Candidate of Pedagogic Sciences Associate Professor
of the Department of theories and methods of teaching physics and astronomy
of National Pedagogical Dragomanov University
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9956-9429
Anotation. The issue of the article addresses the variability of the content of natural
science knowledge, which was accumulated during the IX - XIX centuries, during the
progressive development of domestic education. The influence of the origins of the ideology of
European humanism on the orientation of socio-cultural determinants, which was reflected in the
development of education and the differentiation of the educational process content, is detailed.
The subject of the study is the content of the domestic natural sciences in the context of
the best world educational traditions of the designated historical period.
The purpose of the article is to analyze the varied content of the national natural sciences
through the prism of the world educational traditions of the IX - XIX centuries.
The research tools for the study were the biographical, chronological and content,
incremental, historical and genetic, historical-pedagogical and comparative methods.
The analysis of the titled problem was based on the analysis of the best theoretical
developments of the epoch under study, which challenged the high ideology of the pedagogical
views and beliefs of contemporaneous Enlighteners. The rethinking of the studied problem was
based on the consideration of a holistic axiological, humanistic, and personally oriented structure
of the study.
The author's research attention is paid to reconsidering the progressive development of
natural sciences through the prism of personal self-realization, building close interaction between
representatives of the domestic intelligentsia and the outside world.
The author's view focuses on the natural saturation of informational data for the
educational process of this period, taken mainly from ancient sources and historical books
widely involved in the educational process. The close correlation between the historical fact of
the converting to Christianity and the deepening of the natural sciences content, which was due
to the objective need for the territorial expansion of the stated world religion, close interethnic
communication, the establishment of trade relations, deepening of diplomatic relations between
the states, reformation of education and the cultural sphere in general.
On the theoretical level, it has been summarized that the social initiative of the
progressive national elite actualized the issue of mass literacy, the practical orientation of the
educational process content, the need for the establishment of new educational institutions in the
territory of various regional administrative subdivisions of our state. It is noted that such
progressiveness of views often suffered considerable harassment on the part of the current
political leaders of that time, but did not devalue under the influence of destructive processes.
The close connection between the genesis of the national natural sciences and the
tendencies of development of the best world educational traditions is highlighted. It is proved that the natural orientation of the national creative works of contemporary thinkers reflected the
highly adaptive nature of the educational process organization, which was filled with natural
science data. Such a trajectory of the development of educational reality enabled the full
development of an individual, his further professional success and commitment to the solution of
the national issue that was relevant at that time. The importance of natural sciences for a more
profound rethinking of the physical and geographical features of their native land, which was
correlated in the period under study with patriotic and aesthetic education, was emphasized.
Keywords: content, genesis, natural sciences, educational traditions.