Journal №3 (47) / 2022|KELM

LIST OF FILES

DEFINITIVE ANALYSIS OF THE CONCEPT “FUTURE EDUCATIONAL MANAGERS’ DEMOCRATIC CULTURE”

Olha Holovko

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Theory and Practice of Technological and Vocational Education State Higher Educational Institution “Donbas State Pedagogical University” (Sloviansk, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-8748-2169
Anotation. The article looks into the issue of professional training of future educational managers, in particular clarification of the content and structure of their democratic culture. The author analyses the definitions that are close to the phenomenon under the study: innovative culture, governing culture, governing pedagogical culture. The theoretical foundation of the study includes Ukrainian and foreign literary sources, taking into account the framework document that defines the competences for culture of democracy. Based on the analysis conducted, the author’s definition of future educational managers’ democratic culture is given, which is considered to be a complex of personal qualities of future specialist (leadership, responsibility, initiative, tolerance, respect for people, and empathy) that are based on democratic competences (knowledge, values, skills, attitudes) while taking administrative decisions and planning in the sphere of education. The structure of future educational managers’ democratic culture is specified. It consists of axiological, cognitive, communicative-activity, and reflexive components.
Keywords: The article looks into the issue of professional training of future educational managers, in particular clarification of the content and structure of their democratic culture. The author analyses the definitions that are close to the phenomenon under the study: innovative culture, governing culture, governing pedagogical culture. The theoretical foundation of the study includes Ukrainian and foreign literary sources, taking into account the framework document that defines the competences for culture of democracy. Based on the analysis conducted, the author’s definition of future educational managers’ democratic culture is given, which is considered to be a complex of personal qualities of future specialist (leadership, responsibility, initiative, tolerance, respect for people, and empathy) that are based on democratic competences (knowledge, values, skills, attitudes) while taking administrative decisions and planning in the sphere of education. The structure of future educational managers’ democratic culture is specified. It consists of axiological, cognitive, communicative-activity, and reflexive components.

METHODOLOGICAL FUNDAMENTALS OF DEVELOPMENT OF CRITICAL THINKING OF FUTURE IT TEACHERS

Vita Ovdiichuk

Postgraduate student at the Department of Primary and Preschool Education Academician Stepan Demianchuk International University of Economics and Humanities (Rivne, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3818-1383
Anotation. The article describes the methodology of developing of critical thinking of future information technology teachers in the process of professional training in higher education institutions. The key approaches are defined, the competency, personalized, active, integrative, system and synergetic approaches are singled out, their combination and features of implementation are determined. These approaches ensure the development of critical thinking, the formation of general and professional competencies necessary for future information technology teachers for successful self-realization, and serve the development of a teacher with an individual style of professional activity. The presented methodological approaches will make it possible to study the main components of training comprehensively and systematically, to improve the process of developing critical thinking in institutions of higher education.
Keywords: The article describes the methodology of developing of critical thinking of future information technology teachers in the process of professional training in higher education institutions. The key approaches are defined, the competency, personalized, active, integrative, system and synergetic approaches are singled out, their combination and features of implementation are determined. These approaches ensure the development of critical thinking, the formation of general and professional competencies necessary for future information technology teachers for successful self-realization, and serve the development of a teacher with an individual style of professional activity. The presented methodological approaches will make it possible to study the main components of training comprehensively and systematically, to improve the process of developing critical thinking in institutions of higher education.

THE STRATEGY FOR MASTERING THE INQUIRY BASED LEARNING TECHNOLOGY BY MEANS OF THE GO-LAB ECOSYSTEM

Oleksandra Ordanovska, Kateryna Romashchenko

Oleksandra Ordanovska, Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of Innovative Technologies and Methods of Teaching Natural disciplines of State Institution «South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky» (Odesa, Ukraine)
Kateryna Romashchenko, Postgraduate student at the Department of Pedagogy of State Institution «South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky» (Odesa, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4868-0087, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4539-1661
Anotation. The introduction of innovative educational technologies, the best world practices of teaching natural sciences and mathematics primarily depends on the willingness of teachers to implement this in their own practice, i.e. the motivation to innovate, a high level of information and digital competence. Our objective has been to develop a strategy that would make the Inquiry Based Learning technology available to the teachers using the Go-Lab ecosystem. The strategy involves passing certain stages of mastering the above technology, namely: Planning, Projecting, Implementation, Correction, with certain local tasks and markers, which determine the success of each stage. The results of the research work conducted during the training of advanced training courses at the Center for Professional Development of Managers and Socionomic Specialists of Ushinsky University, proved the success and effectiveness of the developed approach.
Keywords: The introduction of innovative educational technologies, the best world practices of teaching natural sciences and mathematics primarily depends on the willingness of teachers to implement this in their own practice, i.e. the motivation to innovate, a high level of information and digital competence. Our objective has been to develop a strategy that would make the Inquiry Based Learning technology available to the teachers using the Go-Lab ecosystem. The strategy involves passing certain stages of mastering the above technology, namely: Planning, Projecting, Implementation, Correction, with certain local tasks and markers, which determine the success of each stage. The results of the research work conducted during the training of advanced training courses at the Center for Professional Development of Managers and Socionomic Specialists of Ushinsky University, proved the success and effectiveness of the developed approach.

USE OF NON-TRADITIONAL METHODS OF SPEECH THERAPY WORK IN SPEECH CORRECTION OF OLDER PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

Roksolyana Pryzvanska, Mariana Porodko

Roksolyana Pryzvanska, Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor of Special Education Ivan Franko National University of Lviv (Lviv, Ukraine)
Mariana Porodko, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor of Special Education Ivan Franko National University of Lviv (Lviv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7635-1227, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-6306-826X
Anotation. The article raises the issue of support and assistance to preschool children in overcoming speech disorders, since such disorders influence the formation of other mental processes, as well as the use of traditional methods of speech therapy for effective correction and active involvement of children in overcoming speech defects. A survey of speech therapists was conducted in order to study the peculiarities of their work and awareness about expanding the range of traditional methods of work. It is concluded that the surveyed experts in general cannot clearly define the need and effectiveness of the use of new non-traditional methods to overcome certain speech disorders. A recommendation is given regarding the need for additional training for speech therapists in order to acquaint them with new non-traditional ways of working, during which to provide specific methods of speech therapy and to form the ability to use them for certain corrective purposes.
Keywords: The article raises the issue of support and assistance to preschool children in overcoming speech disorders, since such disorders influence the formation of other mental processes, as well as the use of traditional methods of speech therapy for effective correction and active involvement of children in overcoming speech defects. A survey of speech therapists was conducted in order to study the peculiarities of their work and awareness about expanding the range of traditional methods of work. It is concluded that the surveyed experts in general cannot clearly define the need and effectiveness of the use of new non-traditional methods to overcome certain speech disorders. A recommendation is given regarding the need for additional training for speech therapists in order to acquaint them with new non-traditional ways of working, during which to provide specific methods of speech therapy and to form the ability to use them for certain corrective purposes.

FORMATION OF THE MODERN EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF THE FACULTY AS A SCIENTIFIC AND PEDAGOGICAL PROBLEM

Svіtlana Simakova

Postgraduate student at the Department of Primary and Professional Education Kharkiv National Pedagogical University named after H. S. Skovoroda (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-8173-3625
Anotation. The article is devoted to the definition of the leading aspects of the formation of the educational environment as an essential component of the functioning of the faculty of higher education. With the help of reference books the essence of the concepts "faculty", "environment", "educational environment" is characterized. The purpose, the basic tasks of activity of faculty are established, the role, place, functions are outlined, properties of the educational environment of faculty are defined. The analysis of scientific works of researchers devoted to introduction of experience of the organization of educational environment, and also maintenance of its functioning on an example of various faculties of institutions of higher education, the characteristic of the basic types of educational environment of faculty, definition of their specific features is carried out. Based on the analysis of the main regulations governing the activities of the faculty and the generalization of scientific views of scientists on the studied phenomenon, the main structural components of the educational environment of the faculty are identified.
Keywords: The article is devoted to the definition of the leading aspects of the formation of the educational environment as an essential component of the functioning of the faculty of higher education. With the help of reference books the essence of the concepts "faculty", "environment", "educational environment" is characterized. The purpose, the basic tasks of activity of faculty are established, the role, place, functions are outlined, properties of the educational environment of faculty are defined. The analysis of scientific works of researchers devoted to introduction of experience of the organization of educational environment, and also maintenance of its functioning on an example of various faculties of institutions of higher education, the characteristic of the basic types of educational environment of faculty, definition of their specific features is carried out. Based on the analysis of the main regulations governing the activities of the faculty and the generalization of scientific views of scientists on the studied phenomenon, the main structural components of the educational environment of the faculty are identified.

MEDIA EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF CRITICAL THINKING OF FUTURE LANGUAGE TEACHERS

Olga Titova, Tеtiana Radionova

Olga Titova, Candidate of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor of Ukrainian Philology Department Chair at Horlivka Institute for Foreign Languages of State Higher Education Institution “Donbas State Pedagogical University” (Bakhmut, Ukraine)
Tеtiana Radionova, Candidate of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor of Ukrainian Philology Department Chair at Horlivka Institute for Foreign Languages of State Higher Education Institution “Donbas State Pedagogical University” (Bakhmut, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7051-4822, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-6685-0257
Anotation. The article is devoted to the problem of optimization of media education of Ukrainian language teachers. The focus is on the means of implementation of the main principles of critical thinking in the educational process. Experience of teaching the free-choice discipline "Media education and critical thinking in Ukrainian language lessons" with focus on students of the first (bachelor's) level of higher education in the subject specialty 014.01 Secondary education (Ukrainian language and literature) is represented. It is emphasized that in the conditions of information war, it is very important to equip future literature teachers with techniques and means of technology for the development of critical thinking in students. Samples of practical tasks that help improve media, digital, linguistic and methodological literacy of students are provided. Additionally, those can be integrated by students into a secondary school course of the Ukrainian language.
Keywords: The article is devoted to the problem of optimization of media education of Ukrainian language teachers. The focus is on the means of implementation of the main principles of critical thinking in the educational process. Experience of teaching the free-choice discipline "Media education and critical thinking in Ukrainian language lessons" with focus on students of the first (bachelor's) level of higher education in the subject specialty 014.01 Secondary education (Ukrainian language and literature) is represented. It is emphasized that in the conditions of information war, it is very important to equip future literature teachers with techniques and means of technology for the development of critical thinking in students. Samples of practical tasks that help improve media, digital, linguistic and methodological literacy of students are provided. Additionally, those can be integrated by students into a secondary school course of the Ukrainian language.

PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS OF FORMING PROGNOSTIC COMPETENCY OF FUTURE TEACHERS OF NATURAL AND MATHEMATICAL SPECIALTIES

Kateryna Khaletska

Postgraduate student at the Department of Pedagogy South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky (Odesa, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4691-6316
Anotation. Specifics of forming prognostic competency of future teachers of natural and mathematical specialties are analyzed in the article. Modern researches of this problem are reviewed. Pedagogical conditions of forming prognostic competence and basic factors of prognostic activity are defined. The research has been conducted on the analysis of scientific and theoretical sources and methodological literature dedicated to prognostic competence of future teachers. The fundamental pedagogical conditions which are indispensable component of efficient pedagogical process and facilitate forming of established interest in prognostic competence, foregrounding professional attitude along with persuasion of meaning for upcoming specialists’ competitiveness have been defined and reasoned due to conducted research. Experience in educational activities and modern requests emphasize on necessity of designing integral program which could raise prognostic skills of future teachers and their effectiveness. Studying specifics of forming prognostic competence appears relevant. This problem is considered in different researches notwithstanding highlighted from pedagogical point of view.
Keywords: Specifics of forming prognostic competency of future teachers of natural and mathematical specialties are analyzed in the article. Modern researches of this problem are reviewed. Pedagogical conditions of forming prognostic competence and basic factors of prognostic activity are defined. The research has been conducted on the analysis of scientific and theoretical sources and methodological literature dedicated to prognostic competence of future teachers. The fundamental pedagogical conditions which are indispensable component of efficient pedagogical process and facilitate forming of established interest in prognostic competence, foregrounding professional attitude along with persuasion of meaning for upcoming specialists’ competitiveness have been defined and reasoned due to conducted research. Experience in educational activities and modern requests emphasize on necessity of designing integral program which could raise prognostic skills of future teachers and their effectiveness. Studying specifics of forming prognostic competence appears relevant. This problem is considered in different researches notwithstanding highlighted from pedagogical point of view.

INTERNAL DIFFERENTIATION AS A FACTOR OF FORMATION OF INDIVIDUAL EDUCATIONAL TRAJECTORIES OF STUDENTS

Karine Khachaturian, Anton Yaruta

Karine Khachaturian, PhD in Philology, Teacher Kharkiv Avtotransport Professional College (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
Anton Yaruta, Candidate of Technical Sciences Kharkiv Avtotransport Professional College (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4131-1836, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2538-4560
Anotation. Today, education around the world provides not only knowledge of the world, but is also considered as the most important factor in the formation and development of the individual in its individuality, unique originality. This formation should be ensured by such an educational process, the main function of which is the organization of a single space of cognition and individual development. Analysis of the learning process has shown that students are not given the opportunity to choose a goal in the topic, lesson, level of mastering the content of the material, their learning style, methods, forms and means of assessing learning results. Individual peculiarities of students are taken into account, most often, during written control works, and not at all stages of educational and cognitive activity. Thus, the individual development of the student is not provided, which allows him at each stage to create individual products based on his individual qualities and abilities. Therefore, at the present stage of the development of higher education, the problem of developing a teaching method that allows higher education applicants to build and implement their own personal development path, that is, to create their own individual educational trajectory is relevant.
Keywords: Today, education around the world provides not only knowledge of the world, but is also considered as the most important factor in the formation and development of the individual in its individuality, unique originality. This formation should be ensured by such an educational process, the main function of which is the organization of a single space of cognition and individual development. Analysis of the learning process has shown that students are not given the opportunity to choose a goal in the topic, lesson, level of mastering the content of the material, their learning style, methods, forms and means of assessing learning results. Individual peculiarities of students are taken into account, most often, during written control works, and not at all stages of educational and cognitive activity. Thus, the individual development of the student is not provided, which allows him at each stage to create individual products based on his individual qualities and abilities. Therefore, at the present stage of the development of higher education, the problem of developing a teaching method that allows higher education applicants to build and implement their own personal development path, that is, to create their own individual educational trajectory is relevant.

IMPLEMENTATION OF THE COGNITIVE VISUALIZATION THEORY IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS OF THE UK AND THE USA: KEY ACHIEVEMENTS

Iryna Churychkanych

Doctor of Philosophy, Senior Teacher at the Department of English Language Practice Sumy State Pedagogical University named after A.S. Makarenko (Sumy, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-0403-2400
Anotation. The article analyzes key achievements in the implementation of the theory of cognitive visualization in higher education institutions of the UK and the USA. The most outstanding and significant examples of practical use of infographic constructions in higher education institutions are analyzed in the paper. The step-by-step plan of infographic diagrams construction is presented in the article from the point of view of different teachers working at high schools of the UK and the USA. The most substantial results of the infographics implementation are demonstrated in the research. It is concluded that gradually infographics can move students to a higher level of evaluation and creativity. When the research is conducted by the student independently, the level of mastery of the work is higher and it encourages the student to share his experience with others and infographics can help him to do it.
Keywords: The article analyzes key achievements in the implementation of the theory of cognitive visualization in higher education institutions of the UK and the USA. The most outstanding and significant examples of practical use of infographic constructions in higher education institutions are analyzed in the paper. The step-by-step plan of infographic diagrams construction is presented in the article from the point of view of different teachers working at high schools of the UK and the USA. The most substantial results of the infographics implementation are demonstrated in the research. It is concluded that gradually infographics can move students to a higher level of evaluation and creativity. When the research is conducted by the student independently, the level of mastery of the work is higher and it encourages the student to share his experience with others and infographics can help him to do it.

PECULIARITIES OF CASE TECHNOLOGIES USING IN THE CONTEXT OF ADULT EDUCATION

Olena Shamanska

Candidate of Economic Science, Associate Professor, Subdepartment of Pedagogy, Professional Education and Management of Educational Establishments Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University (Vinnytsa, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2677-8983
Anotation. The article analyses the application of innovation technologies in adult education of the modern terms of community development in Ukraine. Also, the author determines value and theoretical essence of adult education concept and its basic components and the main features. There has been shown the importance of application of basic innovative technologies in adult education concept. The analysis of education practice showed that exactly the innovative forms of studies stimulate to the receipt of new knowledge and will expose and develop intellectual potential of adult person. One of the effectiveness instruments of innovation application technologies in the studies of adults is the case method. However, the main dominant of this method is the analysis, the problem-situational analysis, performing, and the discussion of corresponding situation.
Keywords: The article analyses the application of innovation technologies in adult education of the modern terms of community development in Ukraine. Also, the author determines value and theoretical essence of adult education concept and its basic components and the main features. There has been shown the importance of application of basic innovative technologies in adult education concept. The analysis of education practice showed that exactly the innovative forms of studies stimulate to the receipt of new knowledge and will expose and develop intellectual potential of adult person. One of the effectiveness instruments of innovation application technologies in the studies of adults is the case method. However, the main dominant of this method is the analysis, the problem-situational analysis, performing, and the discussion of corresponding situation.

SPIRITUAL AND ARCHETYPAL ASPECTS OF N. LEONTOVICH'S CHORAL CREATIVITY

Irina Shevchuk

Competitor of the Pulpit Theoretical and Applied Culturology, Theories of the Music and Compositions Odessa National Music Academy named after A.V. Nezhdanova (Odessa, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9334-8449
Anotation. Purpose given work emerges discovery an style entailments of N. Leontovich chorus on literary texts and author's thеnes as that present the osculation an sacramental themes within the framework of outside church forms of the expression. The methdological base of the work is intonation approach comparative-stylе and hеrmеnеuticо- descriptive types. For the first time in specified forshortening are analysed M. Leontovich works on literary source. The findings. Sakralinye influences are defined in chorus on poetry V. Sosyura («Ice conks», «Summer tones») by correlation their figurative composition with themes of the monastic poetry antique Christian destinations that is emphasized church symbol of themes. The chorus on poetry K. Bilylovskiy («My song») and M. Voronoy («Legend») touch the biblical determinations by means of analogy to «The song of songs» first and to Our Lady General Pardon second, with invoicedtimbre likenning to lithurgical responsorial singing.
Keywords: Purpose given work emerges discovery an style entailments of N. Leontovich chorus on literary texts and author's thеnes as that present the osculation an sacramental themes within the framework of outside church forms of the expression. The methdological base of the work is intonation approach comparative-stylе and hеrmеnеuticо- descriptive types. For the first time in specified forshortening are analysed M. Leontovich works on literary source. The findings. Sakralinye influences are defined in chorus on poetry V. Sosyura («Ice conks», «Summer tones») by correlation their figurative composition with themes of the monastic poetry antique Christian destinations that is emphasized church symbol of themes. The chorus on poetry K. Bilylovskiy («My song») and M. Voronoy («Legend») touch the biblical determinations by means of analogy to «The song of songs» first and to Our Lady General Pardon second, with invoicedtimbre likenning to lithurgical responsorial singing.

