that the effectiveness of interaction between the state and the public, achieving high results in preserving and protecting the environment, rational use of nature, directly depends not only on the existing legal framework, but also on the effectiveness of mechanisms for their implementation in practice. It is pointed out the need to intensify the efforts of the state in the direction of real cooperation with the public and the fullest possible involvement of its representatives in the formation and implementation of national environmental policy.
Keywords: The article is devoted to the study of theoretical and legal aspects of public participation in the formation and implementation of environmental policy of Ukraine. Some scientific approaches to understanding the essence and content of environmental policy of the state and the role of the public as one of the subjects of its formation and implementation are analyzed, attention is focused on modern national and international regulation of such participation. Emphasis is placed on the ineffectiveness of the practical implementation of certain legal norms in this area and the lack of activity of public representatives in addressing issues of environmental protection and rational use of nature. It is substantiated that the effectiveness of interaction between the state and the public, achieving high results in preserving and protecting the environment, rational use of nature, directly depends not only on the existing legal framework, but also on the effectiveness of mechanisms for their implementation in practice. It is pointed out the need to intensify the efforts of the state in the direction of real cooperation with the public and the fullest possible involvement of its representatives in the formation and implementation of national environmental policy.

ANNUAL INTEREST RATES AND INFLATION LOSSES AS SPECIAL FORMS OF CIVIL LIABILITY FOR BREACH OF MONETARY OBLIGATION

Serhii Cherkashyn

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Civil Law № 1
Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3549-4405
Anotation. The article is devoted to the study the problem of interest on annual and inflationary losses as a form of liability for breach of monetary obligation. The key features of interest on annual and inflationary costs stem from the special status of money and monetary obligations in civil law. That’s why researching money is vital for this article. Attention is paid to both the classical works of scientists and modern views on the problem of civil liability in monetary obligation. In the process of analysis and comparison of all forms of civil liability, the peculiarities of the percentages of annual and inflationary losses were established, which allow us to speak about the independent nature of these sanctions. On the basis of certain features, it is possible to distinguish all forms of civil liability
Keywords: The article is devoted to the study the problem of interest on annual and inflationary losses as a form of liability for breach of monetary obligation. The key features of interest on annual and inflationary costs stem from the special status of money and monetary obligations in civil law. That’s why researching money is vital for this article. Attention is paid to both the classical works of scientists and modern views on the problem of civil liability in monetary obligation. In the process of analysis and comparison of all forms of civil liability, the peculiarities of the percentages of annual and inflationary losses were established, which allow us to speak about the independent nature of these sanctions. On the basis of certain features, it is possible to distinguish all forms of civil liability

REGULATORY AND LEGAL ASPECTS OF CONCLUSION OF MARRIAGE IN THE UKRAINIAN LANDS IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE: HISTORICAL AND LEGAL ANALYSIS

Dmytro Shevchenko

PhD in Law, Doctoral Student
Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-7891-3331
Anotation. The scientific article is devoted to the study and comprehensive analysis of the legal aspects of marriage in the Ukrainian lands as part of the Russian Empire under ecclesiastical law. Taking into account the doctrinal research, it stated that the marriage legislation until the twentieth century was not actually secular. Lawmakers stubbornly refused to carry out the reforms recognized as necessary by all leading experts in the field of civil law. Legislators had a negative attitude towards the introduction of civil marriage – such a marriage was not only not allowed, but was never even formally recognized if it was concluded in the countries where they existed. Interestingly, even in 1902, the Russian Empire refused to sign the Hague Convention, which provided for the mutual recognition of marriages concluded in foreign countries under their laws.
Keywords: The scientific article is devoted to the study and comprehensive analysis of the legal aspects of marriage in the Ukrainian lands as part of the Russian Empire under ecclesiastical law. Taking into account the doctrinal research, it stated that the marriage legislation until the twentieth century was not actually secular. Lawmakers stubbornly refused to carry out the reforms recognized as necessary by all leading experts in the field of civil law. Legislators had a negative attitude towards the introduction of civil marriage – such a marriage was not only not allowed, but was never even formally recognized if it was concluded in the countries where they existed. Interestingly, even in 1902, the Russian Empire refused to sign the Hague Convention, which provided for the mutual recognition of marriages concluded in foreign countries under their laws.

ADMINISTRATIVE AND LEGAL REGULATION COORDINATION FUNCTION OF THE STATE: DYNAMICS OF CHANGE IN THE XX – AT THE BEGINNING OF THE XXI CENTURY

Halyna Lukianova

Candidate of Law, Associate Professor at the Department of Administrative and Information Law Educational and Scientific Institute of Law, Psychology and Innovative Education
Lviv Polytechnic National University (Lviv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-1109-9299
Anotation. The article examines the development of administrative and legal regulation of the coordination function of the state in the XX–XXI centuries. The events that took place during this historical epoch and the acts of administrative and legal regulation of the coordination function of the state, which were in force in different years, are analyzed. The stages of development of administrative and legal regulation of the coordination function of the state and the features of each stage are highlighted. It is established that during the whole period of existence of the Ukrainian state and its predecessors, one can find only superficial signs of the existence of this function. The very term “coordination” was not used at all at the legislative level until the Soviet period. With the proclamation of Ukraine’s independence, the coordination function began to increasingly replace the subordinate one.
Keywords: The article examines the development of administrative and legal regulation of the coordination function of the state in the XX–XXI centuries. The events that took place during this historical epoch and the acts of administrative and legal regulation of the coordination function of the state, which were in force in different years, are analyzed. The stages of development of administrative and legal regulation of the coordination function of the state and the features of each stage are highlighted. It is established that during the whole period of existence of the Ukrainian state and its predecessors, one can find only superficial signs of the existence of this function. The very term “coordination” was not used at all at the legislative level until the Soviet period. With the proclamation of Ukraine’s independence, the coordination function began to increasingly replace the subordinate one.

FISCAL CONTROL: CONCEPT, ESSENCE AND PROPERTIES

Tatyana Tatarova

associate professor of the department of public management and administration National academy of internal affairs, candidate of legal sciences (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9575-7940
Anotation. The subject of this research is fiscal control. The purpose of the study is to determine the features of fiscal control, the disclosure of its essence and the study of properties. The article emphasizes that the proper definition and application of terms for control is very important because their content will depend on the subjects, objects and subject of control, the definition of relevant bodies, structures to exercise control, the scope of their powers. As a result of the research the author's definition of the concept "fiscal control", disclosure of its essence and properties is formulated. It is proposed to understand fiscal control as an integral part of state control, which is carried out by specially created controlling bodies, in accordance with current legislation on administration of taxes and fees, in order to implement state fiscal policy, and aimed at timeliness, reliability, completeness of tax collection, fees, payments to the budget, as well as ensuring the interests of the state and business entities in the field of formation of public finance funds.
Keywords: The subject of this research is fiscal control. The purpose of the study is to determine the features of fiscal control, the disclosure of its essence and the study of properties. The article emphasizes that the proper definition and application of terms for control is very important because their content will depend on the subjects, objects and subject of control, the definition of relevant bodies, structures to exercise control, the scope of their powers. As a result of the research the author's definition of the concept "fiscal control", disclosure of its essence and properties is formulated. It is proposed to understand fiscal control as an integral part of state control, which is carried out by specially created controlling bodies, in accordance with current legislation on administration of taxes and fees, in order to implement state fiscal policy, and aimed at timeliness, reliability, completeness of tax collection, fees, payments to the budget, as well as ensuring the interests of the state and business entities in the field of formation of public finance funds.