Anotation. One of the national socio-cultural codes is examined, which reflects a separate, almost the main aspect of the regulation of relations in society - law, legal reality as such; the lawyer is considered as a key to understanding the legal culture of Ukrainians. The types of legal practice that demonstrate the type palette of the legal profession (judge, investigator, notary, prosecutor, lawyer, legal adviser, etc.) are not detailed, but the generalized concept of "lawyer" (or its Ukrainian equivalent "lawyer") is emphasized. In particular, the semantic, logical, ontological and institutional meaning of the term "lawyer" / "attorney" is considered, which demonstrates the dependence of society's attitude to law, level of legal awareness, and therefore socio-cultural code. In this context, several problematic issues have been identified that require separate detailed consideration. It is determined that the socio-cultural code can be considered a socially significant normative information formation, which records the basic values and achievements received by the people or the nation. This code can reproduce key symbols and signs, established phrases, gestures, phenomena and things, literary works - and all this can easily identify one person with the whole nation or be not entirely clear to members of another ethnic group. Socio-cultural codes can not only demonstrate national characteristics, but also be a kind of filter when the "other" enters a certain socio-cultural space (from life and family to employment and public service). It is concluded that the socio-cultural code "lawyer" / "attorney" should ideally make every member of society confident that the real equivalent of this code, the bearer of the meaning of this concept is a good connoisseur of law, a clear executor of legal norms, an unappealable servant of justice.
Keywords: lawyer, attorney, bearer of meaning, real equivalent, legal reality, legal consciousness, sociocultural code.
Olha BalynskaDoctor of Law, Professor
Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, (Lviv, Ukraine)
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-0168-143X