THE MAIN ASPECTS OF EXECUTIVE ACTIVITY CHORAL CONDUCTOR ELEONORA VYNOGRADOVA

Svitlana Shcherbii

Postgraduate student at the Department of Musical Ukrainian Studies and Folk Instrumental Art Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University (Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-7859-1918
Anotation. The article examines the performance of the honored figure of culture of Ukraine, the choral conductor, Professor Eleonora Vynohradova, in particular, attention is paid to the results of research by scientists and other materials from archival sources. Stylistic features of creative activity and methodical principles of professional skill are determined. The effectiveness of educational work in the "Tonika" children's choir, which inherited the artistic experience of choirmasters, was clarified. It is proven that her dedication to her vocation as a choirmaster had a significant impact on the development of children's choral culture, the achievements of which were evidenced by national and international recognition. It is emphasized that the study of choral art is one of the important ways of assimilating the culture of the Ukrainian people.
Keywords: The article examines the performance of the honored figure of culture of Ukraine, the choral conductor, Professor Eleonora Vynohradova, in particular, attention is paid to the results of research by scientists and other materials from archival sources. Stylistic features of creative activity and methodical principles of professional skill are determined. The effectiveness of educational work in the "Tonika" children's choir, which inherited the artistic experience of choirmasters, was clarified. It is proven that her dedication to her vocation as a choirmaster had a significant impact on the development of children's choral culture, the achievements of which were evidenced by national and international recognition. It is emphasized that the study of choral art is one of the important ways of assimilating the culture of the Ukrainian people.

DISCUSSIONS OF CANADIAN POLITICIANS ON MILITARY COOPERATION BETWEEN THE DOMINION AND THE METROPOLIS (END OF XIX – BEGINNING OF XX CENTURY)

Mykhailo Zapototskyi

Postgraduate Student at the Faculty of History Ivan Franko National University of Lviv (Lviv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4448-4273
Anotation. The article is devoted to the analysis of the discussions of the representatives of the Canadian political elites and the British political leadership on their vision of the problem of cooperation between Great Britain and Canada in the field of defense in the late XIX – early XX centuries. The author draws attention to the problems of forming a system of imperial collective security and attempts to involve Canada in it. The main stages of agreements between the Metropolis and the Dominion are analyzed, the essence of contradictions between the parties is characterized, attention is focused on colonial (imperial) conferences and military conflicts, which became an opportunity for practical realization of this problem. Special attention is paid to the problems of military cooperation between Great Britain and Canada during the Second Boer War (1899–1902). The evolution of the Canadian vision of key issues of imperial defense from passivity and indifference to interest in issues of collective imperial security, which was accompanied by antagonism of Canadian political elites, is also highlighted.
Keywords: The article is devoted to the analysis of the discussions of the representatives of the Canadian political elites and the British political leadership on their vision of the problem of cooperation between Great Britain and Canada in the field of defense in the late XIX – early XX centuries. The author draws attention to the problems of forming a system of imperial collective security and attempts to involve Canada in it. The main stages of agreements between the Metropolis and the Dominion are analyzed, the essence of contradictions between the parties is characterized, attention is focused on colonial (imperial) conferences and military conflicts, which became an opportunity for practical realization of this problem. Special attention is paid to the problems of military cooperation between Great Britain and Canada during the Second Boer War (1899–1902). The evolution of the Canadian vision of key issues of imperial defense from passivity and indifference to interest in issues of collective imperial security, which was accompanied by antagonism of Canadian political elites, is also highlighted.

FEATURES OF THE RELATIONSHIP OF SPACE-TIME IN THE NOVEL «FOX» BY MYROSLAV DOCHYNETS

Valentina Krivoruchko

Postgraduate student at the Department of the Ukraine Literature Poltava V. G. Korolenko National Pedagogical University (Poltava, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2580-0306
Anotation. The article is an attempt to analyze Myroslav Dochynets novel «Fox» in order to clarify the peculiarities of its chronotope. Since this work has not yet been considered in such a context, the discovery of spatiotemporal relations in it is a novelty in the study of chronotopic coordinates in the works of modern Ukrainian literature. Based on the methodology of a holistic approach to the analysis of the literary text, however, with increased attention to its structural and semantic content, an adventurous household chronotope is established, which allows to determine the genre specificity of the novel. Also, as a result of the research, a number of binary oppositions, traditionally inherent in the mythopoetic model of the organization of space-time coordinates of the text, were revealed. The chronotope of the road as a way of life and the way of narrative inherent in his style, characteristic of M. Dochynets works, are also confirmed – teaching through storytelling.
Keywords: The article is an attempt to analyze Myroslav Dochynets novel «Fox» in order to clarify the peculiarities of its chronotope. Since this work has not yet been considered in such a context, the discovery of spatiotemporal relations in it is a novelty in the study of chronotopic coordinates in the works of modern Ukrainian literature. Based on the methodology of a holistic approach to the analysis of the literary text, however, with increased attention to its structural and semantic content, an adventurous household chronotope is established, which allows to determine the genre specificity of the novel. Also, as a result of the research, a number of binary oppositions, traditionally inherent in the mythopoetic model of the organization of space-time coordinates of the text, were revealed. The chronotope of the road as a way of life and the way of narrative inherent in his style, characteristic of M. Dochynets works, are also confirmed – teaching through storytelling.

LINGUOPOETIC REPRESENTATION OF A GRAPHIC NOVEL BY WILL EISNER “A LIFE FORCE”

Anna Matiishyn

Postgraduate student at the Department of English Philology Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University (Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2601-1758
Anotation. The article considers the issue of linguopoetics and the application of linguopoetic analysis in the graphic novel "A Life Force" by the famous American comic book writer Will Eisner. The essence and structure of linguopoetic aspects of the graphic text are highlighted. The relationship between verbal and non-verbal components in the fictional text is analyzed and their functions in providing an aesthetic impact on the reader are clarified. The specific examples of fragments of linguopoetic analysis of the fictional text are represented. All text fragments are provided with illustrative material. It was found that for the sake of greater expression and emotionality, the author capitalizes the text, and in some cases, increases the typeface for accentuation. The non-verbal channel of communication in the graphic novel plays an extremely important role in the perception and understanding of a multimodal text. The linguopoetic content in this novel occurs due to a combination of verbal and visual elements. The article also considers the issue of psycho-narration and reveals its manifestation in the graphic novel "A Life Force" on the example of the protagonist. The author highlights the problems and experiences of the protagonist, thus demonstrating the real lives of people during the Great Depression, which took place in 1929-1933 in the United States.
Keywords: The article considers the issue of linguopoetics and the application of linguopoetic analysis in the graphic novel "A Life Force" by the famous American comic book writer Will Eisner. The essence and structure of linguopoetic aspects of the graphic text are highlighted. The relationship between verbal and non-verbal components in the fictional text is analyzed and their functions in providing an aesthetic impact on the reader are clarified. The specific examples of fragments of linguopoetic analysis of the fictional text are represented. All text fragments are provided with illustrative material. It was found that for the sake of greater expression and emotionality, the author capitalizes the text, and in some cases, increases the typeface for accentuation. The non-verbal channel of communication in the graphic novel plays an extremely important role in the perception and understanding of a multimodal text. The linguopoetic content in this novel occurs due to a combination of verbal and visual elements. The article also considers the issue of psycho-narration and reveals its manifestation in the graphic novel "A Life Force" on the example of the protagonist. The author highlights the problems and experiences of the protagonist, thus demonstrating the real lives of people during the Great Depression, which took place in 1929-1933 in the United States.

COMMUNICATION IN THE INFORMATION SOCIETY: RELIGIOUS ASPECT

Valentina Petrovich, Iryna Charikova

Valentina Petrovich, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of Museology, Monument Studies and Information and Analytical Activities of Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University (Lutsk, Ukraine)
Iryna Charikova, Candidate of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of English Philology of Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University (Lutsk, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-0407-0471, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-50580-5216
Anotation. The article attempts to define the concept of "information society". The characteristic features of the information society are distinguished. It is proved that it, based on the global spread of information and communication technologies, the fundamental processes of mass generation, processing, transmission and use of information, is a qualitatively new historical stage of civilizational development. It is established that the information environment contributes to a significant increase in the impact of information and knowledge on all spheres of human activity. The substantiation of the paradigm of communication in the information society and its phenomenon in the field of religion is provided. On the basis of the study of a number of scientific literature, the peculiarities of the functioning of religious communication in the information society are investigated and its types are analyzed. It is substantiated that such communication has its own characteristics, provides for certain training and specific forms of implementation, actualizes the dialogue of religion.
Keywords: The article attempts to define the concept of "information society". The characteristic features of the information society are distinguished. It is proved that it, based on the global spread of information and communication technologies, the fundamental processes of mass generation, processing, transmission and use of information, is a qualitatively new historical stage of civilizational development. It is established that the information environment contributes to a significant increase in the impact of information and knowledge on all spheres of human activity. The substantiation of the paradigm of communication in the information society and its phenomenon in the field of religion is provided. On the basis of the study of a number of scientific literature, the peculiarities of the functioning of religious communication in the information society are investigated and its types are analyzed. It is substantiated that such communication has its own characteristics, provides for certain training and specific forms of implementation, actualizes the dialogue of religion.

ANTHROPONYMIC SPACE OF THE UKRAINIAN FOLK SOCIAL AND HOUSEHOLD TALE

Ruslan Serdeha

Candidate of Philological Sciences (Ph.D.), Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of Ukrainian Language V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University (Kharkiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7064-4547
Anotation. The research analyzes the anthroponymic space of the Ukrainian folk social and household tale, which means all the proper names of people used by the people in folklore works of this genre. The material of study was male and female personal names, surnames and nicknames, patronymics, which were removed by continuous selection from the 1987 collection of the series «Library of Oral Folk Art» entitled «Social and household tale». In the texts of social and everyday fairy tales, more often use common names (names of representatives of different social groups and people by occupations and actions). We found out the main set of anthroponyms of the Ukrainian folk social and household tale. These are mostly personal male and female names, surnames and nicknames of people. We also conducted an etymological analysis of these names.
Keywords: The research analyzes the anthroponymic space of the Ukrainian folk social and household tale, which means all the proper names of people used by the people in folklore works of this genre. The material of study was male and female personal names, surnames and nicknames, patronymics, which were removed by continuous selection from the 1987 collection of the series «Library of Oral Folk Art» entitled «Social and household tale». In the texts of social and everyday fairy tales, more often use common names (names of representatives of different social groups and people by occupations and actions). We found out the main set of anthroponyms of the Ukrainian folk social and household tale. These are mostly personal male and female names, surnames and nicknames of people. We also conducted an etymological analysis of these names.

MYTHOSEMANTICS OF LUNAR IMAGES IN THE PROSE OF MYKHAILO STELMAKH

Tetiana Tsepkalo

PhD in Philology, Senior Lecturer, Department of Journalism, Advertising and Public Relations, Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University of Vinnytsia (Vinnytsia, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2690-3390
Anotation. The article analyses the mythological semantics of the archetypal image of the Moon in the prose works of Ukrainian writer Mykhailo Stelmakh. By employing the method of mythopoetic analysis, the lunar images in the texts of the artist are identified and interpreted. The connection of the myths of individual authors with ancient Slavonic beliefs in the interpretation of the image of the Night Orb has been established. The specifics of folklore mythology in the prose of Mykhailo Stelmakh has been elucidated. The transformation of mythological symbols in fiction and their interaction at the subtextual level are studied. The traditional symbolism of lunar images has been considered in the context of both Ukrainian and world mythology, transcultural worldview positions and permanent spiritual constants. Through the prism of mythological images, a tendency of reflecting national mentality has been traced, the philosophical views of the artist have been examined and their influence on the psychology of the artwork have been elucidated. The role of the symbol of the Moon in the writer’s mythological picture of the world has been established.
Keywords: The article analyses the mythological semantics of the archetypal image of the Moon in the prose works of Ukrainian writer Mykhailo Stelmakh. By employing the method of mythopoetic analysis, the lunar images in the texts of the artist are identified and interpreted. The connection of the myths of individual authors with ancient Slavonic beliefs in the interpretation of the image of the Night Orb has been established. The specifics of folklore mythology in the prose of Mykhailo Stelmakh has been elucidated. The transformation of mythological symbols in fiction and their interaction at the subtextual level are studied. The traditional symbolism of lunar images has been considered in the context of both Ukrainian and world mythology, transcultural worldview positions and permanent spiritual constants. Through the prism of mythological images, a tendency of reflecting national mentality has been traced, the philosophical views of the artist have been examined and their influence on the psychology of the artwork have been elucidated. The role of the symbol of the Moon in the writer’s mythological picture of the world has been established.

FORMATION OF COMPETENCE AS A CONDITION OF CONFORMITY WITH REGARDS TO PROFESSIONAL SPEECH WITHIN MANAGEMENT

Olena Vlasenko

Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Doctoral Student in the Specialty 053 "Psychology" Hryhoriy Skovoroda University in Pereyaslav (Pereyaslav, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-1011-1965
Anotation. The article highlights the social need for management, the multifaceted nature of this concept and the main task. Identified that in Ukraine, from the standpoint of obtaining higher education in management, there are standardized requirements for this specialty. The communication process and its main purpose are considered. The main types of communicative interaction and the most common errors of the communication process in the management of the organization are identified. The importance of professional speech for the manager is substantiated. The main groups of competencies that a manager should have after receiving the appropriate education are highlighted. An analytical study of the Standards of Higher Education of Ukraine in the specialty "Management" of the second (master's) and first (bachelor's) levels was conducted in order to determine the relationship between the acquisition of these competencies and the need to master professional speech. The relationship between professional speech and professional speech competence has been identified. The basic preconditions of effective production of professional speech are defined.
Keywords: The article highlights the social need for management, the multifaceted nature of this concept and the main task. Identified that in Ukraine, from the standpoint of obtaining higher education in management, there are standardized requirements for this specialty. The communication process and its main purpose are considered. The main types of communicative interaction and the most common errors of the communication process in the management of the organization are identified. The importance of professional speech for the manager is substantiated. The main groups of competencies that a manager should have after receiving the appropriate education are highlighted. An analytical study of the Standards of Higher Education of Ukraine in the specialty "Management" of the second (master's) and first (bachelor's) levels was conducted in order to determine the relationship between the acquisition of these competencies and the need to master professional speech. The relationship between professional speech and professional speech competence has been identified. The basic preconditions of effective production of professional speech are defined.

PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS OF EMOTIONAL INTERDEPENDENCE IN WOMEN OF DIFFERENT GENERATIONS

Nataliia Zaviazkina, Maryna Tymoshenko

Nataliia Zaviazkina, Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Clinical Psychology Kyiv Institute of Modern Psychology and Psychotherapy (Kyiv, Ukraine)
Maryna Tymoshenko, Master of Psychology Kyiv Institute of Modern Psychology and Psychotherapy (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5565-8959, ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2242-9572
Anotation. Interdependent relationships complicate a person's normal, full life, depriving him of the opportunity to feel pleasure in relationships with other people and in love, to realize his potential and reach career heights. The tendency to interdependent relationships is a risk factor for the development of more severe forms of dependence. Although the phenomenon of interdependence has existed for a long time and is quite common, there is no holistic view of this problem. That is why our chosen research issues are extremely relevant at present. The paper analyzes the personal characteristics of women prone to emotional dependence, psychological factors prone to emotional interdependence of women and their belonging to a certain generation or age category. Tension in personal and social situations, difficulties in social adaptation, inability or low ability to establish and maintain social contacts, problems with self-disclosure, tend to correlate with the level of emotional interdependence. In the course of the study, a typological model of women with a tendency to interdependent behavior was built.
Keywords: Interdependent relationships complicate a person's normal, full life, depriving him of the opportunity to feel pleasure in relationships with other people and in love, to realize his potential and reach career heights. The tendency to interdependent relationships is a risk factor for the development of more severe forms of dependence. Although the phenomenon of interdependence has existed for a long time and is quite common, there is no holistic view of this problem. That is why our chosen research issues are extremely relevant at present. The paper analyzes the personal characteristics of women prone to emotional dependence, psychological factors prone to emotional interdependence of women and their belonging to a certain generation or age category. Tension in personal and social situations, difficulties in social adaptation, inability or low ability to establish and maintain social contacts, problems with self-disclosure, tend to correlate with the level of emotional interdependence. In the course of the study, a typological model of women with a tendency to interdependent behavior was built.

INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT FOR THE DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

Liudmyla Kysh

Сandidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of Computer Sciences and Economic Cybernetics Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (Vinnytsia, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3664-3871
Anotation. The article is devoted to the study of improving the institutional support of the digital transformation of public administration. In the context of systemic crises caused by globalization processes, the process of digitalization becomes extremely important. The digital transformation affects all areas of the country's citizens: from public administration to economic processes. The purpose of the study is to study and analyze the key prerequisites and factors of an institutional nature (both drivers and constraints) of the further digital transformation of public administration. The author proves that the prerequisite for the effective organization of the digital transformation of public administration is the systematic reform and implementation of goals and objectives. The author identifies organizational tools for the implementation of digital transformation and areas for further improvement of institutional support and creating a strong potential for the implementation of digitalization tools in the field of public administration. It is proved that the basis of such changes is the digital transformation, the essence of which is the restructuring and transformation of communication channels – digital interaction.
Keywords: The article is devoted to the study of improving the institutional support of the digital transformation of public administration. In the context of systemic crises caused by globalization processes, the process of digitalization becomes extremely important. The digital transformation affects all areas of the country's citizens: from public administration to economic processes. The purpose of the study is to study and analyze the key prerequisites and factors of an institutional nature (both drivers and constraints) of the further digital transformation of public administration. The author proves that the prerequisite for the effective organization of the digital transformation of public administration is the systematic reform and implementation of goals and objectives. The author identifies organizational tools for the implementation of digital transformation and areas for further improvement of institutional support and creating a strong potential for the implementation of digitalization tools in the field of public administration. It is proved that the basis of such changes is the digital transformation, the essence of which is the restructuring and transformation of communication channels – digital interaction.

HUMAN CAPITAL: ESSENCE, ANALYSIS, DEVELOPMENT

Oleksandr Kirdan

Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Economics and Social-Behavioral Sciences Pavlo Tychyna Uman State Pedagogical University (Uman, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2667-6589
Anotation. The article offers a scientific understanding of the essence and development of human capital as a complex, multifaceted and dynamic phenomenon and a driver of innovative economy. Based on the theoretical analysis of interpretive works using general scientific methods of analysis, synthesis, generalization and scientific classification, the terminological field of the category «human capital» is outlined, which includes the following term units: «human potential», «human resources», «intellectual capital», «social capital». The main approaches of Ukrainian scientists to the definition of the category of human capital are characterized. The genesis of human capital as a whole scientific concept is analyzed. It is emphasized that the formation of human capital has a socially determined nature and depends on managerial aspects, institutional organization and the priority of the contribution of higher education to the development of human capital, the interdependence and interconnection of organizational aspects and their practical implementation. Emphasis is placed on the importance of human capital formation in formal and informal education. We see the prospects for further scientific research in the interdisciplinary study of human capital based on systemic, acmeological and synergistic scientific approaches.
Keywords: The article offers a scientific understanding of the essence and development of human capital as a complex, multifaceted and dynamic phenomenon and a driver of innovative economy. Based on the theoretical analysis of interpretive works using general scientific methods of analysis, synthesis, generalization and scientific classification, the terminological field of the category «human capital» is outlined, which includes the following term units: «human potential», «human resources», «intellectual capital», «social capital». The main approaches of Ukrainian scientists to the definition of the category of human capital are characterized. The genesis of human capital as a whole scientific concept is analyzed. It is emphasized that the formation of human capital has a socially determined nature and depends on managerial aspects, institutional organization and the priority of the contribution of higher education to the development of human capital, the interdependence and interconnection of organizational aspects and their practical implementation. Emphasis is placed on the importance of human capital formation in formal and informal education. We see the prospects for further scientific research in the interdisciplinary study of human capital based on systemic, acmeological and synergistic scientific approaches.

MEASURING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF USING ONLINE COMMUNICATION TOOLS TO CREATE A PERSONAL BRAND OF THE COMPANY’S HR DIRECTOR

Viktoriia Stratiuk

Postgraduate Student Institute of Journalism of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4286-7983
Anotation. The article clarifies the possibilities of a comprehensive measurement of the effectiveness of using online communication tools to create a personal brand for the company’s HR director. The author defines the essence of such efficiency and identifies the main indicators of the effectiveness of using these communication tools. The first group of these indicators includes all the data that demonstrates the level of satisfaction with the needs of the company’s HR director (indicators of compliance of the results of creating a personal brand with the planned indicators). The second group of indicators consists of data that demonstrates the level of satisfaction of the needs of the target audience for the personal brand of the company’s HR director. The conclusions of the article summarize the results of the study.
Keywords: The article clarifies the possibilities of a comprehensive measurement of the effectiveness of using online communication tools to create a personal brand for the company’s HR director. The author defines the essence of such efficiency and identifies the main indicators of the effectiveness of using these communication tools. The first group of these indicators includes all the data that demonstrates the level of satisfaction with the needs of the company’s HR director (indicators of compliance of the results of creating a personal brand with the planned indicators). The second group of indicators consists of data that demonstrates the level of satisfaction of the needs of the target audience for the personal brand of the company’s HR director. The conclusions of the article summarize the results of the study.

STATUS AND STRATEGIC PROSPECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF NON-FERROUS METALLURGY

Oleksandr Shapurov

Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor, Professor, Professor of Information Economics, Entrepreneurship and Finance Department Engineering Educational and Scientific Institute named by Yuriy Potebni Zaporizhia National University (Zaporizhia, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4381-4886
Anotation. The article forms a complementary hierarchical approach with a chain of retrospective processes: global trends, industry characteristics within the country – the state of individual industry actors. The resource potential of nonferrous metallurgy of Ukraine is determined and the dynamic and recession processes of non-ferrous metals production in Ukraine are substantiated. The potential of non-ferrous metals of the country in comparison with the leading countries is analyzed and its weight in the world vector is determined. The production capacities of non-ferrous metallurgy and their place in the industry of the country are substantiated. The financial and economic condition of non-ferrous metallurgy of Ukraine is analyzed and analytical-vector aspects of the industry are formed. The current state and tendencies of economic stagnation of non-ferrous metallurgy enterprises are considered, business activity, financial capacity, state of resource efficiency of strategically important enterprises of the country are analyzed. The main strategic directions of development of non-ferrous metallurgy enterprises on the basis of retrospective stagnation and current modernity of military actions are formed and substantiated. The basic vector mechanisms of achievement of strategic directions of development of non – ferrous metallurgical branch are defined.
Keywords: The article forms a complementary hierarchical approach with a chain of retrospective processes: global trends, industry characteristics within the country – the state of individual industry actors. The resource potential of nonferrous metallurgy of Ukraine is determined and the dynamic and recession processes of non-ferrous metals production in Ukraine are substantiated. The potential of non-ferrous metals of the country in comparison with the leading countries is analyzed and its weight in the world vector is determined. The production capacities of non-ferrous metallurgy and their place in the industry of the country are substantiated. The financial and economic condition of non-ferrous metallurgy of Ukraine is analyzed and analytical-vector aspects of the industry are formed. The current state and tendencies of economic stagnation of non-ferrous metallurgy enterprises are considered, business activity, financial capacity, state of resource efficiency of strategically important enterprises of the country are analyzed. The main strategic directions of development of non-ferrous metallurgy enterprises on the basis of retrospective stagnation and current modernity of military actions are formed and substantiated. The basic vector mechanisms of achievement of strategic directions of development of non – ferrous metallurgical branch are defined.

THE EUROPEAN MODEL OF NON-TARIFF REGULATION: A GUIDELINE FOR UKRAINE AMIDST REFORMING THE CUSTOMS SYSTEM

Oksana Boiko, Viacheslav Tylchyk

Oksana Boiko, Postgraduate Student at the Department of Administrative Law, Intellectual Property and Civil Law Disciplines, Kyiv Institute of Intellectual Property and Law of the National University “Odesa Law Academy”(Kyiv, Ukraine)
Viacheslav Tylchyk, Doctor of Law, Professor, Vice Rector for Research of Kyiv Institute of Intellectual Property and Law of the National University “Odesa Law Academy” (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5964-3439
Anotation. The article examines the essence of the model of non-tariff regulation of trade in the EU. It was found that the European model of non-tariff trade regulation is characterized by certain features, which is explained by the specifics of the implementation of customs policy in the EU. The existence of different approaches of the European legislator to determining the essence of non-tariff regulation was revealed. The author's definitions of the concepts of "non-tariff regulation" and "non-tariff restrictions" for the European trade model are provided. The key features of the mechanism of non-tariff regulation in the EU were studied and analyzed, and the author's list of such features was provided. It was determined that non-tariff regulation of trade in the EU is characterized by an economic and legal nature. The peculiarities of product standardization in the EU as a regulatory procedure have been studied. The mechanism of customs supervision over the implementation of the process of non-tariff regulation in the EU was studied and it was determined that it needs further improvement. A number of measures aimed at modernizing the national model of non-tariff regulation of foreign trade, considering the existing European experience, are proposed.
Keywords: The article examines the essence of the model of non-tariff regulation of trade in the EU. It was found that the European model of non-tariff trade regulation is characterized by certain features, which is explained by the specifics of the implementation of customs policy in the EU. The existence of different approaches of the European legislator to determining the essence of non-tariff regulation was revealed. The author's definitions of the concepts of "non-tariff regulation" and "non-tariff restrictions" for the European trade model are provided. The key features of the mechanism of non-tariff regulation in the EU were studied and analyzed, and the author's list of such features was provided. It was determined that non-tariff regulation of trade in the EU is characterized by an economic and legal nature. The peculiarities of product standardization in the EU as a regulatory procedure have been studied. The mechanism of customs supervision over the implementation of the process of non-tariff regulation in the EU was studied and it was determined that it needs further improvement. A number of measures aimed at modernizing the national model of non-tariff regulation of foreign trade, considering the existing European experience, are proposed.

ABUSE OF THE RIGHT TO ENTER/NOT ENTER THE RELEVANT INFORMATION IN THE INTEGRATED REGISTER OF PRE-TRIAL INVESTIGATIONS

Halyna Boreiko

PhD (Law), Deputy Prosecutor of Lviv Region, Doctoral Student of the Department of Criminal Procedure and Criminology Ivan Franko National University of Lviv (Lviv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-5592-4302
Anotation. This article examines the problems of abuse of the right by investigator, prosecutor to resolve the issue of entering or not entering information in the Unified Register of Pre-trial Investigations (further – URPI). The purpose of this article is to identify, first of all, gaps in the legal regulation of the beginning of pre-trial investigation and to formulate proposals for their solution. The article substantiates the necessity to make a decision to enter/ not enter the relevant information in the URPI directly by the investigator or prosecutor, and not by the authorized person. Deficiencies in the legal regulation at the stage of acceptance and registration of applications or notifications, which provide hypothetical opportunities for investigator or prosecutor to abuse of the right, and suggested effective ways to correction them. It is argued that due to the detailing of the procedure to enter information in the URPI by departmental acts, which law enforcement agencies are required to follow in their daily work, there is an unequal application of Art. 214 of the Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine. The way out of this situation is offered, which consists in making changes to the current wording of Art. 214 of the CPC of Ukraine, which would prevent the abuse of the right to enter/not enter the relevant information in the URPI and respect for the rights and legitimate interests of the person.
Keywords: This article examines the problems of abuse of the right by investigator, prosecutor to resolve the issue of entering or not entering information in the Unified Register of Pre-trial Investigations (further – URPI). The purpose of this article is to identify, first of all, gaps in the legal regulation of the beginning of pre-trial investigation and to formulate proposals for their solution. The article substantiates the necessity to make a decision to enter/ not enter the relevant information in the URPI directly by the investigator or prosecutor, and not by the authorized person. Deficiencies in the legal regulation at the stage of acceptance and registration of applications or notifications, which provide hypothetical opportunities for investigator or prosecutor to abuse of the right, and suggested effective ways to correction them. It is argued that due to the detailing of the procedure to enter information in the URPI by departmental acts, which law enforcement agencies are required to follow in their daily work, there is an unequal application of Art. 214 of the Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine. The way out of this situation is offered, which consists in making changes to the current wording of Art. 214 of the CPC of Ukraine, which would prevent the abuse of the right to enter/not enter the relevant information in the URPI and respect for the rights and legitimate interests of the person.

PROSECUTORIAL OVERSIGHT OF THE VICTIM'S RIGHT OF ACCESS TO JUSTICE IN CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS

Mykhailo Burtovyi

Applicant at the Department of Criminal Procedure National Academy of Internal Affairs (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5474-7018
Anotation. The article highlights the place and role of prosecutorial oversight in ensuring the victim's right of access to justice in criminal proceedings. The main directions of the prosecutor's participation in such a mechanism are systematized. It is established that in each of these areas, prosecutorial supervision in ensuring the victim's right to access to justice is implemented in its own form, using appropriate means and methods of prosecutorial activity. It was concluded that the prosecutor's "monopoly" on access to court, which is one of the main elements of access to justice. It was stated that the definition of the prosecutor as the exclusive subject of realization of the victim's right to access to justice in criminal proceedings seems to be quite justified and is the only possible solution to this issue.
Keywords: The article highlights the place and role of prosecutorial oversight in ensuring the victim's right of access to justice in criminal proceedings. The main directions of the prosecutor's participation in such a mechanism are systematized. It is established that in each of these areas, prosecutorial supervision in ensuring the victim's right to access to justice is implemented in its own form, using appropriate means and methods of prosecutorial activity. It was concluded that the prosecutor's "monopoly" on access to court, which is one of the main elements of access to justice. It was stated that the definition of the prosecutor as the exclusive subject of realization of the victim's right to access to justice in criminal proceedings seems to be quite justified and is the only possible solution to this issue.

THE GENESIS OF INTERNATIONAL LEGAL COOPERATION OF STATES IN CRIME PREVENTION

Dariya Vitiuk

Candidate of Juridical Science (Ph. D.), Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Theoretical and Legal Disciplines State Tax University (Irpin, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3457-9984
Anotation. The article examines the problems of the genesis of the key points of cooperation of the leading states of the world in the issue of crime prevention. An analysis of the scientific views of leading scientists on this issue was carried out in parallel with normative and legal acts of an international nature. The main ways of state cooperation in crime prevention are formulated and their specifics are analyzed. The main ways of state cooperation in crime prevention are characterized, namely: state cooperation in the investigation of criminal proceedings (including extradition), which is regulated by the norms of international law; consolidation of norms governing issues of criminal responsibility of an international nature in case of violations of the provisions of international law by specific persons; development of international legal standards in the issue of crime prevention; the main directions of prevention of international criminal offenses are determined, taking into account the achievements of scientific and technical progress.
Keywords: The article examines the problems of the genesis of the key points of cooperation of the leading states of the world in the issue of crime prevention. An analysis of the scientific views of leading scientists on this issue was carried out in parallel with normative and legal acts of an international nature. The main ways of state cooperation in crime prevention are formulated and their specifics are analyzed. The main ways of state cooperation in crime prevention are characterized, namely: state cooperation in the investigation of criminal proceedings (including extradition), which is regulated by the norms of international law; consolidation of norms governing issues of criminal responsibility of an international nature in case of violations of the provisions of international law by specific persons; development of international legal standards in the issue of crime prevention; the main directions of prevention of international criminal offenses are determined, taking into account the achievements of scientific and technical progress.

THE ROLE OF THE STATE IN THE MECHANISM OF LEGAL REGULATION OF JOB SAFETY OF CIVIL OFFICERS IN UKRAINE

Lesia Voitiuk

Postgraduate Student of Educational and Scientific Institute of Law Taras Shevchenko Kyiv National University (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4756-4984
Anotation. The article, focusing on the analysis of the scientific views of scientists and the norms of the current legislation, substantiates the role of the state in ensuring the legal regulation of labor safety of civil servants. It has been proven that it is based on the application by the relevant competent authorities of a complex of various measures aimed at preserving the life, health and professional fitness of civil servants. The key foundations that determine the specifics of guaranteeing the rights of civil servants in the field of labor safety are highlighted. It has been proven that the basis of the well-being of the state, its ability to effectively protect the interests of the entire population, lies directly in the level of ensuring the safety of the work of civil servants in protection from potential external and internal threats that pose a risk both to the official activities of employees and to the functioning of the state as a whole. A conclusion was made regarding the special attention paid to the improvement of legal regulation by the state and maintenance of the appropriate level of labor safety of civil servants, which is caused, firstly, by the sphere of activity of employees, which is characterized by increased state significance; and secondly, due to threats that pose risks to labor productivity.
Keywords: The article, focusing on the analysis of the scientific views of scientists and the norms of the current legislation, substantiates the role of the state in ensuring the legal regulation of labor safety of civil servants. It has been proven that it is based on the application by the relevant competent authorities of a complex of various measures aimed at preserving the life, health and professional fitness of civil servants. The key foundations that determine the specifics of guaranteeing the rights of civil servants in the field of labor safety are highlighted. It has been proven that the basis of the well-being of the state, its ability to effectively protect the interests of the entire population, lies directly in the level of ensuring the safety of the work of civil servants in protection from potential external and internal threats that pose a risk both to the official activities of employees and to the functioning of the state as a whole. A conclusion was made regarding the special attention paid to the improvement of legal regulation by the state and maintenance of the appropriate level of labor safety of civil servants, which is caused, firstly, by the sphere of activity of employees, which is characterized by increased state significance; and secondly, due to threats that pose risks to labor productivity.

SOME PROBLEMS IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF EU STANDARDS ON CONSUMER PROTECTION IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRONIC COMMERCE IN UKRAINE

Olena Holysheva

Postgraduate Student of the V.M. Koretsky Institute of State and Law of Natiopnal Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4589-109Х
Anotation. The article considers the problematic issues of implementation of European Union standards on consumer protection in the field of electronic commerce in Ukraine. The stages of development of the national legislation in the context of approximation of the legislative base of Ukraine to the norms of the law of the European Union have been explored. The rights of protection, access to reliable information, privacy and confidentiality, proper quality of products, exchange of goods, creation of public organizations and associations have been analyzed. It has been proved that each of these rights in the consumer protection system has its implementation and peculiarities of regulation, after which the following, changes and additions to the legislation of Ukraine are proposed: determine the unconditional right of the consumer to exchange and terminate the contract within fourteen days; expand the list of information to be provided to consumers when concluding online contracts; establish a list of actions that constitute unfair commercial practices; create a national consumer association that would carry out a legislative initiative; introduce alternative ways of resolving consumer disputes.
Keywords: The article considers the problematic issues of implementation of European Union standards on consumer protection in the field of electronic commerce in Ukraine. The stages of development of the national legislation in the context of approximation of the legislative base of Ukraine to the norms of the law of the European Union have been explored. The rights of protection, access to reliable information, privacy and confidentiality, proper quality of products, exchange of goods, creation of public organizations and associations have been analyzed. It has been proved that each of these rights in the consumer protection system has its implementation and peculiarities of regulation, after which the following, changes and additions to the legislation of Ukraine are proposed: determine the unconditional right of the consumer to exchange and terminate the contract within fourteen days; expand the list of information to be provided to consumers when concluding online contracts; establish a list of actions that constitute unfair commercial practices; create a national consumer association that would carry out a legislative initiative; introduce alternative ways of resolving consumer disputes.

THE RULE OF LAW AND THE LAW OF UKRAINE ABOUT LABOR RELATIONS IN MARTIAL LAW

Roman Zvarych

Master of Law, Candidate of Historical Sciences (Ph.D.), Lecturer of Legal Disciplines Kolomyia Professional College of Economics and Law of The State University of Trade and Economics (Kolomyia, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3936-3602
Anotation. Law in any understanding is called to recognize the worth of the human person on the basis of the principles of law. Using the methods of scientific knowledge carried out legal analysis and description of labor legislation and case law of Ukraine during martial law, made a comparative description of the new Law of Ukraine «On the organization of labor relations in martial law», existing labor legislation, constitutional and international judicial practice with formallogical approach through the prism of the rule of law. The studied Law of Ukraine contradicts the principle of the rule of law, illegally replaces the Constitution of Ukraine, the Labor Code of Ukraine which is confirmed by the case law of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine and the European Court of Human Rights is established.
Keywords: Law in any understanding is called to recognize the worth of the human person on the basis of the principles of law. Using the methods of scientific knowledge carried out legal analysis and description of labor legislation and case law of Ukraine during martial law, made a comparative description of the new Law of Ukraine «On the organization of labor relations in martial law», existing labor legislation, constitutional and international judicial practice with formallogical approach through the prism of the rule of law. The studied Law of Ukraine contradicts the principle of the rule of law, illegally replaces the Constitution of Ukraine, the Labor Code of Ukraine which is confirmed by the case law of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine and the European Court of Human Rights is established.

PECULIARITIES OF IMPLEMENTATION OF CERTAIN COURT PROCEDURES IN THE ADMINISTRATIVE JUDICIARY OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC

Nadiya Ilchyshyn

Candidate of Law, Judge of the Eighth Administrative Court of Appeal (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-0435-6480
Anotation. Attention is drawn to the fact that in different countries of the world there is a specific procedure for the administration of justice and its organization in general, due to their belonging to different legal systems. The peculiarities of judicial procedures inherent in the continental model of justice are described on the example of the Czech Republic. It is concluded that the administrative proceedings of the Czech Republic are similar to the Ukrainian proceedings, but have their own peculiarities: a) there is a possibility of making a decision without considering the case on the merits; b) the procedure for consideration of cases containing classified information is separately allocated; c) delayed sending of decisions with a motivational part after consideration of the case on the merits. It is concluded that the administrative procedural law of the Czech Republic tends to be simplified, for example, to facilitate citizens' access to court proceedings (in particular, to file complaints through online application systems) in both countries, to simplify proceedings, such as decisions without direct consideration, the possibility of providing additional data and materials without prior additional indication and attempts to minimize the time spent on trial.
Keywords: Attention is drawn to the fact that in different countries of the world there is a specific procedure for the administration of justice and its organization in general, due to their belonging to different legal systems. The peculiarities of judicial procedures inherent in the continental model of justice are described on the example of the Czech Republic. It is concluded that the administrative proceedings of the Czech Republic are similar to the Ukrainian proceedings, but have their own peculiarities: a) there is a possibility of making a decision without considering the case on the merits; b) the procedure for consideration of cases containing classified information is separately allocated; c) delayed sending of decisions with a motivational part after consideration of the case on the merits. It is concluded that the administrative procedural law of the Czech Republic tends to be simplified, for example, to facilitate citizens' access to court proceedings (in particular, to file complaints through online application systems) in both countries, to simplify proceedings, such as decisions without direct consideration, the possibility of providing additional data and materials without prior additional indication and attempts to minimize the time spent on trial.

INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW: THE GENOCIDE OF UKRAINIANS 2022

Oleksandra Kalmykova

PhD, Assistant Professor at the Department of International law Faculty of Law Istanbul University (Istanbul, Turkey)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3829-1478
Anotation. The scientific intelligence analyzes the legal subtleties of recognition of the genocide of Ukrainians by the Russian Federation. The relevance of the research is due to the commission of war crimes against the civilian population during the military aggression against Ukraine. Massive and cruelty of these anti-human manifestations actualized legal norms of International Humanitarian Law, which are the only mechanism of recognition of the genocide of Ukrainians and further prosecution of the aggressor. The methods of research correlate with the norms of international law and the methodology of the humanitarian law cluster. The process of genocide recognition requires clear methodological guidelines, which are based on the systemic, doctrinal, and historical methods of legal research. Consequently, the Ukrainian nation and the global democratic community need legal justification of war crimes committed during the Russian military aggression. The task of the legal cluster is the fixation and legal assessment of war crimes, which will be a prerequisite for bringing their organizers and perpetrators to justice.
Keywords: The scientific intelligence analyzes the legal subtleties of recognition of the genocide of Ukrainians by the Russian Federation. The relevance of the research is due to the commission of war crimes against the civilian population during the military aggression against Ukraine. Massive and cruelty of these anti-human manifestations actualized legal norms of International Humanitarian Law, which are the only mechanism of recognition of the genocide of Ukrainians and further prosecution of the aggressor. The methods of research correlate with the norms of international law and the methodology of the humanitarian law cluster. The process of genocide recognition requires clear methodological guidelines, which are based on the systemic, doctrinal, and historical methods of legal research. Consequently, the Ukrainian nation and the global democratic community need legal justification of war crimes committed during the Russian military aggression. The task of the legal cluster is the fixation and legal assessment of war crimes, which will be a prerequisite for bringing their organizers and perpetrators to justice.

SUBSYSTEM OF CRIMINAL OFFENSES WHICH VIOLATE THE CONSTITUTIONAL PRINCIPLES OF THE RULE OF LAW AND INDEPENDENCE OF JUDGES

Nataliya Karpova

Doctor of Philosophy of Law, Associate Professor at the Department of Law Higher Educational Institution «Academician Yuriy Bugay International and Scientific Technical University» (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-8905-781X
Anotation. The published article is determined for studying such a question as subsystem of criminal offenses which violate the constitutional principles of the rule of law and independence of judges. The suggested article includes observing such a question as the interference in the activities of judicial bodies in all forms. The article produces such notions as an unlawful interference in the activities of judicial bodies, judge, juror, constitutional principles of the rule of law and independence of judges, judicial officer, Unified judicial information and telecommunication system. The main attention is given to the scientific development of the subsystem of criminal offenses which violate the constitutional principles of the rule of law and independence of judges and the characteristics of its content. It is concluded that the subsystem of criminal offenses which violate the constitutional principles of the rule of law and independence of judges, consists of criminal offenses under Art. Art. 376, 376-1, 377, 378, 379 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine and has a complex structure in which Art. 376 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine is the common norm, and Art. Art. 376-1, 377, 378, 379 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine are the special norms.
Keywords: The published article is determined for studying such a question as subsystem of criminal offenses which violate the constitutional principles of the rule of law and independence of judges. The suggested article includes observing such a question as the interference in the activities of judicial bodies in all forms. The article produces such notions as an unlawful interference in the activities of judicial bodies, judge, juror, constitutional principles of the rule of law and independence of judges, judicial officer, Unified judicial information and telecommunication system. The main attention is given to the scientific development of the subsystem of criminal offenses which violate the constitutional principles of the rule of law and independence of judges and the characteristics of its content. It is concluded that the subsystem of criminal offenses which violate the constitutional principles of the rule of law and independence of judges, consists of criminal offenses under Art. Art. 376, 376-1, 377, 378, 379 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine and has a complex structure in which Art. 376 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine is the common norm, and Art. Art. 376-1, 377, 378, 379 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine are the special norms.

PRINCIPLES OF ADMINISTRATIVE AND LEGAL SUPPORT OF THE ACTIVITIES OF INQUIRY UNITS OF THE NATIONAL POLICE OF UKRAINE

Kostiantyn Mieshkovoi

Associate Professor at the Department of Public Administration and Administration of the National Academy of Internal Affairs (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3341-5811
Anotation. In the provisions of the scientific article the author comprehensively and comprehensively analyzes the opinions of scientists and their own beliefs on the principles of administrative and legal support of the investigation units of the National Police of Ukraine and all major aspects related to this topic. The research methodology involves the use of a system of methods of scientific knowledge: comparative legal method (when analyzing the opinions of scientists on the study of principles), methods of analysis and synthesis (to determine the state of administrative and legal support of the National Police of Ukraine and foreign experience, etc. Theoretical and generalizing conclusions of domestic and foreign lawyers were used, and as a result of the analysis the basic principles of administrative and legal support of the activity of inquiry units of the National Police of Ukraine were established and analyzed.
Keywords: In the provisions of the scientific article the author comprehensively and comprehensively analyzes the opinions of scientists and their own beliefs on the principles of administrative and legal support of the investigation units of the National Police of Ukraine and all major aspects related to this topic. The research methodology involves the use of a system of methods of scientific knowledge: comparative legal method (when analyzing the opinions of scientists on the study of principles), methods of analysis and synthesis (to determine the state of administrative and legal support of the National Police of Ukraine and foreign experience, etc. Theoretical and generalizing conclusions of domestic and foreign lawyers were used, and as a result of the analysis the basic principles of administrative and legal support of the activity of inquiry units of the National Police of Ukraine were established and analyzed.

APPLICATION OF MEDIATION IN THE RESOLUTION OF PUBLIC LEGAL DISPUTES WITH THE PARTICIPATION OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

Yevheniia Minakova, Ihor Nalyvaiko

Yevheniia Minakova, Candidate of Law, Associate Professor at the Department of General Law Disciplines Educational and Scientific Institute of Law and Innovative Education Dnipropetrovsk State University of Internal Affairs (Dnipro, Ukraine)
Ihor Nalyvaiko, Lecturer at the Department of General Law Disciplines Educational and Scientific Institute of Law and Innovative Education Dnipropetrovsk State University of Internal Affairs (Dnipro, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3823-3072, ORCID ID: 0000-0003-1532-2996
Anotation. The article substantiates the application of the mediation procedure in resolving public law disputes with the participation of local governments in the context of decentralisation of power. The tangible impact of the decentralisation reform on the empowerment of local governments necessitates the search for new transparent, democratic and reliable forms of balancing and restraining the power of municipal authorities. The reform of decentralisation of power will lead to an additional burden on the judiciary in dealing with cases of violation of current legislation by local governments due to the lack of responsible executive bodies that would control the municipal government. Currently, the courts are almost the only compelling subject to limit the arbitrariness of municipal authorities. The quality of justice in these conditions is declining, so the timeliness of decisions in cases of violations of the law by local governments is not guaranteed. Mediation is one of the ways to avoid the escalation of the conflict between the state executive bodies and local self-government bodies in the process of control over the exercise of both delegated and self-governing powers by the latter.
Keywords: The article substantiates the application of the mediation procedure in resolving public law disputes with the participation of local governments in the context of decentralisation of power. The tangible impact of the decentralisation reform on the empowerment of local governments necessitates the search for new transparent, democratic and reliable forms of balancing and restraining the power of municipal authorities. The reform of decentralisation of power will lead to an additional burden on the judiciary in dealing with cases of violation of current legislation by local governments due to the lack of responsible executive bodies that would control the municipal government. Currently, the courts are almost the only compelling subject to limit the arbitrariness of municipal authorities. The quality of justice in these conditions is declining, so the timeliness of decisions in cases of violations of the law by local governments is not guaranteed. Mediation is one of the ways to avoid the escalation of the conflict between the state executive bodies and local self-government bodies in the process of control over the exercise of both delegated and self-governing powers by the latter.

GAPS OF THE PROCEDURE OF APPLICATION OF COMPULSORY MEDICAL MEASURES IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE OF UKRAINE

Vira Navrotska, Natalia Ustrutska

Vira Navrotska, Candidate of Law, Docent, Associate Professor of the Department of Criminal- Law Disciplines Lviv State University of Internal Affairs (Lviv, Ukraine)
Natalia Ustrutska, Candidate of Law, Docent, Associate Professor of the Department of Criminal- Law Disciplines Lviv State University of Internal Affairs (Lviv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3407-7984, ORCID ID: 0000-0075-9458
Anotation. The article states that the current Criminal Procedural Code of Ukraine pays insufficient attention to the procedural guarantees of the rights of persons on whom the question of application of compulsory medical measures is solved. Regulation of the legal status of persons who have committed a prohibited act of the Criminal Code of Ukraine in a state of mental incompetence, diminished responsibility or have suffered mental illness after the criminal offense has been committed, is at an unacceptably low level. They are often not active participants of the criminal process, but objects of criminal procedural activity. In a legal state this situation is unacceptable. In order to overcome this situation, a number of changes and additions to the Criminal Procedural Code of Ukraine have been justified.
Keywords: The article states that the current Criminal Procedural Code of Ukraine pays insufficient attention to the procedural guarantees of the rights of persons on whom the question of application of compulsory medical measures is solved. Regulation of the legal status of persons who have committed a prohibited act of the Criminal Code of Ukraine in a state of mental incompetence, diminished responsibility or have suffered mental illness after the criminal offense has been committed, is at an unacceptably low level. They are often not active participants of the criminal process, but objects of criminal procedural activity. In a legal state this situation is unacceptable. In order to overcome this situation, a number of changes and additions to the Criminal Procedural Code of Ukraine have been justified.

COMPARATIVE LEGAL ANALYSIS OF THE DOCTRINE RES JUDICATA: PART 1. LEGAL SYSTEMS OF CIVIL LAW

Kostiantyn Pilkov

PhD (Law), Senior Research Fellow at the Department of International Private Law and Legal Problems of Eurointegration, Academician F.H. Burchak Scientific Research Institute of Private Law and Entrepreneurship of the National Academy of Legal Sciences of Ukraine (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-8931-0413
Anotation. The article presents the results of a comparative analysis of the res judicata doctrine in legal systems of the continental legal tradition, it focuses on different approaches to deciding whether res judicata is an issue of substantive or procedural law, and on how courts apply this principle (upon a party's motion or sua sponte). The author uncovers the features of application of the triple identity test (identity of parties, claim and cause of action) as a necessary condition for the principle of res judicata to apply which is inherent in all civil law systems. The article also notes that continental jurisdictions developed the narrow scope of res judicata, which covers the operative part of a final judgment and recognizes that the court's motives do not have the preclusive effect according to this principle, although they are to be taken into account as a part of the triple identity test.
Keywords: The article presents the results of a comparative analysis of the res judicata doctrine in legal systems of the continental legal tradition, it focuses on different approaches to deciding whether res judicata is an issue of substantive or procedural law, and on how courts apply this principle (upon a party's motion or sua sponte). The author uncovers the features of application of the triple identity test (identity of parties, claim and cause of action) as a necessary condition for the principle of res judicata to apply which is inherent in all civil law systems. The article also notes that continental jurisdictions developed the narrow scope of res judicata, which covers the operative part of a final judgment and recognizes that the court's motives do not have the preclusive effect according to this principle, although they are to be taken into account as a part of the triple identity test.

FEATURES OF PROTECTION OF JUVENILE VICTIMS FROM CRIMINAL OFFENSES IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES

Tetiana Titochka

Ph.D, Doctoral Student Donetsk State University of Internal Affairs (Kropyvnytskyi, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-5924-614X
Anotation. In the article the author considers the features of protection of juvenile victims from criminal offenses in foreign countries. It is pointed out that today the fight against criminal offenses against minors is an acute problem due to the lack of full-fledged measures and tools that can positively influence such socially dangerous acts. It is concluded that most foreign anti-victim practices are as follows: 1) the implementation of the basics of mediation and restorative justice; 2) active involvement of the public to work with potential and / or real juvenile victims of criminal offenses; 3) popularization of zero tolerance to socially dangerous acts; 4) popularization of rehabilitation and resocialization practices; 5) search and introduction of hardware and software in order to timely deter potential victims from falling into a situation with a high victim index.
Keywords: In the article the author considers the features of protection of juvenile victims from criminal offenses in foreign countries. It is pointed out that today the fight against criminal offenses against minors is an acute problem due to the lack of full-fledged measures and tools that can positively influence such socially dangerous acts. It is concluded that most foreign anti-victim practices are as follows: 1) the implementation of the basics of mediation and restorative justice; 2) active involvement of the public to work with potential and / or real juvenile victims of criminal offenses; 3) popularization of zero tolerance to socially dangerous acts; 4) popularization of rehabilitation and resocialization practices; 5) search and introduction of hardware and software in order to timely deter potential victims from falling into a situation with a high victim index.

SELECTED ISSUES OF CONFLICT-OF-LAW REGULATION OF CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIPS OF SURROGACY ACCORDING TO LEGISLATION OF UKRAINE AND LITHUANIAN REPUBLIC

Anastasiia Chernobaieva

Postgraduate Student at the Department of Civil Law Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7545-0127
Anotation. The selected issues of conflict-of-law regulation of contractual relationships of surrogacy according to legislation of Ukraine and Lithuanian Republic are considered in the article. The features of the order of determination of law applicable to appropriate relationships according to legislation of Ukraine are analyzed; the possibility of obtaining the Ukrainian citizenship by a child born by surrogate mother-citizen of Ukraine as a result of transfer to her of the embryo conceived by spouses-citizens of Lithuanian Republic is analyzed. The features of conflict-of-law regulation of contractual relationships of surrogacy according to legislation of Lithuania in case when embryo was conceived by spouses-citizens of Lithuanian Republic and the child was born according to surrogacy contract that had been concluded according to legislative rules of Ukraine and by surrogate mother-citizen of Ukraine are considered. The rules of determination of kinship between the genetic parents and the child born with usage of surrogacy method according to legislation of Lithuania are considered; the possibility of obtaining the Lithuanian Republic citizenship by such a child is analyzed.
Keywords: The selected issues of conflict-of-law regulation of contractual relationships of surrogacy according to legislation of Ukraine and Lithuanian Republic are considered in the article. The features of the order of determination of law applicable to appropriate relationships according to legislation of Ukraine are analyzed; the possibility of obtaining the Ukrainian citizenship by a child born by surrogate mother-citizen of Ukraine as a result of transfer to her of the embryo conceived by spouses-citizens of Lithuanian Republic is analyzed. The features of conflict-of-law regulation of contractual relationships of surrogacy according to legislation of Lithuania in case when embryo was conceived by spouses-citizens of Lithuanian Republic and the child was born according to surrogacy contract that had been concluded according to legislative rules of Ukraine and by surrogate mother-citizen of Ukraine are considered. The rules of determination of kinship between the genetic parents and the child born with usage of surrogacy method according to legislation of Lithuania are considered; the possibility of obtaining the Lithuanian Republic citizenship by such a child is analyzed.

CHARACTERISTICS OF INDIVIDUAL DUTIES OF MEDICAL WORKERS DURING MARTIAL LAW

Nazariy Kniazevych

Graduate Student at the Department of Service and Medical Law of the Educational and Scientific Institute of Law of Taras Shevchenko Kyiv National University, legal adviser of the NGO "Ukrainian Palliative and Hospice Care League" (Kyiv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-1659-3934
Anotation. The article describes the individual duties of medical workers. Methodology: the methodological basis of the article is general and special methods of legal science, in particular: the method of dialectical analysis, the method of prognostic modeling, formal-logical, normative-dogmatic, sociological methods. The main duties of medical personnel during martial law in the country are outlined, such as: strict compliance with IHL norms; humane treatment of victims of war (do not expose persons belonging to these categories to any procedures, tests, experiments that are dangerous for their health, respect their physical and mental integrity, confidentiality of the diagnosis, observe medical secrecy); providing medical aid to the wounded, sick, prisoners of war, shipwreck victims; strict adherence to the principles of medical ethics, that is, one's medical duties.
Keywords: The article describes the individual duties of medical workers. Methodology: the methodological basis of the article is general and special methods of legal science, in particular: the method of dialectical analysis, the method of prognostic modeling, formal-logical, normative-dogmatic, sociological methods. The main duties of medical personnel during martial law in the country are outlined, such as: strict compliance with IHL norms; humane treatment of victims of war (do not expose persons belonging to these categories to any procedures, tests, experiments that are dangerous for their health, respect their physical and mental integrity, confidentiality of the diagnosis, observe medical secrecy); providing medical aid to the wounded, sick, prisoners of war, shipwreck victims; strict adherence to the principles of medical ethics, that is, one's medical duties.

THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONAL CONTENT OF THE SYSTEM OF PRINCIPLES OF TAX LEGAL RELATIONS

Serhii Borzanytsia, Serhii Tymchenko

Serhii Borzanytsia, judge of the Luhansk District Administrative Court (Luhansk, Ukraine)
Serhii Tymchenko, Doctor of History, PhD in Law, Professor (Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-8129-6311
Anotation. The author determined that the legal regulation of tax legal relations, the establishment of the functional content of their structure, the system of principles has a direct impact on the establishment of the level of efficiency in solving the strategic tasks of the socio-economic development of the state. The author established that, despite paying some research attention to the issue of characterizing the structure of tax relations in the studies of such scientists as: O.S. Bashnyak, O.L. Gamalii, O.O. Zolotar, M.P. Kucheryavenko, L.K. Voronov and others, the relevance of establishing their functional content is not lost in modern conditions. The purpose of the article is to implement the structure and functional content of the system of principles of tax legal relations. The author established that the effectiveness of the taxation system has a direct impact on the development of the necessary priority sectors of the economy. The author emphasized that the introduction of preferential taxation conditions, the creation of a system of simplified taxation is a tax incentive for creating an effective basis for the development of small and medium-sized enterprises, the success of the financial and economic activities of business entities.
Keywords: The author determined that the legal regulation of tax legal relations, the establishment of the functional content of their structure, the system of principles has a direct impact on the establishment of the level of efficiency in solving the strategic tasks of the socio-economic development of the state. The author established that, despite paying some research attention to the issue of characterizing the structure of tax relations in the studies of such scientists as: O.S. Bashnyak, O.L. Gamalii, O.O. Zolotar, M.P. Kucheryavenko, L.K. Voronov and others, the relevance of establishing their functional content is not lost in modern conditions. The purpose of the article is to implement the structure and functional content of the system of principles of tax legal relations. The author established that the effectiveness of the taxation system has a direct impact on the development of the necessary priority sectors of the economy. The author emphasized that the introduction of preferential taxation conditions, the creation of a system of simplified taxation is a tax incentive for creating an effective basis for the development of small and medium-sized enterprises, the success of the financial and economic activities of business entities.

ADMINISTRATIVE AND LEGAL REGULATION OF THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE SYSTEM OF INDICATORS FOR COMPLIANCE WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SECURITY

Andriy Koshlia

judge of the Dobropil city and district court of the Donetsk region (Donetsk, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4252-0376
Anotation. A low level of ensuring the requirements of national environmental safety has been established, which requires a review of the indicators of their compliance. It is substantiated that the basis of the development of the system of indicators of national ecological security requirements should be based on their ability to properly ensure the realization of the human right to a safe environment. The purpose of the article is to characterize the system of indicators for ensuring the requirements of national ecological security, to determine the administrative and legal support for their implementation and directions for their implementation. The author emphasized that the introduction at the national level of the need to observe and implement the goals and objectives of sustainable development, which determined the expediency of developing a certain system of monitoring the effectiveness of the exercise of powers for their implementation by administrative bodies. On the basis of the structural-logical method, the method of analysis and synthesis, the method of comparative jurisprudence, the expediency of the need to introduce anthropogenic indicators of the development of society into the standards of compliance with the requirements of national environmental security, in particular, the determination of life expectancy, the rate of cancer, taking into account the latest technologies for the introduction of innovations in the development of industry, etc.
Keywords: A low level of ensuring the requirements of national environmental safety has been established, which requires a review of the indicators of their compliance. It is substantiated that the basis of the development of the system of indicators of national ecological security requirements should be based on their ability to properly ensure the realization of the human right to a safe environment. The purpose of the article is to characterize the system of indicators for ensuring the requirements of national ecological security, to determine the administrative and legal support for their implementation and directions for their implementation. The author emphasized that the introduction at the national level of the need to observe and implement the goals and objectives of sustainable development, which determined the expediency of developing a certain system of monitoring the effectiveness of the exercise of powers for their implementation by administrative bodies. On the basis of the structural-logical method, the method of analysis and synthesis, the method of comparative jurisprudence, the expediency of the need to introduce anthropogenic indicators of the development of society into the standards of compliance with the requirements of national environmental security, in particular, the determination of life expectancy, the rate of cancer, taking into account the latest technologies for the introduction of innovations in the development of industry, etc.